Agdash District

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Ağdaş
Map of Azerbaijan showing Agdash Rayon
Map of Azerbaijan showing Agdash Rayon
CountryAzerbaijan
CapitalAğdaş
Area
 • Total1,050 km2 (410 sq mi)
Population
 (2009 census)
 • Total98,600
 • Density94/km2 (240/sq mi)
Postal code
0300
Telephone code(+994) 20[1]

Agdash (Azerbaijani: Ağdaş) is a rayon in central Azerbaijan. The Agdash rayon consists of Leki settlement and 72 villages. This rayon has a favorable economic and geographic location. Turyan River and Kura River along South-West border extend through the territory of the rayon. Upper Shirvan Channel also crosses Agdash region. This area is surrounded by Tugay forests along Kura river bank, and Turyanchay State Preservation to the north.

Agdash city was established in 16th century located at Eresh on the silk road. The city located at convenient geographic place having propitious weather conditions such as mild and dry subtropical climate. The Turianchay River, the Kur river and the Shirvan Canal crosses the territory. There are unique Tugay forests along the Kur, which end in Turyanchay State Reserve. Also there are beautiful gardens in Agdash. The territory of the region mainly consists of the plain, low mountain chain Bozdag, of about 700 m height located on the north part.

Population[edit]

Population Agdash 93,100, Azerbaijanis make the basic population (98%) of the area Agdash and of the basic population of city Agdash. Other ethnic groups such as the Lezghins, the Kurds, the Tats make up the other 2% of the Agdash rayon's population. The average population density in the city equals to 91 persons per square km.

Towns and Regions 2011 2012 [2]
Total Men Women Total Men Women
Agdash district 100,6 50,0 50,6 102,3 50,8 51,5
Agdash city 33,2 16,1 17,1 33,5 16,3 17,2
Villages 29,4 14,2 15,2 29,6 14,4 15,2

According to the State Statistics Committee, as of 2018, the population of city recorded 108,700 persons, which increased by 18,700 persons (about 20.7 persent) from 90,000 persons in 2000.[3] 54,200 of total population are men, 54,500 are women.[4] More than 26,5 percent of the population (about 28,900 persons) consists of young people and teenagers aged 14–29.[5]

The population of the district by the year (at the beginning of the year, thsd. persons) [3]
Region 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Agdash region 90,0 91,0 91,7 92,4 93,3 94,4 95,5 96,6 97,5 98,4 99,3 100,6 102,3 103,3 104,4 105,5 106,7 107,9 108,7
urban population 27,1 27,8 28,4 29,0 29,7 30,4 31,1 31,6 32,2 32,8 33,0 33,2 33,5 33,7 35,3 35,5 35,8 36,0 36,2
rural population 62,9 63,2 63,3 63,4 63,6 64,0 64,4 65,0 65,3 65,6 66,3 67,4 68,8 69,6 69,1 70,0 70,9 71,9 72,5

Economy[edit]

The core economy of the region is agriculture. Cotton-growing has started to evolve since 19th century. The region has a potential of producing 20–25 tonnes of cotton. Moreover, in recent years it has become a priority to develop rice-paddy growing in extreme salinity sites. Silk-worm breeding is considered to be one of the ancient and traditional fields at the region.[6]

The industry is relatively developed in the rayon. The main industrial sector of the rayon is processing. Leki Ginning Factory produces seedless raw cotton which provides 75–85% of all regional industrial production. In addition to that, the region has a developed plastic material and textile industry (Khosrov Metalplastmas Plant, Agdash Industrial Plant), food industry (Agdash Bread-Making Plant, Agdash Foodstuffs Plant) and production of construction materials (Kukel Brick Plant). Recently, “Orelay” and “FA com BICA” sweets production enterprises, “Arash” cooling water and “Arshin Malchin” textile plants have been put into operation in the region.[7]

The region runs education, health, social, recreational and public catering facilities.[8][9]

Media[edit]

Two newspapers – “Agdash” and “Young Educators” are published in the district. The first issue of "Agdash" newspaper was published on the 7th of January in 1932 under the title "Aghdash cottonman". Newspaper was distributed in Ganja under the names “Aghdash cottonman” in 1932–1937 years, “Combating for cotton” in 1938-1962, "New life" covering Agdash, Goychay, Gabala, Ujar, Kurdamir districts in 1962-1966, afterward during 1966–2003 years it was published in Goychay as "Labor". The newspaper is distributed under the title "Agdash" from November 16, 2003. From 1938 to 1968, the editor of the newspapers "Combating for cotton" and "Labor" was Karim Abdullayev. The newspaper celebrated its annivercaries four times the 25th years in 1957, the 50th years in 1983, the 70th years in 2002 and the75th years in 2007. In 1983, the newspaper was granted the Honorary Order of the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan. A group of newspaper laborers were granted diplomas and honorary decrees of the Journalists' Union of Azerbaijan and got the honorary decree of the district party committee in 1983. Two of the editors of the newspaper, Fikret Hajiyev and Fariz Rustamov, were granted the title of “Honored Writer” and the "Golden Pen" prize. The newspaper "Labor" has the satirical corner of "Zarabrin" and the scholarly association "Tər çiçəklər". The newspaper is distributed twice a month. The "Youthful Teacher" newspaper is the body of Agdash State Humanitarian College and has been distributed since 2000. The newspaper is published once a month.[10]

Infrastructure[edit]

The Baku-Qazakh highway, the Baku-Tbilisi railway, the Mingachevir-Baku power line, the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan and Baku-Supsa oil pipelines, the Baku–Erzurum Pipeline pass through the region. [11]

There are 5 substations and 277 transformers in Agdash district to provide the population with electricity. Natural gas supply has been established in 39 settlements. There is 3 water purification station in the area, artesian wells were drilled in 34 villages by the state. In 2009-2013, 31 subartezian wells were drilled and put into operation for irrigation. In 2013, 27 settlements of the district were provided with telephone communications. There are 32 post offices in the area in 2018. [12] [13]

See also[edit]

Administrative divisions of Azerbaijan

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Şəhərlərarası telefon kodları". Aztelekom MMC. Aztelekom İB. Retrieved 19 August 2015. (in Azerbaijani)
  2. ^ "According to the State Statistical Committee "Size of population by sex, towns and regions, urban settlements of the Republic of Azerbaijan at the beginning of 2000-2016 (thsd persons)"".
  3. ^ a b "Political division, population size and structure: Population by towns and regions of the Republic of Azerbaijan". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 2018-12-18.
  4. ^ "Political division, population size and structure: Population by sex, towns and regions, urban settlements of the Republic of Azerbaijan at the beginning of the 2018". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 2018-12-18.
  5. ^ "Political division, population size and structure: Population at age 14-29 by towns and regions of the Republic of Azerbaijan at the beginning of the 2018". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 2018-12-18.
  6. ^ "Central town of Agdash". news. crosswalk.
  7. ^ Economic Characteristics
  8. ^ General Information About Education in Agdash
  9. ^ General Information About Agdash
  10. ^ "Agdash District". Executive Authority of Agdash District of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
  11. ^ "Ağdaş rayonu". National Encyclopedia of Azerbaijan. Azərbaycan. Bakı: Azərbaycan Milli Ensiklopediyası. Mahmud Karimov. 2007.(in Azerbaijani)
  12. ^ "İnfrastruktur - AĞCABƏDİ RAYON İcra Hakimiyyəti". agcabedi-ih.gov.az. Retrieved 2019-05-20.
  13. ^ "Ağdaş rayonu". National Encyclopedia of Azerbaijan. I. Bakı: Azərbaycan Milli Ensiklopediyası. M. K. Kərimov. 2009.(in Azerbaijani)

Coordinates: 40°38′N 47°28′E / 40.633°N 47.467°E / 40.633; 47.467