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Syed Wajid Hussain Rizvi
16 October 1908
Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
|Died||27 March 1998 (age 89)|
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
|Occupation||Screenwriter, Urdu Poet|
|Years active||40 years|
|Spouse(s)||Khursheed Kashmeri (née Kazi)|
|Children||Zuhair Kashmeri and Sarwar Kashmeri|
Syed Wajid Hussain Rizvi (Urdu: سيد واجد حسین رضوی, born 16 October 1908 – 27 March 1998), better known by his takhallus, Aghajani Kashmeri (Urdu: آغاجانی کشمیری), was an Indian screenwriter, former actor and Urdu poet.
He worked in Bollywood films, as a writer for a number of classics, from the first Indian cinematic blockbuster Kismet (1943), to the Palme d'Or nominated Mujhe Jeene Do (1963), to Naya Zamana (1971). He was known for writing his dialogues in literary Urdu, which eventually went out of vogue after Salim-Javed popularized a more colloquial style in the 1970s.
Early life and acting career
Kashmeri was born on 16 October 1908, in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India. He ran away from home in his late teens to star in an early Bollywood film, Shan e Subha (variously listed as Shan e Subhan and Shane Subhan), which was being shot in Rangoon. In part, he was inspired by his first cousin, Nawab Kashmiri, also of Lucknow, the best-known character actor in early Indian cinema, with hits such as Yahudi ki Ladki (Daughter of the Jew), in which Nawab played an elderly Jew. Subsequently, Aghajani returned to Calcutta, did bit roles and a few lead roles, two of them opposite Begum Akhtar. Two of the movies he acted in were Miss Manorama and Anokhi Ada, both in the 1930s.
Given his literary upbringing in Urdu – he was a pupil of the famous Urdu poet Arzoo Lucknowi and was schooled in Urdu literature – Kashmeri joined the film studio Bombay Talkies, learned screenplay writing with Himansu Rai, and wrote his first movie in the early 1930s. It was directed by German director Franz Osten, who worked in Bombay Talkies at the time. The movie, named Vachan (1938), proved successful and Kashmeri went on to write more than 50 movies.
In Bombay (now Mumbai) he and his wife lived with their sons Zuhair Kashmeri and Sarwar Kashmeri. He wrote for Bollywood producer-directors including Subodh Mukherjee, Sashadhar Mukherjee, Sunil Dutt, Mehboob Khan, Himanshu Rai of Bombay Talkies, Franz Osten, Pramod Chakravorty; and actors Ashok Kumar, Veena, Devika Rani, Noor Jehan, Suraiya, Sadhana, Saira Banu, Joy Mukherjee, Shammi Kapoor, Dilip Kumar, Raj Kapoor and Nimmi.
Aghajani Kashmeri's home in Bombay, a fourth floor apartment overlooking the Arabian Sea in a building called Keki Court, was the venue for some of the greatest poets, songwriters and ghazal singers of the time. He wrote an autobiography in 1971, Sahar Hone Tak, that was published in both Urdu and Hindi. It is now out of print and the copyright is owned by his sons Zuhair Kashmeri and Sarwar Kashmeri. Sahar Hone Tak has been praised by critics[who?] for its candid writing, its colourful description of early Lucknow and its mushairas, descriptions of poets who have faded into obscurity, with their verses as remembered by Aghajani, and descriptions of the very early Indian cinema in Calcutta and in Bombay (Mumbai). It documents the development of early storylines in the Indian cinema, the cultural and social themes that marked post independent India, and how slowly the movies veered towards the formula films of Bollywood today.
Aghajani retired in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, with his wife Khursheed Kashmeri, who died on 7 May 1996. Aghajani himself died on 27 March 1998. Both are buried at the York Cemetery in Toronto. His life is recounted in a one-hour documentary produced by his son Zuhair Kashmeri with funding from OMNI-TV of Canada. It features a traditional poetry session, mushaira, in Lucknow, and lovely shots of the historic monuments and streets of Lucknow; and footage from early films such as Najma, Amar, and later films such as Mujhe Jeene Do, Junglee, Love in Simla and Humsaya, all written by Aghajani Kashmeri.
The following is a partial filmography:
- Naya Zamana (1971) (writer)
- Parwana (1971) (dialogue and screenplay)
- Tumse Achha Kaun Hai (1969) (dialogue)
- Love in Tokyo (1966) (dialogue)
- April Fool (1964) (dialogue)
- Gazal (1964) (written by)
- Ziddi (1964) (dialogue)
- Mujhe Jeene Do (1963) (written by)
- Yeh Rastey Hain Pyar Ke (1963) (written by)
- Junglee (1961) (dialogue)
- Love in Simla (1960) (dialogue) (as Aghajani Kashmiri) (screenplay)
- Chori Chori (1956) (dialogue) (screenplay)
- Amar (1954) (dialogue)
- Aurat (1953) (screenplay) (as Agha J. Kashmiri)
- Malkin (1950's) (screenplay/dialogue)
- Anokhi Ada (1948) (screenplay and dialogue)
- Chandralekha (1948) (dialogue)
- Taqdeer (1943) (screenplay/dialogue)
- Najma (1943) (screenplay/dialogue)
- Anmol Ghadi (1946) (writer)
- Humayun (1945) (writer)
- Lal Haveli (1945) (dialogue)
- Vachan (1938) (screenplay)
Kashmeri was credited by various names in these films. In addition, Kashmeri recorded several propaganda Urdu commentaries for the British India army command during the Second World War and was given a rank in the army.
- Gahlot, Deepa (2015). Take-2: 50 Films That Deserve a New Audience. Hay House. p. 245. ISBN 9789384544850.
- Vasan, S. S. (director) (1948). Chandralekha (motion picture). India: Gemini Studios. Event occurs at 1:11.
- "Agha Jani Kashmiri at Internet Movie Database". IMDb. Retrieved 17 July 2009.
- Patel, Baburao (February 1945). "Review Lal Haveli". Filmindia. 2 (2): 19. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
- Patel, Baburao (October 1938). "Review-Vachan". Filmindia. 4 (6): 53. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
1. Sahar Honé Tak by Aghajani Kashmeri, Mithals, New Delhi, India, 1965. (Autobiography published in Urdu and Hindi, from which the bulk of material in this article has been obtained. The rest from interviews conducted by the writer, his son, Zuhair Kashmeri of Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, Canada.) 2. Lives Lived: Aghajani Kashmeri by James Macgovan, "Bombay movie legend. Born in Lucknow, India, on July 14, 1908, died on March 27, 1998, of cancer in Toronto, aged 89." The Globe and Mail, 16 April 1998, Page A24, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. 3. "Aghajani Kashmeri,89, actor and screenwriter," by Nick Pron, Toronto Star, Page B5, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. 4. "Man with the golden pen," Mid-Day (daily newspaper), Bombay (now Mumbai), India, Section Two, Page VI, Friday, 8 March 1991. Author Rafique Baghdadi, Journalist, Mumbai. Zuhair Kashmeri's blog: http://kashmeri.info/the-documentary/ with information on Aghajani Kashmeri. A one-hour documentary on Aghajani Kashmeri being released in 2011, website http://thegoldenpen.ca written and produced by Zuhair Kashmeri.