Agha Hasan Abedi
Agha Hasan Abedi
|Born||14 May 1922|
|Died||6 Aug 1995 (aged 73)|
|Other names||Agha Sahib|
|Alma mater||Lucknow University|
|Known for||Founder of United Bank Founder of BCCI|
|Children||Maha Abedi (daughter)|
|Relatives||Agha Fakhar Hussain (brother)|
Agha Hasan Abedi (Urdu: آغا حسَن عابِدی ), (14 May 1922 – 5 August 1995) was a Pakistani banker and philanthropist. Abedi was involved in fraud in the scandalous Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI) which he founded in 1972. 
Abedi underwent a heart transplant operation in 1988, and died of a heart attack on 5 August 1995 in Karachi.
Early life and education
Agha Hasan Abedi was born in Lucknow, British India and migrated to Pakistan after the independence of Pakistan in 1947. He received his master's degree in English Literature and a Law degree from Lucknow University.
Beginning his career in 1946 with Habib Bank before independence of Pakistan, he brought about significant changes in Pakistan's banking culture when he founded the United Bank Ltd (UBL) in 1959 in Karachi. He was the Founder and the first President. Under his stewardship, UBL became the second largest bank in Pakistan. Mr. Abedi introduced a host of professional innovations, including the concept of personalised service and banking support to trade and industry, paying particular attention to the bank's overseas operations. One of the first to comprehend the opportunities offered by the oil boom in the Persian Gulf, Mr Abedi pioneered close economic collaboration in the private sector between Pakistan and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The UAE President, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, extended his patronage to UBL operations both in Pakistan and abroad.
When banking was nationalised in Pakistan in 1972, Mr. Abedi founded the Bank of Credit and Commerce International with the Bank of America NT & SA as a major shareholder. Registered in Luxembourg, the BCCI began its operations from a two-room head office in London. Over the years, it developed into a worldwide banking operation with branches in 72 countries and 16,000 employees on its payroll. Mr. Abedi was personally responsible for inducting a large number of Pakistanis into the field of international banking and almost 80 per cent of the BCCI's top executive positions at the head office and in branches in various countries were held by Pakistanis. "It was founded by the charismatic Agha Hasan Abedi in 1972, backed by Middle Eastern investors and run mostly by the South Asians." Mr. Abedi severed his connection with BCCI in 1990 after suffering a heart attack and led a retired life in Karachi until his death of heart failure at Karachi's Aga Khan hospital in 1995.
At the time of his death, Abedi was under indictment in several countries for crimes related to BCCI. However, Pakistani officials refused to give him up for extradition, claiming the charges were politically motivated. Besides this, it is likely he would have been too sick to stand trial. He had been in poor health since suffering a stroke in the mid-1980s.
"The late Agha Hasan Abedi was a famous banker and he backed many literary and educational institutions in Pakistan and other third world countries."
The Infaq Foundation has only one office in Karachi, Pakistan. It has capital and reserves of over Rs. 2.50 billion, which in 2009 are equivalent to just over US $30 million. Major beneficiaries among the known institutions are, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Lady Dufferin Hospital and Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology in Karachi, and Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology in Topi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. President Ghulam Ishaq Khan was the first Chairman of the Foundation from 1983 through 1995. Another personality, a supreme court judge and a former Governor of Sindh – Justice Fakhruddin G. Ebrahim took over and is now the chairman.
The Foundation has been managed by various Chief Executives. From 1981 to 1999, retired federal secretaries were Secretaries General of the Foundation. From 1999 to 2008, the position was held by Mr. Sohail Kizilbash, a Chartered Accountant educated in the UK and a person with long banking experience. From 2009 onwards, another Chartered Accountant and a former banker Mr. Anwar Gillani is the Honorary Secretary General.
Mr. Abedi also founded BCCI FAST in 1980 with a donation of Rs. 100 million, to promote education in computer science. It is now the first multi-campus university of Pakistan, known as National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences. It has five campuses situated in Islamabad, Peshawar, Karachi, Lahore and Faisalabad.
Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology was also the brainchild of Mr. Abedi. He felt that Pakistan should have another university for higher education, at PhD level, for engineering and sciences and it should be comparable to universities in any developed country.
Hasan Abedi was married to Rabia Abedi. The couple had a daughter named Maha. Although Abedi was born into a Shia Muslim family, he was a well-known Muslim mystic. During his speeches at the meetings of the BCCI Bank, he would spend hours sharing his mystical beliefs. He believed that BCCI wasn't only a bank, but a god-gifted entity which was directly connected to the universe.
Award and honor
- Agha Hasan Abedi Auditorium at Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology, Swabi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, was named after him.
- Agha Hasan Abedi was posthumously awarded the Hilal-i-Imtiaz, a Pakistani Civilian Award, by the President of Pakistan in 2015 for his services to the nation. The award recognized that while he was "[k]nown internationally for questionable business practices, in Pakistan he is remembered for supporting leading health and educational institutions like FAST, GIKI and SIUT"...
- https://web.archive.org/web/20060908113823/http://www.lib.virginia.edu/area-studies/SouthAsia/SAserials/Dawn/1995/09Ag95.html#agha, Retrieved 15 Jan 2017
- http://tribune.com.pk/story/835823/posthumous-honour-for-bcci-founder/, The Express Tribune newspaper, Published 10 Feb 2015, Retrieved 15 Jan 2017
- "Agha Hasan Abedi - Pakpedia".
- http://tribune.com.pk/story/868778/the-man-behind-the-bust-a-chance-encounter-that-changed-history/, The Express Tribune newspaper, Published 13 April 2015, Retrieved 15 Jan 2017
- Jr., Robert Mcg. Thomas. "Agha Hasan Abedi, 74, Dies In the Shadow of a Vast Fraud".
- "The Go-Go Years". www.geocities.ws.
- Walsh, Conal (19 January 2003). "Spies hide as Bank faces BCCI charges". the Guardian.
- https://www.samaa.tv/pakistan/2015/03/president-to-conferr-civil-awards/, Hilal-i-Imtiaz Award for the late Agha Hasan Abedi in 2015, Samaa TV website, Published 22 March 2015, Retrieved 15 Jan 2017
- About BCCI
- The BCCI Affair, Federation of American Scientists (www.fas.org)
- CDSS – Centre for Development of Social Services
- CDSS, Centre for Development of Social Services – Official Website
- Korangi Academy, Korangi Academy – Official Website
- About Foundation for Advancement of Science and Technology (FAST), National University
- Genesis, GIK Institute