Age of candidacy laws in the United States

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This article delineates the age of candidacy laws of the federal government and individual states of the United States.

Federal government[edit]

State government[edit]

State Governor Upper House Lower House Lieutenant Governor Attorney General Secretary of State Treasurer
Alabama 30 25 21 30 25 25 25
Alaska 30 25 21 30 18* N.A. 18*
Arizona 25 25 25 N.A. 25 25 25
Arkansas 30 25 21 30 18* 18* 18
California 18* 30* 18* 18* 18* 18* 18*
Colorado 30 25 25 30 25 25 25
Connecticut 30 None None 30 18 None 18*
Delaware 30 27 24 30 None None None
Florida 30 21 21 30 30 None 25
Georgia 30 25 21 30 25 25 18*
Hawaii 30 25 18 30 None N.A. None
Idaho 30 18* 18* 30 30 25 25
Illinois 25[1] 21 21 25[1] 25 25 25
Indiana 30 25 21 30 None 18*
Iowa 30 25 21 30 18 18*
Kansas None 18* 18* None None None
Kentucky 30[2] 30 24[2] 30 30 30 30
Louisiana 25 30 18 25 25 25 25
Maine 30 25* 21* N.A. None None
Maryland 30[3] 25[3] 21[3] 30[3] 18* 18*
Massachusetts 18[4] 18 18 18* 18 18 18
Michigan 30[5] 21[5] 21[5] 30[5] None 18*
Minnesota 25 21 21 25[6] 21 21
Mississippi 30 25 21 30 26 25 25
Missouri 30 30 24 30 None None
Montana 30 None None 25 25 25
Nebraska 30 21 N.A. 30 None None
Nevada 25 21 21 25 18* 18* 18*
New Hampshire 30[7] 30[7] 18[7] N.A. 18* 18*
New Jersey 30 30 21 30 None None
New Mexico 30 25 21 30 30 30 30
New York 30[8] 18[8] 18[8] 30[8] 30 None 30
North Carolina 30[9] 21[10] 21[11] 30[9] None 21 21
North Dakota 30 18* 18* 30 25 25 25
Ohio 18 18 18 None 18 18 18
Oklahoma 31[12] 25[12] 21[12] 31 31 31 31
Oregon 30 21 21 N.A. None None
Pennsylvania 30 25 21 30 30 None None
Rhode Island 18 18 18 18 18 18 18
South Carolina 30[13] 25[14] 21[14] 30 18* 18*
South Dakota 21 21 21 21 None None
Tennessee 30 30 21[15] 30† None None
Texas 30 26 21 30 18 18* 18*
Utah 25 25 25 30 25 N.A. 25
Vermont None None None None None None
Virginia 30[16] 21[17] 21[17] 30 30 18* 18*
Washington 18* 18* 18* 18* 18* 18* 18
West Virginia 30 18 18 N.A. 25 18* 18
Wisconsin 18 18 18 18* 18* 18* 18
Wyoming 30 25 21 N.A. 18* 25 25

* Qualified elector/registered voter requirement.
† State Senate membership requirement.
N.A. implies that such a position does not exist in that state.

Alaska[edit]

  • Any public office: at least 18 (qualified voter requirement)[18]

Arizona[edit]

  • Any public officer: at least 18[19]

California[edit]

  • Mayor: at least 18 (qualified voter requirement)[20]

Colorado[edit]

  • Any public office: at least 18[21]

Connecticut[edit]

  • Municipal officer: at least 18 (qualified voter requirement)

Georgia[edit]

  • Any public office: at least 18 (qualified voter requirement)[22]

Hawaii[edit]

  • Neighborhood Board Member: 18

Idaho[edit]

  • Mayor: at least 18 (qualified voter requirement)[23]

Illinois[edit]

  • Comptroller: 25[1]

Indiana[edit]

  • Mayor: 18 (qualified voter requirement)[24]

Iowa[edit]

  • Any elected office: 18 (qualified voter requirement)[25]

Louisiana[edit]

  • Treasurer: 25
  • School Board Member: 18

Maryland[edit]

  • Circuit Court Judge: 30[3]
  • County Sheriff: 25[3]
  • Other county offices: vary according to local law[3]
  • Any public office: at least 18 (qualified voter requirement)[26]

Massachusetts[edit]

  • Most offices: 18

Michigan[edit]

  • State Court Justice: less than 70[27]
  • Any county or local office: 18

Minnesota[edit]

  • Many offices: 21[28]

Montana[edit]

