Agathangelus of Constantinople

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Agathangelus
Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople
Patriarxis agathaggelos.jpg
ChurchChurch of Constantinople
DioceseConstantinople
SeeEcumenical Patriarchate
InstalledOctober 8, 1826
Term endedJuly 17, 1830
PredecessorChrysanthus
SuccessorConstantius I
Personal details
Born1769
near Edirne
Died1832
Edirne
DenominationEastern Orthodox Church
OccupationEcumenical Patriarch

Agathangelus (Greek: Αγαθάγγελος), (1769 – 1832) was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople during the period 1826-1830.

He was born in a village near Edirne, which helped accuse him of being of Bulgarian descent.[1] There he was first educated. He became a monk in the Iviron Monastery of Mount Athos. About 1800 he became priest of the Greek community of Moscow. On November 1815 he was elected Metropolitan bishop of Belgrade and on August 1825 metropolitan bishop of Chalcedon. On 26 September in 1826, after Chrystanthus was deposed and exiled, Agathangelus was elected Patriarch of Constantinople.

He was one of the most educated Patriarchs of his time. He spoke Greek, Turkish, Bulgarian, Russian and French. His reign was associated with certain actions which lowered his prestige and caused heated reactions. The first was his involvement in the Greek War of Independence in 1827, when some of the chieftains of Central Greece asked for his intercession with Sultan Mahmud II so that they would be amnestied. Agathangelus, on the Sultan's order, sent a deputation to the Ioannis Kapodistrias, asking that the Greeks submit to the Sultan, an act which tainted his reputation as anti-ethnic. Along with his involvement in the election of the Patriarch of Jerusalem, which was attributed to bribe, economical and administrative instabilities led to his deposition on 5 July 1830.

After that he was exiled to Kayseri and later to Edirne, where he died in 1832.

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Χαμχούγιας Χρήστος, Ο Οικουμενικός Πατριάρχης Κωνσταντινουπόλεως Γρηγόριος ΣΤ' ο Φουρτουνιάδης εν μέσω εθνικών και εθνοφυλετικών ανταγωνισμών, διδακτορική διατριβή, Αριστοτέλειο Πανεπιστήμιο Θεσσαλονίκης (ΑΠΘ), Θεολογική Σχολή, Τμήμα Ποιμαντικής και Κοινωνικής Θεολογίας, 2006, p. 20
Religious titles
Preceded by
Chrysanthus
Patriarch of Constantinople
1826–1830
Succeeded by
Constantius I
Preceded by
?
Metropolitan of Chalcedon
August 1825–1826
Succeeded by
?
Preceded by
Dionysius II
Metropolitan of Belgrade
1815–1825
Succeeded by
Cyril