Agnes Gund

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Agnes Gund
Born 1938 (age 79–80)
Cleveland, Ohio
Nationality American
Education Miss Porter's School, Connecticut College for Women, Harvard University

Agnes Gund (born 1938) is an American philanthropist and arts patron,[1] collector of modern and contemporary art, and arts education and social justice advocate. She is President Emerita of the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) and Chairman of its International Council. She is also Chairman of MoMA PS1. In 1977, in response to New York City’s fiscal crisis that led to budget cuts that virtually eliminated arts education in public schools, Gund founded Studio in a School,[2] a non-profit organization that engages professional artists as art instructors in public schools and community based organizations to lead classes in drawing, printmaking, painting, collage, sculpture, and digital media, and to work with classroom teachers, administrators, and families to incorporate visual art into their school communities.

Gund became interested in art while a 15-year-old student at Miss Porter’s School in Farmington, Connecticut. "I had a magical art history teacher who didn’t just give you the artist’s name and the date of the picture, she showed you how to look at artwork," Gund said.[3] Later, Gund attended Connecticut College for Women,[2] where she received a bachelor's degree in history. She received her master's degree in art history from Harvard’s Fogg Museum. She has received honorary doctorate degrees from the CUNY Graduate Center (2007), University of Illinois (2002), Brown University (1996), Kenyon College (1996), Case Western Reserve University (1995), Hamilton College (1994), and Bowdoin College (2012).

Career[edit]

Gund joined MoMA's International Council in 1967; she then joined the Board of Trustees in 1976 and served as its President from 1991 until 2002.[4] She serves on the boards of the Cleveland Museum of Art, the Foundation for Contemporary Arts, the Foundation for Art and Preservation in Embassies, the Morgan Library and Museum, and the National YoungArts Foundation. She is co-founder and board chair of the Center for Curatorial Leadership and is an Honorary Trustee of the Independent Curators International and the Museum of Contemporary Art, Cleveland.

A civic leader and staunch supporter of education, women’s issues[1] and environmental concerns, among other causes, Gund is the former Chair of the Mayor’s Cultural Affairs Advisory Commission of New York City, a former member of the New York State Council on the Arts, and has served on the boards of such wide-ranging organizations as the Aaron Diamond AIDS Research Center, the Andy Warhol Foundation, the Barnes Foundation, Chess in the Schools, the Frick Collection, the Fund for Public Schools, the J. Paul Getty Trust, and the Robert Rauschenberg Foundation.

In 1997, Gund received the National Medal of Arts from President Bill Clinton, the highest award given to artists and arts patrons by the U.S. government.[2] In 2011, Gund was nominated by President Barack Obama as a member of the Board of Trustees of the National Council on the Arts.[5] In 2016, she was elected Honorary Fellow of the Royal Academy of Arts.[6]

In January 2017, Gund sold Roy Lichtenstein's Masterpiece in order to provide $100 million in seed funding for the Art for Justice Fund [7], which supports criminal justice reform and seeks to reduce mass incarceration in the United States. Gund described Michelle Alexander’s 2010 book The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness and Ava DuVernay’s 2016 documentary 13th about African-Americans in the prison system as motivators for starting the fund, as well as concern for her grandchildren, six of whom are African-American.[7]

Studio in a School[edit]

Agnes Gund is founder and board chair of Studio in a School. Now in its fifth decade, Studio in a School has provided visual art instruction led by professional artists to nearly one million students through its New York City School Programs. Since its founding in 1977, Studio has partnered with over 800 schools and community based organizations throughout the five boroughs of New York City. Every year, more than 100 professional artists devote some 45,000 hours to over 30,000 pre-k through high school students, often in schools that would otherwise lack visual arts instruction.[8] About 90 percent of all children who participate in Studio programs come from low-income families. Studio's New York City School Programs include the multi-year, full-time Long Term Program, an Early Childhood Program, and more flexible Residency Programs.

