Afterlehen

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An Afterlehen or Afterlehn (plural: Afterlehne, Afterlehen) is a fief that the liege lord has himself been given as a fief and has then, in turn, enfeoffed it wholly or partially to a lesser vassal or vassals. The term is German. It is variously referred to in English as a mesne-fief[1][2] or mesne-tenure,[1] an arriere-fief or subfief,[3] under-tenure or mesnalty.[4]

Within the Holy Roman Empire these mesne fiefs even became inheritable over time and could have up to five "stations" between the actual holder of the fief and the overarching liege lord.[5]

An example of an Afterlehen is Rothenberg Castle in Bavaria, Germany.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Fahrenkrüger (1801), 2nd Part, p. 26. Retrieved 11 May 2017 (in German-English)
  2. ^ The Holy Roman Empire, 1495-1806: A European Perspective ed. by Robert Evans and Peter Wilson (2012), p. 124. Retrieved 8 Feb 2014.
  3. ^ Word Formation in German, Vol. 373 by Frederic Turnbull Wood, School of Germanic Languages, University of Va. (1948), p. 48. Retrieved 8 Feb 2014
  4. ^ Vollständiges Taschenwörterbuch der vier Hauptsprachen Europas. Deutsch-englisch, by Johann August Diezmann (1832). Retrieved 8 Feb 2014.
  5. ^ Despotism and capitalism: a historical comparison of Europe and Indonesia by Tilman Schiel (1985). Retrieved 8 Feb 2014.

Literature[edit]

  • Jürgen Dendorfer/ Roman Deutinger (eds.): Das Lehnswesen im Hochmittelalter. Forschungskonstrukte – Quellenbefunde – Deutungsrelevanz. Thorbecke, Ostfildern, 2010, ISBN 978-3-7995-4286-9 (Review)
  • Fahrenkrüger, Johann Anton: Nathan Bailey's Dictionary English-German and German-English — Englisch-Deutsches und Deutsch-Englisches Wörterbuch. Gänzlich umgearbeitet. Zweiter Theil. Deutsch-Englisch. Zehnte, verbesserte und vermehrte, Auflage., Friedrich Frommann, Leipzig und Jena 1801 (in German and English)
  • François Louis Ganshof: Was ist das Lehnswesen?, 7th edn., Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt, 1989. ISBN 3-534-00927-4
  • Karl-Heinz Spieß: Stichwort „Lehn(s)recht, Lehnswesen.“ In: Handwörterbuch zur deutschen Rechtsgeschichte. Vol. 2, Berlin, 1978. Sp. 1725–1741
  • Karl-Heinz Spieß: Das Lehnswesen in Deutschland im hohen und späten Mittelalter. 2nd improved and expanded edition, Steiner, Stuttgart, 2009, ISBN 978-3-515-09180-0