Agencies of the European Union

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European Union
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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government
of the European Union

An agency of the European Union is a decentralised body of the European Union (EU), which is distinct from the institutions. Agencies are established to accomplish specific tasks. Each agency has its own legal personality. Some answer the need to develop scientific or technical know-how in certain fields, others bring together different interest groups to facilitate dialogue at European and international level.

There are over 40 agencies, divided into 4 groups:[1]

Decentralised agencies[edit]

Distinct from EU institutions, the agencies of the European Union were set up to accomplish very specific tasks such as promoting environmental protection, transport safety and multilingualism. They span Europe – Dublin to Stockholm, Warsaw to Lisbon – providing services, information and know-how to the general public. Most agencies were categorised under the three pillars of the European Union, but this structure was abolished with the entry into force of the Lisbon treaty. The European Space Agency has been proposed as a future agency of the EU.[2]

Official name Abbreviation Location Member state Established Members and observers
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work EU-OSHA Arms of Bilbao.svg Bilbao Spain 1994 members: EU states, European Commission[3]
European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training Cedefop Insigne incognitum.svg Thessaloniki Greece 1975 members: EU states
observers: Iceland, Norway[4]
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions EUROFOUND Insigne Eblanae.svg Dublin Ireland 1975 members: EU states, European Commission
observers:EFTA[5]
European Environment Agency EEA Lesser coat of arms of Copenhagen.svg Copenhagen Denmark 1994 members: EU states, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland, Turkey[6]
co-operating: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia
European Institute of Innovation and Technology EIT Insigne Budapestini.svg Budapest Hungary 2010 members: EU states
European Training Foundation ETF Insigne Augustae Taurinorum.svg Turin Italy 1994 members: EU states, European Commission[7]
European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction EMCDDA Insigne Olipsionis.svg Lisbon Portugal 1993 members: EU states, European Commission, European Parliament, Norway
observers: Turkey[8]
European Medicines Agency EMA Insigne incognitum.svg London United Kingdom 1995 members: EU states, European Commission, European Parliament
observers: Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway[9]
European Union Intellectual Property Office[10] EU IPO[11] Arms of Alicante City.svg Alicante Spain 1999 members: EU states, European Commission[12]
Community Plant Variety Office CPVO Insigne incognitum.svg Angers France 1994 members: EU states, European Commission[13]
Translation Centre for the Bodies of the European Union CdT Arms of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg Luxembourg 1994 members: EU states, European Commission[14]
European Food Safety Authority EFSA Insigne incognitum.svg Parma Italy 2002
European Maritime Safety Agency EMSA Insigne Olipsionis.svg Lisbon Portugal 2002 members: EU states, European Commission, Iceland, Norway[15]
European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Wappen Koeln.svg Cologne Germany 2003 members: EU states, European Commission, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland[16]
observers: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, UNMIK[17]
European Network and Information Security Agency ENISA Insigne incognitum.svg Heraklion Greece 2005 members: EU states[18]
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control ECDC Insigne Holmiae.svg Stockholm Sweden 2005 members: EU states, European Commission, European Parliament
observers: Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway[19]
European GNSS Agency GSA Insigne Pragae.svg Prague Czech Republic 2004 members: EU states, European Commission
observers: Norway, European Space Agency[20]
European Railway Agency ERA Insigne incognitum.svg Valenciennes and Blason ville fr Lille (Nord).svg Lille France 2004 members: EU states, European Commission, Norway[21]
European Fisheries Control Agency EFCA Insigne incognitum.svg Vigo Spain 2005 members: EU states, European Commission[22]
European Chemicals Agency ECHA Insigne Helsingiae.svg Helsinki Finland 2007 members: EU states, European Commission, European Parliament
observers: Iceland, Norway[23]
European Institute for Gender Equality EIGE Insigne Vilnae.svg Vilnius Lithuania 2007 members: EU states[24]
European Defence Agency EDA Coat of Arms of Brussels.svg Brussels Belgium 2004 members: EU states without Denmark; European Commission
participant: Norway
European Institute for Security Studies ISS Insigne Lutetiae.svg Paris France 2001
European Union Satellite Centre EUSC Insigne incognitum.svg Torrejón de Ardoz Spain 2002
European Police College CEPOL Insigne Budapestini.svg Budapest Hungary 2005 members: EU states
associates: Iceland, Norway, Switzerland[25]
European Police Office Europol Blason Ville La Haye.svg The Hague The Netherlands 1999
European body for the enhancement of judicial co-operation Eurojust Blason Ville La Haye.svg The Hague The Netherlands 2002
Fundamental Rights Agency FRA Insigne Vindobonae.svg Vienna Austria 2007 members: EU states, European Commission, Council of Europe[26]
Body of European Regulators of Electronic Communications BEREC Insigne Rigae.svg Riga Latvia 2010 members: EU states, European Commission[27]
European Systemic Risk Board ESRB Insigne Francofurti.svg Frankfurt Germany 2010 [28]
Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators ACER Insigne Aemonae.svg Ljubljana Slovenia 2011
European Banking Authority EBA Insigne incognitum.svg London United Kingdom 2011 [29]
European Securities and Markets Authority ESMA Insigne Lutetiae.svg Paris France 2011 [30]
European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority EIOPA Insigne Francofurti.svg Frankfurt Germany 2011 [31]
European Asylum Support Office EASO Insigne Valettae.svg Valletta Malta 2011[32]
European Agency for the operational management of large-scale IT Systems in the area of freedom, security and justice[33] eu-LISA[34] Insigne Vindobonae.svg Tallinn[35] Estonia 2012
European Border and Coast Guard Agency EBCGA Insigne Varsoviae.svg Warsaw Poland 2016[36] members: EU states, except United Kingdom and Ireland, Schengen Area states not members of the EU