  • Mayor: at least 21[29]

Nebraska[edit]

  • Mayor: at least 18[30]

Nevada[edit]

  • Any public office: 18 (qualified voter requirement)[31]

New Mexico[edit]

  • Most offices: 18 (qualified elector requirement)[32]

New York[edit]

  • Comptroller: 30[8]

North Carolina[edit]

  • Many offices: 21[11]
  • Municipal offices: 18 (qualified voter requirement) [33]

North Dakota[edit]

  • Mayor/council: 18 (qualified voter requirement)[34]

Oklahoma[edit]

  • State, county, and municipal public offices: at least 18 (qualified voter requirement)[35]

Oregon[edit]

  • Sheriff: 21
  • Other county and local offices: 18[36]
  • Justice of the Peace: 18

Pennsylvania[edit]

  • Mayors of Third-Class Cities: 18[37]

Rhode Island[edit]

  • Any elected office: 18 (qualified voter requirement)[38]

South Carolina[edit]

South Dakota[edit]

  • Public Utilities Commissioner: 25
  • Mayor/alderman: at least 18 (qualified voter requirement)[40]

Tennessee[edit]

  • Supreme Court Judge: 35
  • Other state judges: 30
  • County mayor/county executive: 30
  • Sheriff: 25
  • Constable: 21
  • County School Board Member: 18 (registered voter requirement)

Texas[edit]

  • Comptroller: None
  • Any public office: at least 18 (qualified voter requirement) [41]

Vermont[edit]

  • Town officials: at least 18 (qualified voter requirement)[42]

Virginia[edit]

  • Any office: at least 18 (qualified voter requirement)[43]

Washington[edit]

  • Any office: at least 18 (qualified voter requirement)[44]

Wisconsin[edit]

  • Any city office: at least 18 (qualified voter requirement)[45]

Wyoming[edit]

  • Any municipal office: at least 18 (qualified voter requirement)[46]

Local government[edit]

Many states require elected municipal officers to be at least 18 years of age or be a registered voter in the city thereof. Montana requires mayors to be at least 21 years of age.

As of November 2016, most U.S. cities with populations exceeding 200,000 required their mayor to be a registered voter in the city thereof or at least 18 years of age. Here are the following exceptions:

  • 30 Years: Denver, CO; Honolulu, HI; Memphis, TN; Nashville, TN; St. Louis, MO
  • 25 Years: Baltimore, MD; Colorado Springs, CO; Columbus, GA; Glendale, AZ; Kansas City, MO; Omaha, NE; Philadelphia, PA; Washington, DC
  • 21 Years: Louisville, KY, Oklahoma City, OK; Aurora, CO
  • 19 Years: Hialeah, FL (qualified voter requirement + 1 year of residence)
  • No Age Minimum Listed or Implied: Baton Rouge, LA; Minneapolis, MN; Pittsburgh, PA; Saint Paul, MN; Wichita, KS; Jersey City, NJ; Buffalo, NY; Yonkers, NY
  • Data unavailable: Birmingham, AL; Newark, NJ

Baltimore[edit]

