Agafia Karpovna Lykova (Russian: Агафья Карповна Лыкова, born 17 April 1944) is a Russian Old Believer, part of the Lykov family, who has lived alone in the Taiga for most of her life. She currently resides in the Western Sayan mountains, in the Republic of Khakassia. Lykova became a national phenomenon in the early 1980s when Vasily Peskov published articles about her family and their extreme isolation from the rest of society. Lykova is the sole surviving member of the family and has been mostly self-sufficient since 1988, when her father died. In 2014, she wrote a letter that was published online, requesting anyone to come to her home to be her helper as her "health is waning".
Lykova lives 3,444 ft (1,050 m) up a remote mountainside in the Abakan Range, 150 mi (240 km) away from the nearest town. For the first 35 years of her life, Lykova did not have contact with anyone outside of her immediate family. Information about the outside world came from her father’s stories and the family’s Russian Orthodox Bible.
In the summer of 1978, a group of four geologists discovered the family by chance, while circling the area in a helicopter. The scientists reported that Lykova spoke a language “distorted by a lifetime of isolation” that sounded akin to a “slow, blurred cooing.” This unusual speech led to the misconception that Lykova was mentally disabled. Later, after observing her skill in hunting, cooking, sewing, reading and construction, this original misconception was revised. Peskov's book reports that Lykova's vocabulary expanded as she made further contact with the larger world, and he reports many of her uses of "unexpected" words in conversation.
In 70 years, Lykova has ventured out of the family settlement six times. The first time was in the 1980s, shortly after Vasily Peskov's articles about the family’s isolation turned them into a national phenomenon. The Soviet Government paid for her to tour Soviet Union for a month, during which time she saw planes, horses, cars and money for the first time. Since then, she has only left to seek medical treatment, visit distant relatives and to meet other Old Believers.
By and large, Lykova prefers her life in the Taiga to life in the larger towns or cities. She claims that the air and water outside of the Taiga makes her sick. She also said that she finds the busy roads frightening. In 2011 Agafia formally re-joined Belokrinitskaya branch of Russian Old Believers Orthodox Church [] during a visit by Metropolitam Korniliy (Titov) coincidental with her 69th birthday.[] In 2014, she wrote a letter that was published online, requesting anyone to come to her home to be her helper as her "health is waning". She claimed in that letter to have "a lump on [her] right breast", a possible sign that she has developed cancer.
In January 2016, it was reported that Lykova was airlifted to a hospital due to leg pain. Agafia was treated at a hospital in Tashtagol, and planned to return to the wilderness once emergency services were able to airlift her home.
During her talks with Peskov, Lykova told him she was married to someone during one of her trips outside of the taiga. No further information was offered.
For 18 years, Lykova had a neighbour, Yerofei Sedov (one of the geologists who visited the area). Sedov told Vice journalists that he came to the Taiga to help Lykova. Due to his old age and disability, however, he heavily relied on Lykova for food and firewood throughout his stay. While the two were generally on friendly terms, there were two occasions where Lykova says that Sedov threatened her and "committed sins." She did not elaborate as to what these sins were. Sedov died on 3 May 2015, at the age of 77.
- Dash, M. (29 January 2013). For forty years, this Russian family was cut off from all human contact, unaware of World War II.. The Smithsonian.
- Martin, J. (2 April 2013). Meet the last Lykov. Vice Magazine.
- Lykova, Agafia. "Agafia's letter to Old Believers". RT Documentary Channel. RT. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
- Peskov, V. (1994). Lost in the Taiga: One Russian family's 50 year struggle for survival and religious freedom in the Siberian wilderness. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. ISBN 0385472099
- Vice. (1 April 2013). on YouTube.
- Luhn, Alec (15 January 2016). "Siberian hermit airlifted to hospital over leg pain". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
- "Russian hermit to return to Siberian wilderness after hospital stint". the Guardian. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
- "Friend to reclusive hermit dies leaving Old Believer all alone again in taiga". Siberian Times. Retrieved 5 April 2016.