Executive agencies[edit]

Executive agencies are created by European Commission for a fixed period.

Official name Abbreviation Location
Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises EASME Brussels
Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency EACEA Brussels
Executive Agency for Health and Consumers EAHC Luxembourg
Trans-European Transport Network Executive Agency TEN-T EA Brussels
Research Executive Agency REA Brussels
European Research Council Executive Agency ERC Brussels

Euratom agencies[edit]

Official name Abbreviation Location
Euratom Supply Agency ESA Luxembourg
European Joint Undertaking for ITER and the Development of Fusion Energy F4E Barcelona

Independent bodies[edit]

Official name Abbreviation Location
European Institute of Innovation and Technology EIT Budapest
European Data Protection Supervisor EDPS Brussels
Authority for European political parties and European political foundations European Parliament

Proposed agencies[edit]

Official name Abbreviation Location Member state Established Members and observers
European Public Prosecutor's Office EPPO TBD TBD TBD members: EU states, except Denmark, United Kingdom and Ireland[37]

Former agencies[edit]

Official name Abbreviation Location Member state Established Members and observers
European Agency for Reconstruction EAR Thessaloniki Greece 2000 members: EU states, European Commission[38]
European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union Frontex Insigne Varsoviae.svg Warsaw Poland 2005

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://europa.eu/about-eu/agencies/index_en.htm
  2. ^ "ESA BR-268" (PDF). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  3. ^ "OSHA membership". Europa (web portal). 1 January 2000. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  4. ^ "Cedefop membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  5. ^ "EUROFOUND membership". Europa (web portal). 3 June 2010. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  6. ^ "EEA membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  7. ^ "ETF membership". Europa (web portal). 1 June 2009. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  8. ^ "EMCDDA membership". Europa (web portal). 10 February 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  9. ^ "EMA membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  10. ^ Former Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market
  11. ^ Former OHIM
  12. ^ "OHIM membership" (PDF). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  13. ^ "CPVO membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  14. ^ CdT membership
  15. ^ "EMSA membership". Extranet.emsa.europa.eu. 24 March 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  16. ^ "EASA members". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  17. ^ "EASA observers". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  18. ^ "ENISA membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  19. ^ "ECDC observers". Europa (web portal). Archived from the original on 25 April 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  20. ^ "GSA observers". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  21. ^ "ERA observers". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  22. ^ "CFCA membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  23. ^ "ECHA membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  24. ^ "EIGE membership". Eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  25. ^ "CEPOL membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  26. ^ "FRA membership". Europa (web portal). 15 April 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  27. ^ "About BEREC". Erg.eu.int. 25 November 2009. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  28. ^ "ESRB legal framework". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  29. ^ "EBA legal framework". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  30. ^ "ESMA legal framework". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  31. ^ "EIOPA legal framework". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  32. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/policies/agencies/agencies_intro_en.htm
  33. ^ Regulation 1077/2011 establishing a European Agency for the operational management of large-scale IT systems in the area of freedom, security and justice; http://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/policies/agencies/agencies_intro_en.htm
  34. ^ http://europa.eu/about-eu/agencies/regulatory_agencies_bodies/policy_agencies/eu-lisa/index_en.htm
  35. ^ Valentina Pop. "Estonia and France are candidates for IT agency seat". Euobserver.com. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  36. ^ "Frontex | News - European Border and Coast Guard Agency launches today". frontex.europa.eu. Retrieved 2016-10-13. 
  37. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/justice/criminal/judicial-cooperation/public-prosecutor/index_en.htm.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  38. ^ "EAR membership". Retrieved 23 April 2011. 

External links[edit]

The following links are all part of the official EU-website.

Attribution of the seat of EU agencies:

Recommended reading: