|Monastery of Agarak
|Armenian Apostolic Church
|Ekrek, Iĝdir province, Turkey
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The monastery of Agarak was founded by Nerses Shinarar, Catholicos of Armenia, sometime between 649-653 A.D. The town of Agarak (later renamed to Ekrek) was in the Surmalu uezd of the Erivan Governorate during the period of Russian rule of Armenia, until the government was dissolved in 1918. In 1920, the Armenian archaeologist Ashkharbek Kalantar visited Agarak and documented the site in detail. He recorded numerous medieval khachkars and a stele, depicting a figure holding a miniature basilica. None of these khachkars or monuments survive, and the monastery was destroyed in the 1920s.
The monastery consisted of two churches: a domed quatrefoil church, and a single-naved church. The domed church was named Sourb Stephanos, and had a tiled conical roof; it was probably built around 650 AD. The single-naved church was likely an earlier construction than the domed church, built in the 5th or 6th century.