Agaricus silvicola

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Agaricus silvicola
Agaricus silvicola father and son.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Agaricaceae
Genus: Agaricus
Species: A. silvicola
Binomial name
Agaricus silvicola
(Vittad.) Peck (1872)
Agaricus silvicola
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
gills on hymenium

cap is convex

or flat
hymenium is free
stipe has a ring
spore print is brown
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: edible

Agaricus silvicola, also known as the wood mushroom, is a species of Agaricus mushroom related to the button mushroom.

Taxonomy[edit]

Originally described as the variety Agaricus campestris var. silvicola by Carlo Vittadini in 1832, it was promoted to distinct species status by Charles Horton Peck in 1873.[1]

Description[edit]

The cap is light cream, and bruises yellow ochre when damaged. It is 5–10 centimetres (2.0–3.9 in) in diameter, which makes it slightly smaller than its close relative Agaricus arvensis, the "horse mushroom". The stem is long, slim, and usually has a bulbous base. It is much the same colour as the cap, and has a fragile drooping ring. The flesh is thin and white, and smells of aniseed.[2] It looks fairly similar to a young death cap, it is believed by some mycologists.[3]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Agaricus silvicola grows in both deciduous and coniferous woodland in Britain, Europe, and North America.[4] Appearing in the autumn, it is rarely seen in huge numbers, usually just a few, or solitary.[2]

Edibility[edit]

It is edible and popular in Europe.[5][6] It is suspected to have caused an allergic reaction in a few people in North America.[3]

Similar species[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Agaricus silvicola (Vittad.) Peck". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved November 11, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Roger Phillips (2006). Mushrooms. Pan MacMillan. ISBN 0-330-44237-6. 
  3. ^ a b "California Fungi—Agaricus silvicola". Retrieved January 18, 2008. 
  4. ^ Arora, David (1986). Mushrooms Demystified. Ten Speed Press. ISBN 0-89815-169-4. 
  5. ^ "Agaricus sylvicola (Vittad.) Peck". Retrieved January 18, 2008. 
  6. ^ "Agaricus silvicola (Vittad.) Peck (1887)". Retrieved January 18, 2008. 

External links[edit]