Aglaomorpha fortunei

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Aglaomorpha fortunei
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Division: Polypodiophyta
Class: Polypodiopsida
Order: Polypodiales
Suborder: Polypodiineae
Family: Polypodiaceae
Genus: Aglaomorpha
A. fortunei
Binomial name
Aglaomorpha fortunei
(Kunze ex Mett.) Hovenkamp & S. Linds.
  • Drynaria roosii Nakaike
  • Drynaria fortunei (Kunze ex Mett.) J.Sm., nom. illeg.
  • Polypodium fortunei Kunze ex Mett.

Aglaomorpha fortunei, commonly known as gu-sui-bu, is a species of basket fern of the family Polypodiaceae. The plant is native to Eastern Asia, including eastern China.

It is used in traditional Chinese medicine. This species is also more frequently cited by Asian studies by its synonym, Drynaria fortunei;[2] however, this is an illegitimate name, the correct name in the genus Drynaria being Drynaria roosii.


Aglaomorpha fortunei is an epiphytic (growing on trees) or epipetric (growing on rocks) plant. Like other species of Aglaomorpha, they possess two frond types – a fertile foliage frond and a sterile nest frond.[3][4]

Sterile nest fronds are rounded shallowly-lobed reddish-brown fronds overlapping each other. They bear no sori and form a 'basket' characteristic of the genus. The fertile fronds are larger and deeply lobed. They bear 1 to 3 sori arranged on both sides of the central rib.[3][4][5]


The species was first described in 1856 as Polypodium fortunei, with the name attributed to Gustav Kunze. In 1857, J. Smith transferred the species to the genus Drynaria, using the name "Drynaria fortunei". However, although widely used,[2] this is an illegitimate name, because it had been published in 1855 for a different species.[6] In 1992, Toshiyuki Nakaike published the replacement name, Drynaria roosii, which is the correct name for the species if placed in the genus Drynaria.[7]

In the Pteridophyte Phylogeny Group classification of 2016 (PPG I), the genus Aglaomorpha is placed in the subfamily Drynarioideae of the family Polypodiaceae.[8]

Medicinal uses[edit]

Preparations from the rhizomes of Aglaomorpha fortunei are used in traditional herbal medicine for aiding in the healing of bone fractures and for treating rheumatoid arthritis.[3][9]

Pharmacological study[edit]

Modern studies of Aglaomorpha fortunei have identified in vitro effects on isolated bone cells.[10]

Flavan-3-ols and propelargonidins can be isolated from the rhizomes.[11]

Vernacular names[edit]

Aglaomorpha fortunei is known as gu-sui-bu (骨碎補) in Chinese (English: "mender of shattered bones").[12] A reference to its use in traditional Chinese medicine for healing broken bones.[9]

Other common names in Chinese include mao-chiang ('hairy ginger'), shih-pan chiang ('stony plate ginger'), wang-chiang, shih-chiang, hou-chiang ('monkey ginger'), p'a shan hu (mountain-climbing tiger), feng chiang, p-yen chiang, hou-sheng chiang, and hou chueh.[3]

It is also known as gol-se-bo in Korean and Cốt toái bổ in Vietnamese.[9][13]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hassler, Michael & Schmitt, Bernd (June 2019). "Aglaomorpha fortunei". Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World. Vol. 8. Archived from the original on 2017-09-02. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  2. ^ a b Stuart Lindsay; David J. Middleton; Thaweesakdi Boonkerd; Somran Suddee (2009). "Towards a stable nomenclature for Thai ferns" (PDF). Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) (37): 64–106. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 16, 2012. Retrieved July 31, 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d A barefoot doctor's manual: a concise edition of the classic work of eastern herbal medicine. Running Press. 2002. p. 367. ISBN 978-0-7624-1250-1.
  4. ^ a b Robert Lee Riffle (1998). The tropical look: an encyclopedia of dramatic landscape plants. Timber Press. p. 152. ISBN 978-0-88192-422-0.
  5. ^ William Jackson Hooker (1864). Species filicum. William Pamplin. p. 95.
  6. ^ "Polypodium fortunei Kunze ex Mett". The International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 2019-08-15.
  7. ^ "Drynaria roosii Nakaike". The International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 2019-08-15.
  8. ^ PPG I (2016). "A community-derived classification for extant lycophytes and ferns". Journal of Systematics and Evolution. 54 (6): 563–603. doi:10.1111/jse.12229. S2CID 39980610.
  9. ^ a b c Eun-Kyung Jung (2007). "Antimicrobial Activity of Extract and Fractions from Drynaria fortunei Against Oral Bacteria" (PDF). Journal of Bacteriology and Virology. 37 (2): 61–68. doi:10.4167/jbv.2007.37.2.61. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
  10. ^ Jui-Sheng Sun; Chun-Yu Lin; Guo-Chung Dong; Shiow-Yunn Sheu; Feng-Huei Lin; Li-Ting Chen; Yng-Jiin Wang (2002). "The effect of Gu-Sui-Bu (Drynaria fortunei J.Sm) on bone cell activities" (PDF). Biomaterials. 23 (2002). Elsevier: 3377–3385. doi:10.1016/s0142-9612(02)00038-8. PMID 12099280. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
  11. ^ Proliferative effects of flavan-3-ols and propelargonidins from rhizomes of Drynaria fortunei on MCF-7 and osteoblastic cells. Eun Ju Chang, Won Jung Lee, Sung Hee Cho and Sang Won Choi, Archives of Pharmacal Research, August 2003, Volume 26, Issue 8, pages 620-630, doi:10.1007/BF02976711
  12. ^ Christopher Hobbs; Kathi Keville (2007). Women's Herbs, Women's Health. Book Publishing Company. p. 287. ISBN 978-1-57067-152-4.
  13. ^ Nguyễn Đức Quang (December 1, 2009). "Cốt toái bổ - Bổ thận chắc răng" (in Vietnamese). Archived from the original on March 28, 2012. Retrieved July 28, 2011.