Agioi Theodoroi (islands)

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Agioi Theodoroi
Native name:
Άγιοι Θεόδωροι
Theodorou - Kri-Kri Island.jpg
The islet of Agios Theodoros.
Agioi Theodoroi is located in Greece
Agioi Theodoroi
Agioi Theodoroi
Geography
Coordinates35°32′13″N 23°55′52″E / 35.537°N 23.931°E / 35.537; 23.931Coordinates: 35°32′13″N 23°55′52″E / 35.537°N 23.931°E / 35.537; 23.931
ArchipelagoCretan Islands
Highest elevation165 m (541 ft)
Administration
Greece
RegionCrete
Regional unitChania
Demographics
Population0 (2001)

Agioi Theodoroi (Greek: Άγιοι Θεόδωροι) are two uninhabited islets off the coast of western Crete. One is named Agios Theodoros, also called Thodorou, and the islet a few metres further north is called Mikros Agios Theodoros ("Little Agios Theodoros").[1] Administratively, they are part of the municipality of Platanias, in Chania regional unit. Kri-kri inhabit Agios Theodoros.[1] Anciently, the islands were known as Coete or Koite (Ancient Greek: Κοίτη) and Akytos.[2][3][4]

National park[edit]

In 1930 the municipality of Agia Marina with the cooperation of the hunting association of Chania decided to make the islands a nature reserve. It was in 1935 that Theodoros Viglis caught one male and two female Kri-kri in Samariá Gorge and released them on Agios Theodoros so that they could breed with integrity since no other goats inhabited the island. This initial small community of Kri-kri was too small to prevent inbreeding and more Kri-kri were introduced to the community.[1] The isolated community of Kri-kri at Agios Theodoros has been used to provide Kri-kri to zoos around the world.[5]

History[edit]

The islands are mentioned in antiquity (2nd half of the third century) in the Stadiasmus Maris Magni, which states that they have potable water.[3]

In 1583 the Venetians built two small fortresses on Agios Theodoros in part to prevent pirates from using the islands and in part to defend the coast of Crete.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Thodorou Islands off Platanias ExploreCrete.com
  2. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 60, and directory notes accompanying.
  3. ^ a b Stadiasmus Maris Magni § 342.
  4. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.
  5. ^ a b Agii Theodori KretaKultur.dk

See also[edit]