Aghu language

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Aghu
Jair
RegionPapua, Indonesia
Native speakers
(14,000 cited 1987–2002)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3Variously:
ahh – Aghu
awv – Jair (Kia)
yir – North Awyu
awu – Central Awyu
Glottologmapp1234  Mappi–Digul Awyu[2]
jair1235  Jair Awyu[3]
nort2918  North Awyu[4]

Aghu, also known as Awyu or Djair (Dyair, Jair, Yair), is a Papuan language of Papua, Indonesia.

Ethnologue assigns separate ISO codes for Aghu/Jair, Jair, North Awyu/Jair, and Central Awyu. However, these have not been attested as separate languages (U. Amsterdam), and it is not clear that all correspond to Aghu.

Phonology[edit]

The phonology of the Aghu language[5]:

Consonants
Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar
Plosive voiceless p t k
voiced b d~ɾ ɡ
Nasal m n
Fricative f s~ʃ x
Approximant w j
Vowels
Front Central Back
Close i iː y yː u uː
Mid ɛ ɛː ɔ ɔː
Open a aː

At the ends of words, vowels may appear both long and nasalized. This occurs historically where there was a final nasal /m/ or /n/. Within words, rather than nasal vowels there are sequences of vowel plus nasal consonant which matches the articulation of the following consonant. Thus nasal vowels may be analyzed as /Vn/ or /VN/.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aghu at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Jair (Kia) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    North Awyu at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Central Awyu at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Mappi–Digul Awyu". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Jair Awyu". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "North Awyu". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  5. ^ van den Heuvel, Wilco (2016). Aghu: annotated texts with grammatical introduction and vocabulary lists. Canberra: Australian National University.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]