Agencies of the European Union

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An agency of the European Union is a decentralised body of the European Union (EU), which is distinct from the institutions. Agencies are established to accomplish specific tasks. Each agency has its own legal personality. Some answer the need to develop scientific or technical know-how in certain fields, others bring together different interest groups to facilitate dialogue at European and international level.

There are more than forty agencies, divided into four groups:[1]

Current agencies[edit]

Decentralised agencies[edit]

Distinct from the EU institutions, the agencies of the European Union are specialist bodies set up to advise the Institutions and Member States in areas that affect everyone living in the Union.[2] They are located in member states across the EU, from Dublin to Helsinki, Tallinn to Lisbon providing services, information, and know-how. The total budget of all the decentralised agencies is approximately 0.8% of the EU's annual budget.[3]

Official name Abbreviation Location Member state Est. Members and observers
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work EU-OSHA Bilbao  Spain 1994 members: EU states, European Commission[4]
European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training Cedefop Thessaloniki  Greece 1975 members: EU states
observers: Iceland, Norway[5]
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions EUROFOUND Dublin  Ireland 1975 members: EU states, European Commission
observers:EFTA[6]
European Environment Agency EEA Copenhagen  Denmark 1994 members: EU states, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland, Turkey[7]
co-operating: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, North Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia
European Institute of Innovation and Technology EIT Budapest  Hungary 2010 members: EU states
European Training Foundation ETF Turin  Italy 1994 members: EU states, European Commission[8]
European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction EMCDDA Lisbon  Portugal 1993 members: EU states, European Commission, European Parliament, Norway
observers: Turkey[9]
European Medicines Agency EMA Amsterdam (since 2019)

London (1995–2019)[a]

 Netherlands

(UK till 2019)[a]

1995 members: EU states, European Commission, European Parliament
observers: Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway[11]
European Union Intellectual Property Office[12] EUIPO[13] Alicante  Spain 1999 members: EU states, European Commission[14]
Community Plant Variety Office CPVO Angers  France 1994 members: EU states, European Commission[15]
Translation Centre for the Bodies of the European Union CdT Luxembourg City  Luxembourg 1994 members: EU states, European Commission[16]
European Food Safety Authority EFSA Parma  Italy 2002 members: EU states
observers European Commission, Iceland, Norway, Switzerland
European Maritime Safety Agency EMSA Lisbon  Portugal 2002 members: EU states, European Commission, Iceland, Norway[17]
European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Cologne  Germany 2003 members: EU states, European Commission, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland[18]
observers: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, North Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, UNMIK[19]
European Network and Information Security Agency ENISA Heraklion  Greece 2005 members: EU states[20]
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control ECDC Stockholm  Sweden 2005 members: EU states, European Commission, European Parliament
observers: Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway[21]
European GNSS Agency GSA Prague  Czechia 2004 members: EU states, European Commission
observers: Norway, European Space Agency[22]
European Railway Agency ERA Valenciennes and Lille  France 2004 members: EU states, European Commission, Norway[23]
European Fisheries Control Agency EFCA Vigo  Spain 2005 members: EU states, European Commission[24]
European Chemicals Agency ECHA Helsinki  Finland 2007 members: EU states, European Commission, European Parliament
observers: Iceland, Norway[25]
European Institute for Gender Equality EIGE Vilnius  Lithuania 2007 members: EU states[26]
European Defence Agency EDA Brussels  Belgium 2004 members: EU states without Denmark; European Commission
participant: Norway
European Institute for Security Studies EUISS Paris  France 2001
European Union Satellite Centre SatCen Torrejón de Ardoz  Spain 2002
The European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Training CEPOL Budapest (since 2014)

Bramshill (2005–2014)

 Hungary

(UK till 2014)

2005 members: EU states without Denmark
associates: Iceland, Norway, Switzerland[27]
European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation Europol The Hague  Netherlands 1999 members: EU states
European body for the enhancement of judicial co-operation Eurojust The Hague  Netherlands 2002 members: EU states
Fundamental Rights Agency FRA Vienna  Austria 2007 members: EU states, European Commission, Council of Europe[28]
Body of European Regulators of Electronic Communications BEREC Riga  Latvia 2010 members: EU states, European Commission[29]
European Systemic Risk Board ESRB Frankfurt  Germany 2010 [30]
Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators ACER Ljubljana  Slovenia 2011
European Banking Authority EBA Paris (since 2019)

London (2011–2019)[a]

 France

(UK till 2019)[a]

2011 [31]
European Securities and Markets Authority ESMA Paris  France 2011 [32]
European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority EIOPA Frankfurt  Germany 2011 [33]
European Asylum Support Office EASO Valletta  Malta 2011[34]
European Agency for the operational management of large-scale IT Systems in the area of freedom, security and justice[35][34] eu-LISA[36] Tallinn[37]  Estonia 2012
European Border and Coast Guard Agency Frontex Warsaw  Poland 2016[38] members: EU states, except Ireland, Schengen Area states not members of the EU
European Labour Authority ELA Bratislava  Slovakia 2019 members: EU states, European Commission, European Parliament[39][40]
  1. ^ a b c d With the United Kingdom departure from the EU, the EU decided to relocate the agencies based in London to Amsterdam and Paris on 20 November 2017.[10]

Executive agencies[edit]

Executive agencies are created by European Commission for a fixed period.