  • City Comptroller, and City Council President: 25[3]
  • City Council Member: 21[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Article V, Section 3". Constitution of the State of Illinois. Illinois General Assembly. December 15, 1970. Retrieved December 6, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b http://www.lrc.ky.gov/legresou/constitu/072.htm
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i http://www.elections.state.md.us/candidacy/qualifications.html
  4. ^ https://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/elepdf/Candidates-Guide-generic.pdf
  5. ^ a b c d "Article V, Section 22" (PDF). Michigan Constitution. State of Michigan. Retrieved December 6, 2012. 
  6. ^ http://www.house.leg.state.mn.us/cco/rules/mncon/Article5.htm, Section 2
  7. ^ a b c http://www.nh.gov/constitution/governor.html, Article 42
  8. ^ a b c d e http://www.elections.ny.gov/RunningOffice.html
  9. ^ a b "Article III, Section 2". North Carolina Constitution. North Carolina General Assembly. Retrieved April 2, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Article II, Section 6". North Carolina Constitution. North Carolina General Assembly. Retrieved April 2, 2012. 
  11. ^ a b "Article VI, Section 6". North Carolina Constitution. North Carolina General Assembly. Retrieved April 2, 2012. 
  12. ^ a b c http://oklegal.onenet.net/okcon/VI-3.html
  13. ^ "Article IV, Section 2". South Carolina Constitution. South Carolina Legislature. Retrieved April 2, 2012. 
  14. ^ a b "Article III, Section 7". South Carolina Constitution. South Carolina Legislature. Archived from the original on March 4, 2012. Retrieved April 2, 2012. 
  15. ^ http://www.state.tn.us/sos/bluebook/05-06/46-tnconst.pdf
  16. ^ http://law.lis.virginia.gov/constitution/article5/section3/
  17. ^ a b http://law.lis.virginia.gov/constitution/article4/section4/
  18. ^ http://codes.findlaw.com/ak/title-15-elections/ak-st-sect-15-25-180.html, Title 15
  19. ^ http://www.azleg.gov/viewdocument/?docName=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.azleg.gov%2Fars%2F38%2F00201.htm
  20. ^ http://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes_displaySection.xhtml?lawCode=GOV&sectionNum=34904.&article=3.&highlight=true&keyword=mayor+elector+voter, Article 3. Elective Mayor
  21. ^ http://web.lexisnexis.com/research/retrieve?_m=9e9836b085fa7b5a93b79ba47973ff6a&csvc=toc2doc&cform=searchForm&_fmtstr=FULL&docnum=1&_startdoc=1&wchp=dGLbVzk-zSkAb&_md5=2a867ad9288cad190ba5e150c582f536
  22. ^ http://law.justia.com/codes/georgia/2015/title-21/chapter-2/article-4/part-1/section-21-2-132/, 21-2-132f
  23. ^ http://law.justia.com/codes/idaho/2016/title-50/chapter-6/section-50-601
  24. ^ http://iga.in.gov/legislative/laws/2013/ic/titles/003/articles/008/chapters/001/pdf, Article 8. Candidates
  25. ^ https://www.legis.iowa.gov/docs/code/2017/39.27.pdf
  26. ^ http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/2017RS/Statute_Web/gel/gel.pdf, Maryland Election Law 5-301
  27. ^ "Article VI, Section 21" (PDF). Michigan Constitution. State of Michigan. Retrieved December 6, 2012. 
  28. ^ http://www.sos.state.mn.us/election-administration-campaigns/become-a-candidate/candidate-qualifications/, Candidate Qualifications
  29. ^ http://leg.mt.gov/bills/mca/title_0070/chapter_0040/part_0430/section_0010/0070-0040-0430-0010.html
  30. ^ http://nebraskalegislature.gov/laws/statutes.php?statute=17-107
  31. ^ https://www.leg.state.nv.us/nrs/NRS-281.html#NRS281Sec010, NRS 281.040
  32. ^ http://public.nmcompcomm.us/nmpublic/gateway.dll/?f=templates&fn=default.htm
  33. ^ http://www.ncleg.net/EnactedLegislation/Statutes/PDF/BySection/Chapter_163/GS_163-294.2.pdf, North Carolina Statutes Chapter 163
  34. ^ http://www.legis.nd.gov/cencode/t40c08.pdf#nameddest=40-08-14
  35. ^ https://www.oscn.net/applications/oscn/DeliverDocument.asp?CiteID=438654
  36. ^ https://www.oregonlegislature.gov/bills_laws/ors/ors249.html, Chapter 249
  37. ^ http://codes.findlaw.com/pa/title-11-pacsa-cities/pa-csa-sect-11-11201.html, Title 11
  38. ^ http://webserver.rilin.state.ri.us/Statutes/TITLE17/17-14/17-14-1.HTM, Rhode Island 17-14-1
  39. ^ "Article V, Section 15". South Carolina Constitution. South Carolina Legislature. Retrieved April 2, 2012. 
  40. ^ http://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&Statute=9-8-1.1
  41. ^ http://www.statutes.legis.state.tx.us/DocViewer.aspx?DocKey=GV%2fGV.601&Phrases=qualified%7cvoter&HighlightType=1&ExactPhrase=False&QueryText=qualified+voter
  42. ^ http://legislature.vermont.gov/statutes/section/17/055/02646
  43. ^ http://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode/24.2-500/
  44. ^ http://app.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=29A.24.075
  45. ^ https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/statutes/statutes/62
  46. ^ http://legisweb.state.wy.us/NXT/gateway.dll/2016%20Wyoming%20Statutes/2016%20Titles/1195/1234/1237?f=templates$fn=document-frameset.htm$q=%5Brank%3A%5Bsum%3A%5Bstem%3Aqualified%5D%5Bstem%3Avoter%5D%5D%5D$x=server$3.0#LPHit1, Article 3 - Nominations