Aggressive Link Power Management

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Aggressive Link Power Management (ALPM) is a power management protocol for Advanced Host Controller Interface-compliant (AHCI) Serial ATA (SATA) devices, such as hard disk drives and solid-state drives.[1]


When enabled via the AHCI controller, this allows the SATA host bus adapter to enter a low-power state during periods of inactivity, thus saving energy. The drawback to this is increased periodic latency as the drive must be re-activated and brought back on-line before it can be used, and this will often appear as a delay to the end-user.


There are three states:[2]

  • Active
  • Low Power with two internal states Partial and Slumber. Partial has a maximum return latency of 10 microseconds while slumber has a maximum latency of 10 milliseconds. The states can be initiated by Host (HIPM), Device (DIPM) or both. Hot swapping is disabled.
  • Device Sleep with a maximum return latency of 20 milliseconds unless otherwise specified in Identify Data Log

These can be selected by the SATA AHCI driver, usually via a configuration option, or by the OS Power Options. Windows Vista and later allows the tweaking of AHCI LPM modes through a registry hack.[3] Hot swapping is disabled.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Serial ATA AHCI: Specification, Rev. 1.3". Intel. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
  2. ^ "Designing Energy Efficient SATA Devices" (PDF). Intel. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
  3. ^ "Add AHCI Link Power Management to Power Options in Windows". Retrieved 4 January 2023.

External links[edit]