Agathon Rwasa

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Agathon Rwasa
Personal details
Born10 January 1964
Ngozi Province, Burundi
Political partyNational Liberation Forces (1988-present)

Agathon Rwasa is a Burundian politician and the leader of the National Liberation Forces (Forces pour la Libération Nationale, FNL). He was a Hutu militia leader during the Burundi Civil War.

Rwasa was reported to be a Born-again Christian.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Born to Hutu parents on January 10, 1964 in Ngozi (North), Rwasa is the seventh child in the family of 14 children. He attended primary and secondary education in his native province. At the age of 20, he was appointed head of the association of young intellectuals. After graduating from the University of Burundi, he was wanted by the government like most other Hutu intellectuals in the region. He was responsible for the gatumba massacre that resulted in 166 members of a tutsi minority killed.[2]

Political career[edit]

From a member of the political bureau, he quickly rose to become the leader of the National Liberation Forces (FNL). After 20 years in the bush, he returned home in 2008.

The FNL has also been accused of using hundreds of child soldiers, and for killing and maiming women, children and babies.[3][4]

In September 2006 the FNL signed a peace deal with the government.[5]

In June 2010, Rwasa went into hiding, claiming he was facing arrest for allegedly destabilising the country following district elections. However, Burundi's attorney general stated that there is no warrant out for Rwasa.[6]

In July 2015, he was elected as the deputy speaker of the Parliament of Burundi.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Young lions of the African Century Archived 2007-06-20 at the Wayback Machine., ANC, 2004-08-20, accessed on 2007-07-07
  2. ^ "Agathon Rwasa : 5 choses à savoir sur cet opposant burundais au long passé de chef de guerre" (in French). Jeune Afrique.
  3. ^ Developments in Burundi Archived July 16, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., Office of the UN Special Representative for Children in Armed Conflict, 2006-11-06
  4. ^ "U.N. Demands Justice After Massacre of 150 Refugees in Burundi". The New York Times. 2004-08-16. Retrieved 2009-06-29.
  5. ^ Burundi govt, FNL sign ceasefire agreement Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine., SABC, 2006-09-07, accessed on 2007-07-07
  6. ^ Burundi opposition leader in hiding . English Al Jazeera. 30 June 2010.
  7. ^ "Burundi's opposition leader Rwasa becomes deputy speaker". BBC News. 30 July 2015.

External links[edit]