Agave salmiana

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Agave salmiana
Agave salmiana - San Francisco Botanical Garden - DSC09789.JPG
Agave salmiana in San Francisco Botanical Garden
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Genus: Agave
Species: A. salmiana
Binomial name
Agave salmiana
Otto ex Salm-Dyck[1]
Synonyms[2][3]
  • Agave atrovirens var. salmiana (Otto ex Salm-Dyck) Maire & Weiller
  • Agave atrovirens var. sigmatophylla A. Berger
  • Agave chinensis F.P.Sm.
  • Agave coarctata Jacobi
  • Agave cochlearis Jacobi
  • Agave compluviata Trel.
  • Agave dyckii H.Jacobsen
  • Agave jacobiana Salm-Dyck
  • Agave lehmannii Jacobi
  • Agave mitraeformis Jacobi
  • Agave quiotifera Trel. ex Ochot.
  • Agave salmiana var. cochlearis (Jacobi) A.Terracc.
  • Agave tehuacanensis Karw. ex Salm-Dyck
  • Agave whitackeri H.Jacobsen

Agave salmiana is a species of the family Agavaceae, native to central and southern Mexico. It is also reportedly naturalized in South Africa and in the Canary Islands.[4][5]

This species, also called Agave of Salm or Salm-Dick, is dedicated to the German prince and botanist Joseph zu Salm-Reifferscheidt-Dyck (1773-1861).

Description[edit]

A. Salmiana var. ferox flowering in Germany

A. Salmiana presents a spiral-shaped rosette with large flared and erect leaves. These leaves are thick, dark green with a large sting at the tip and strong spines on the edges. When a leaf has unfolded, it leaves an imprint on the leaf underneath.

Like most agaves, the species is monocarpic, that is to say it only flowers once and then dies. This flowering occurs after 15 to 25 years in the form of a vertical floral stem, typically up to 4 m (13 ft) long and bearing greenish-yellow flowers. The largest specimens have been significantly taller. One specimen growing at the Strawberry Canyon Botanical Garden on the campus of U. C. Berkeley, Berkeley, California in 1974 produced an inflorescence with a total height of 52 feet (16 m) of which the scape or peduncle was about 39' 4" (12 m) and the panicle per se was 13 feet (4 m)[6] Hermann J.H. Jacobsen states that the inflorescence of A. salmiana has reached an overall height of 62 feet (19 m),[7] making the inflorescence of A. salmiana the tallest of any known species of plant.

The elderly plants reach 1.8 m height and the leaves are in a 3.6 m diameter circle.

The variety A. salmiana var. ferox (K.Koch) Gentry[1] is often encountered in cultivation. The epithet ferox is due to the hard and long (up to 8 cm) spines.

Distribution[edit]

Originally from southern and central Mexico, it was introduced into gardens of Mediterranean climate in Europe and sometimes escaped into the wild.

Cultivation[edit]

Cultivation is easy in a well-drained sandy soil with sunny exposure. For a pot culture, it requires a container of very large size to remain in an harmonious appearance. It can be used to fix a slope.

It can withstand a light frost if it is completely dry.

It is multiplied more easily by planting shoots than by seedlings.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2011-09-26 , search for "Agave salmiana"
  2. ^ Tropicos Agave salmiana
  3. ^ The Plant List, Agave salmiana
  4. ^ Salm-Reifferscheid-Dyck, Joseph Franz Maria Anton Hubert. Bonplandia 7: 88. 1859.
  5. ^ Howard Scott Gentry, Agaves of Continental North America (University of Arizona Press, 1982) pp. 183-1850
  6. ^ Norris and Ross McWhirter, GUINNESS BOOK OF WORLD RECORDS (New York: Sterling Pub. Co., 1989 edit.) p. 75. And a letter from Bruce Bartholomew, Curator of the Strawberry Canyon Botanic Garden.
  7. ^ Hermann Jacobsen, HANDBOOK OF SUCCULENT PLANTS (London: Blandford Press, 1960) Vol. 1 p. 118.

External links[edit]

This article incorporates information from this version of the equivalent article on the French Wikipedia.