Agnes Mary Clerke
|Agnes Mary Clerke|
10 February 1842|
Skibbereen, County Cork, Ireland
|Died||20 January 1907
Agnes Mary Clerke (10 February 1842 – 20 January 1907) was an astronomer and writer, mainly in the field of astronomy. She was born in Skibbereen, County Cork, Ireland, and died in London.
Agnes Clerke was the daughter of John William Clerke (ca. 1814–1890) and his wife Catherine Mary Deasy (b. ca. 1819). Her father was a judge's registrar. She had two siblings; her older sister, Ellen Mary, was born in 1840, and her younger brother, Aubrey St. John, was born in 1843. All of the Clerke children were entirely home schooled.
Life and work
She was interested in astronomy from an early age, and had begun to write about it before the age of 15. In 1861 her family moved to Dublin, and in 1863 to Queenstown. Several years later she went to Italy where she stayed until 1877, chiefly at Florence, studying at the public library and preparing for literary work. In 1877 she settled in London.
Her first important article, Copernicus in Italy, was published in the Edinburgh Review in October 1877. She achieved a worldwide reputation in 1885, on the appearance of her exhaustive treatise, A Popular History of Astronomy during the Nineteenth Century. Clerke was not a practical astronomer, instead collating, interpreting and summarising the results of astronomical research. In 1888 she spent three months at the Cape Observatory as the guest of the director, Sir David Gill, and his wife, and there became sufficiently familiar with spectroscopic work to be able to write about this newer branch of the science with increased clearness and confidence.
In 1892 she was awarded the Actonian Prize of 100 guineas by the Royal Institution. As a member of the British Astronomical Association she attended its meetings regularly, as well as those of the Royal Astronomical Society. In 1903, with Lady Huggins, she was elected an honorary member of the Royal Astronomical Society, a rank previously held only by two other women, Caroline Herschel and Mary Somerville.
Her sister, Ellen Mary Clerke (1840–1906), also wrote about astronomy.
- A Popular History of Astronomy during the Nineteenth Century. Edinburgh, 1885 (4th rev. ed. London, 1902)
- The System of the Stars. London, 1890 (2nd ed. London, 1905)
- The Herschels and Modern Astronomy. London, 1895
- The Concise Knowledge Astronomy (co-authored with John Ellard Gore and Alfred Fowler. London, 1898
- Problems in Astrophysics. London, 1903
- Modern Cosmogonies. London, 1905
- Familiar Studies in Homer. London, 1892
She also wrote 55 articles for the Edinburgh Review, mainly on subjects connected with astrophysics, and several articles for the Dictionary of National Biography, the Encyclopædia Britannica and the Catholic Encyclopedia, and several other periodicals.
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:
Agnes Mary Clerke
- For details of the life and work of Agnes Clerk, see Weitzenhoffer, Kenneth (1985). "The Prolific Pen of Agnes Clerke". Sky and Telescope (9): 211–212. Bibcode:1985S&T....70..211W.
- Huggins, Margaret L. (1907). "Agnes Mary Clerke". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (London: Royal Astronomical Society) 67 (4): 230–231. Bibcode:1907MNRAS..67..230.. doi:10.1093/mnras/67.4.230.
- "Obituary–Agnes Mary Clerke". The Observatory 30: 107–108. 1907. Bibcode:1907Obs....30..107.
- Lynn, William T. (1907). "Miss Agnes Mary Clerke". Journal of the British Astronomical Association (London: British Astronomical Association) 17 (4): 188–189. Bibcode:1907JBAA...17..188.
- Huggins, Margaret L. (1907). "Agnes Mary Clerke". Astrophysical Journal 25 (3): 226–230. Bibcode:1907ApJ....25..226H. doi:10.1086/141436.
- Dent, Elsie A. (1907). "Agnes Mary Clerke". Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada (Royal Astronomical Society of Canada) 1 (2): 81–84. Bibcode:1907JRASC...1...81D.
- See, Thomas J. J. (1907). "Some Recollections of Miss Agnes M. Clerke". Popular Astronomy 15 (6): 323–326. Bibcode:1907PA.....15..323S.
- "Miss Agnes Mary Clerke (transcription)" (38236). London: The Times. 22 January 1907. p. 12; col D. Retrieved 6 December 2008.
- England 1871 census Class: RG10; Piece: 870; Folio: 118; Page: 24; GSU roll: 827769.
- Ogilvie, Marilyn; Harvey, Joy (eds.). The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science A-K 1. Routledge: New York and London. pp. 269–271. ISBN 0-415-92039-6.
- Haines, Catharine (2001). International women in science: a biographical dictionary to 1950. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. p. 67. ISBN 1-57607-090-5.
- Brück, Mary T. (2002). Agnes Mary Clerke and the Rise of Astrophysics. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. Bibcode:2002amcr.book.....B. ISBN 0521808448.
- Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Agnes Mary Clerke". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
- Brück, M.T. (2002). Agnes Mary Clerke and the Rise of Astrophysics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.2277/0521808448. ISBN 0-521-80844-8. OCLC 47805069.
- Huggins, Margaret Lindsay (April 1907). "Agnes Mary Clerke" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal (Chicago: American Astronomical Society) 25 (1): 225–30. Bibcode:1907ApJ....25..226H. doi:10.1086/141436. Retrieved 18 August 2008.
- Brück, Mary T. (2004). "Agnes Mary Clerke: Ever-popular Historian of Astronomy". The Antiquarian Astronomer (Society for the History of Astronomy) 1: 3–5. Bibcode:2004AntAs...1....3B. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- Brück, Mary T. (2014). "Clerke, Agnes Mary". In Hockey, Thomas; Trimble, Virginia; Williams, Thomas R. Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. New York: Springer Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9917-7_290. ISBN 978-1-4419-9917-7. Retrieved 7 November 2015.
- Hollis, Henry Park; Brück, Mary T. (2004). "Clerke, Agnes Mary". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/32444. Retrieved 7 November 2015.
- Works by Agnes M. Clerke at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Agnes Mary Clerke at Internet Archive
- Science Reference Services, Library of Congress. "Women in Astronomy: A Comprehensive Bibliography". Archived from the original on 3 August 2008. Retrieved 18 August 2008. Bibliography of writings about Agnes Mary Clerke.
- Biographical material from the Astronomical Society of the Pacific
- O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Agnes Mary Clerke", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
- Irish Examiner article
- Southern Star article