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|Elevation||505 m (1,657 ft)|
|• Official||Hindi and Malwi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-MP|
|Nearest city||Ujjain, Indore, Jhalawar, Dewas.|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Dewas-Shajapur|
Agar is a town with a municipal government in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters for the Agar Malwa District which was formed in 2013 from a part of Shajapur District. The town is situated along the Indore—Kota SH-27 highway.
Agar was the capital of the Parmar Kingdom during the 10th century along with Avantika (Ujjain), then it was the most popular visiting place of Mughal kingdom when Mandu was its capital. The Mughals liked to spend summer vacations there because the temperature during summer nights was very low compared to other areas in the region. During the Sindia state a number of palaces were built which today are used for city court and for other government offices.
As of 2001[update] India census, In the 2001 census, Agar had a population of 31,202, where males constituted 51.8% of the population and females 48.2%. In the 2011 census the population had grown to 50,000. Males now constituted 52% of the population and females 48%.
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Agar is a tourist attraction, famous for the temple of Jai Baba Baijnath, which was built by the wife of a British Lt. Colonel after a battle in Afghanistan in 1879 where his life was miraculously saved, allegedly, by Lord Shiva's intervention.
The city has two lakes, Moti Sagar (bada talab) and Ratna Sagar (ratodia talab), which account for the large amount of water in the city. There is also a dam on the Kalisindh River, the Parsukheri dam; two other dams are Pipliya Kumar dam and Tillar dam.
Some notable areas are the Gufa Barda (Tulja Bhawani mandir), Kewada Swami (Kal Bhairav mandir), Kamal Kundi, Ganesh Temple (Nr.Bada Talab) and Bade Ganeshji, Tulja Bhawani mandir, ranchod mandir, and Gopal mandir.
A temple of Lord Krishna (also known as Haveli), which has been served by a Hindu Kayastha family for around four hundred years, is also very famous among the locals.
Agar is famous for its red soil. This red soil is found only in Agar and limited to about 1–2 km outside of it.
Banyan trees, some of them many, many years old, are found in Agar Malwa.
Agar Malwa is also famous for Sri Rani Sati Dadi Ji's Temple and Chintaharan Ganesh Mandir Temple at Bada Talab. Worshippers throng to the Chintaharan Ganesh Mandir Temple because the deity here is traditionally known as Chintaharan Ganesh, meaning "the assurer of freedom from worldly anxieties".
The nearest airport is Devi Aahilya Bai Holkar Airport, Indore. The nearest railway station is Ujjain.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004.