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Agelaius phoeniceus 0123.JPG
A male (Agelaius phoeniceus) while flying
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Icteridae
Genus: Agelaius
Vieillot, 1816

See text

Agelaius is a genus of blackbirds in the New World family Icteridae. Established by Louis Jean Pierre Vieillot in 1816, it contains five species:[1]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Agelaius phoeniceus by Brian Gratwicke (cropped).jpg Agelaius phoeniceus Red-winged blackbird North and much of Central America
Agelaius assimilis Red-shouldered blackbird Cuba
Blackbird tricolored male summer california monte-m-taylor.jpg Agelaius tricolor Tricolored blackbird Pacific coast of North America, from Northern California in the U.S. (with occasional strays into Oregon), to upper Baja California in Mexico.
Agelaius humeralis, Holguin, Cuba.jpg Agelaius humeralis Tawny-shouldered blackbird Cuba and Haiti
Yellow-shouldered Blackbird 7 Mike Morel.jpg Agelaius xanthomus Yellow-shouldered blackbird Puerto Rico

The name Agelaius comes from the Greek agelaios, meaning "gregarious".[2]



  1. ^ "ITIS Report: Agelaius". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  2. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Names. London, UK: Christopher Helm. p. 36. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.