Artist impression of ABS-3 in orbit
|Operator||Mabuhay Satellite Corporation (1997-2009)
|Mission duration||15 years planned|
|Launch mass||2,820 kilograms (6,220 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||August 19, 1997, 17:50UTC|
|Rocket||Chang Zheng 3B|
|Launch site||Xichang 2|
|Semi-major axis||42,163.82 kilometres (26,199.38 mi)|
|Perigee||35,774 kilometres (22,229 mi)|
|Apogee||35,811 kilometres (22,252 mi)|
|Epoch||July 5, 2014, 07:29:15 UTC|
ABS-3, formerly ABS-5, which was named Mabuhay 1 or Agila 2 after the Philippine eagle, before being acquired by Asia Broadcast Satellite is a communications satellite launched in 1997. It originally provides telecommunications services for the Mabuhay Philippines Satellite Corporation before being sold to ABS in 2009. It was the first Filipino owned space satellite not acquired while in orbit. Another satellite named Mabuhay, previously known as Palapa B-2P, was acquired from Indonesian company Pasifik Satelit Nusantara a year earlier becoming the first satellite owned by a Filipino entity. Built by Space Systems/Loral, the satellite provides the most powerful coverage in the Asia-Pacific region. It covers the entire continent of Asia east of Pakistan, as well as the Western Pacific west of Hawaii. Its control station is located at the Subic Space Center in the Subic Bay Freeport Zone. The spacecraft was launched by the Long March 3B in its first successful flight and currently orbits at 146°E longitude.
It contains 30 C-band transponders at 27 watts and 24 Ku-band transponders at 110 watts, combinable to 12 high-power 220-watt transponders. Total dc power at End of Life (EOL) is expected to be more than 8200 watts. The combination provides a power-to-mass ratio of 5-to-1, making Mabuhay one of the most efficient satellites in the industry. A single Agila 2 satellite transmits more than 190 channels of high-fidelity digital programming to cable companies and home satellite dishes, along with the capability to handle more than 50,000 simultaneous two-way telephone conversations.
Agila 2 was a joint venture of Mabuhay Satellite Corporation and various companies from the People's Republic of China, Indonesia and the Philippines, namely, the Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT), High Rise Realty Development Corporation, Pilipino Telephone Corp. (Piltel), Beijing High Den Enterprises Limited, Walden Group of Companies, GMA Network, Inc., Philippine Satellite Corporation, Cable Entertainment Corporation, Siy Yap Group, and Philippine Communications Satellite Corporation. Its cost was estimated at US$243 million and has a design based on the Space Systems/Loral FS-1300 satellite bus. The satellite was deployed to orbit by a Chinese Long March 3B rocket in Sichuan province, on 20 August 1997. It is expected to achieve a mission lifetime of more than 15 years with its solar panels for power.
The satellite's C-band coverage beam illuminates an area covering East, South, and Southeast Asia, and the Western Pacific up to Hawaii. Meanwhile, the Ku-band coverage zone encompasses Taiwan, portions of mainland China and Vietnam, as well as the entire Philippines. The 24 Ku-band transponders of the satellite may also be commanded by ground control to combine into 12 high-powered transponders with 220-watt amplifiers for the purpose of broadcasting direct-to-home digital TV services.
The C-band capacity permits Internet access with downlink capabilities of up to 15 Mbit/s. Moreover, Filipino broadcasters, such as ABS-CBN Corporation, used the satellite's C-band capacity for signal distribution and satellite news gathering activities. The Ku-band capacity delivered direct-to-home broadcast services to Filipinos in remote areas which allows rural dish owners to receive high-quality programming previously available only to certain parts of the country via wire and cable facilities.
- McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 6 July 2014.
- "Mabuhay acquires Indon satellite;sets new orbit". Manila Standard. July 25, 1996. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- Jonathan's Space Report No. 331
- Track Agila 2 on n2yo.com
- "http://www.satbeams.com/satellites?norad=24901 Satbeams Satellite Details"
- "http://www.absatellite.net/satellite-fleet/?sat=abs3 ABS Satellite Fleet - ABS 3"
- "Global Satellite Leader, ABS, Counting Down To Major Expansion". ABS. June 2, 2014. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
- Gunter's Space Page. Accessed January 22, 2009.