In 2016, Studio in a School launched the Studio Institute under the leadership of long-time Studio President Thomas Cahill.[9] The goal of the Studio Institute is to expand the organization's mission and impact on the field through research, documentation, and dissemination, and to share its programs with other cities around the country. By 2018, the Studio Institute had provided expanded programming in five cities: Boston, Philadelphia, Providence, Cleveland, and Memphis.

In 2017, Studio in a School received the National Arts Award for Arts Education from Americans for the Arts.[10]

Collecting[edit]

Agnes Gund's vast collection of modern and contemporary art from the 1940s through the present ranges from modern masters, including Richard Artschwager, John Baldessari, Lynda Benglis, Lee Bontecou, James Lee Byars, Vija Celmins, Eva Hesse, Arshile Gorky, Jasper Johns, Ellsworth Kelly, Wolfgang Laib, Roy Lichtenstein, Martin Puryear, Robert Rauschenberg, Mark Rothko, Richard Serra, and Frank Stella; through cutting-edge contemporary artists, such as Teresita Fernandez, Kara Walker, Lorna Simpson, Cai Guo-Qiang, Glenn Ligon and David Remfry.

Her collection consists of paintings, sculptures, photographs, prints and furniture, with an exceptionally rich compilation of drawings. She has donated hundreds of works to MoMA, numerous works to the Cleveland Museum of Art, and has given or loaned various pieces to museums around the country. Essentially all of her most valuable works that have not already been gifted are promised gifts to institutions.[11]

Family and Personal Life[edit]

A native of Cleveland, Ohio, Gund's father, George Gund II, was president and chairman of Cleveland Trust[2] when it was Ohio's largest bank. Born in 1938, she is the second oldest of six children.[2] Two of her brothers, Gordon Gund and George Gund, partners in Gund Investment Corporation, were the former owners of the San Jose Sharks (National Hockey League)[12] and Cleveland Cavaliers (National Basketball Association). Her brother Graham is an architect; her brother Geoff is a career teacher of economics and American history; and her sister, Louise, is a psychologist, environmentalist, women’s activist, theater producer and philanthropist.

Gund was married to Albrecht "Brec" Saalfield, an heir to the Saalfield Publishing Company of Akron, Ohio. They had four children: David, Catherine, Jessica and Anna. Gund later married attorney, Hunter College philosophy instructor and Columbia University and Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law instructor Daniel Shapiro.

Agnes Gund resides in New York City.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Pogrebin, Robin (2014-11-06). "A Patron Gives, of Herself and Her Art". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-06-13. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Colacello, Bob (November 20, 2015). "Agnes Gund, Art's Grande Dame, Still Has Work to Do". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 2017-06-13. 
  3. ^ Ruhling, Nancy A. (Winter 2010). “Art School Confidential: Agnes Gund Profile.” Lifestyles Magazine: 55-59
  4. ^ "Agnes Gund in Conversation with Phong Bui". Brooklyn Rail. September 2009. 
  5. ^ “President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts,” The White House news release, December 22, 2010, [1]
  6. ^ "Royal Academy of Arts Announces Election of New Royal Academician, Honorary Royal Academicians and Honorary Fellows," Royal Academy of Arts press release, April 14, 2016, [2]
  7. ^ a b Pogrebin, Robin (2017-06-11). "Agnes Gund Sells a Lichtenstein to Start Criminal Justice Fund". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-06-13. 
  8. ^ "About | Studio in a School". studioinaschool.org. Retrieved 2018-05-16. 
  9. ^ Pogrebin, Robin (2016-01-24). "Studio in a School Expands Arts Education Nationwide". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. 
  10. ^ "Americans for the Arts Announces National Arts Awards Honorees". Americans for the Arts. 2017-10-03. Retrieved 2018-05-16. 
  11. ^ Ruhling, Art School Confidential: Agnes Gund Profile, 58.
  12. ^ Ferragher, Thomas (May 13, 1990). "Gund brothers are brood apart; Gordon and George Gund found a way to the NHL to San Jose". The Ottawa Citizen: p. B11.

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