The area is currently being used as a buffer zone by NKR forces. United Nations Security Council Resolution 853, adopted on 29 July 1993, condemned "the seizure of the district of Agdam and of all other recently occupied areas of the Azerbaijani Republic", and demanded unconditional withdrawal of occupying forces.
1989: 131,293, according to the last Soviet census, the last census able to record the entire rayon, though, with the Nagorno-Karabakh War starting in 1988, it is unknown how well the area could have been surveyed. The last census indisputably able to take a full counting of the area was in 1979, figures are not presently available. The rayon's area was increased after the dissolution of USSR from 1,093 to 1,150 km2.
2009: 175,400, according to the preliminary results of the most recent census of Azerbaijan. The western part of the rayon is not controlled by Azerbaijani government; the figures are estimated.
IDP's from Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounding occupied regions were moved to Agdam rayon from tent settlements around the country. The IDPs live in new houses built by the government.