Official name Abbreviation Location
Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises EASME Brussels
Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency EACEA Brussels
Consumers, Health, Agriculture and Food Executive Agency Chafea Luxembourg City
Innovation and Networks Executive Agency INEA Brussels
Research Executive Agency REA Brussels
European Research Council Executive Agency ERC Brussels

Euratom agencies[edit]

Official name Abbreviation Location
Euratom Supply Agency ESA Luxembourg City
European Joint Undertaking for ITER and the Development of Fusion Energy F4E Barcelona

Independent bodies[edit]

Official name Abbreviation Location
European Institute of Innovation and Technology EIT Budapest
European Data Protection Supervisor EDPS Brussels
European University Institute EUI Florence
Authority for European Political Parties and European Political Foundations Brussels[41]

Proposed agencies[edit]

Official name Abbreviation Location Member state Established Members and observers
European Public Prosecutor's Office EPPO Luxembourg City[42]  Luxembourg 2020 members: EU states, except Denmark and Ireland as well as Hungary, Poland and Sweden[43]
European Union Agency for the Space Programme EUSPA Prague  Czechia 2021[44] members: EU states, European Commission
observers: Norway, European Space Agency[22]

Former agencies[edit]

Official name Abbreviation Location Member state Established Abolished Members and observers
European Agency for Reconstruction EAR Flag of Thessaloniki.svg Thessaloniki Greece 2000 2008 members: EU states, European Commission[45]
European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union Frontex  Warsaw Poland 2005 2016

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anonymous (5 July 2016). "Agencies and other EU bodies - European Union - European Commission". European Union.
  2. ^ European Commission (27 April 2018). "Decentralised agencies". Europa (web portal).
  3. ^ Deloitte (November 2016), How do EU agencies and other bodies contribute to the Europe 2020 Strategy and to the Juncker Commission Agenda? (Report), European Union (published 11 May 2017)
  4. ^ "OSHA membership". Europa (web portal). 1 January 2000. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  5. ^ "Cedefop membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  6. ^ "EUROFOUND membership". Europa (web portal). 3 June 2010. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  7. ^ "EEA membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  8. ^ "ETF membership". Europa (web portal). 1 June 2009. Archived from the original on 9 July 2009. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  9. ^ "EMCDDA membership". Europa (web portal). 10 February 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  10. ^ "Paris and Amsterdam to host key EU agencies post-Brexit". BBC News. 20 November 2017. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
  11. ^ "EMA membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  12. ^ Former Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market
  13. ^ Former OHIM
  14. ^ "OHIM membership" (PDF). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  15. ^ "CPVO membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  16. ^ "CdT membership" (PDF).[permanent dead link]
  17. ^ "EMSA membership". Europa (web portal). 24 March 2011. Archived from the original on 23 January 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  18. ^ "EASA members". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  19. ^ "EASA observers". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  20. ^ "ENISA membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  21. ^ "ECDC observers". Europa (web portal). Archived from the original on 25 April 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  22. ^ a b "GSA observers". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  23. ^ "ERA observers". Europa (web portal). Archived from the original on 6 March 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  24. ^ "CFCA membership". Europa (web portal). Archived from the original on 11 March 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  25. ^ "ECHA membership". Europa (web portal). Archived from the original on 23 July 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  26. ^ "EIGE membership". Eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  27. ^ "CEPOL membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  28. ^ "FRA membership". Europa (web portal). 15 April 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  29. ^ "About BEREC". Erg.eu.int. 25 November 2009. Archived from the original on 26 February 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  30. ^ "ESRB legal framework". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  31. ^ "EBA legal framework". Europa (web portal). Archived from the original on 22 July 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  32. ^ "ESMA legal framework". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  33. ^ "EIOPA legal framework". Europa (web portal). Archived from the original on 22 May 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  34. ^ a b "Agencies". Migration and Home Affairs. European Commission. Archived from the original on 27 June 2012.
  35. ^ Regulation 1077/2011 establishing a European Agency for the operational management of large-scale IT systems in the area of freedom, security and justice
  36. ^ Anonymous (16 June 2016). "European Agency for the operational management of large-scale IT systems in the area of freedom, security and justice (eu-LISA) - European Union - European Commission". European Union.
  37. ^ Valentina Pop. "Estonia and France are candidates for IT agency seat". EUobserver. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  38. ^ "Frontex | News - European Border and Coast Guard Agency launches today". Europa (web portal). Archived from the original on 9 October 2017. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  39. ^ "European Labour Authority - Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion". European Commission. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  40. ^ "European Labour Authority - Consilium". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  41. ^ "Authority for European Political Parties and European Political Foundations". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  42. ^ "Ministry of Justice: New European Public Prosecutor's Office to be based in Luxembourg". 8 June 2017.
  43. ^ "European Public Prosecutor's Office". European Commission.
  44. ^ "From GSA to EUSPA: space transforming business and the economy".
  45. ^ "EAR membership". Archived from the original on 3 February 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2011.

External links[edit]

The following links are all part of the official EU-website.

Attribution of the seat of EU agencies:

Recommended reading: