Agnes of Aquitaine, Queen of León and Castile

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For other people named Agnes of Aquitaine, see Agnes of Aquitaine (disambiguation).
Agnes of Aquitaine, Queen of León and Castile
Queen consort of León
Tenure 1069–1072 (first reign)
1072–1077 (second reign)
Queen consort of Castile
Tenure 1072–1077
Empress of Spain
Tenure 1077
Spouse Alfonso VI of León and Castile
House House of Poitiers
Father William VIII, Duke of Aquitaine
Mother Mathilde

Agnes or Ines of Aquitaine or Poitou was an 11th-century Queen of Leon and Castile by her marriage to Alfonso VI of León and Castile.

Family[edit]

Contemporary records show Agnes to have been daughter of William VIII, Duke of Aquitaine and his second wife Matilda, whose origins are uncertain. She has been confused with a half-sister of the same name who was also an Iberian Queen, Agnes, wife of Peter I of Aragon and Navarre.

Marriage[edit]

In 1069, Agnes married Alfonso VI, king of León. His father divided the kingdom into three realms upon his death. Alfonso and his brother Sancho would supplant their brother García in Kingdom of Galicia, but then in January 1072, Alfonso (and presumably Agnes) was forced to flee and Sancho took the entire realm of their father. Sancho was assassinated later that year and Alfonso returned, being crowned king of the reunited kingdom of their father in October 1072, at which time he also claimed to be "Emperor of all Spain".

They last appear together in May 1077, and then Alfonso appears alone. This suggests that she had died, although Orderic Vitalis reports that in 1109 Alfonso's 'relict' Agnes remarried to Elias I of Maine, leading some to speculate that Alfonso and Agnes had divorced due to consanguinity. It seems more likely that Orderic gave the wrong name to Alfonso's final wife, Beatrice, who had just become a widow at the time. Agnes and Alfonso had no children, nor did Elias by his wife, Alfonso's 'relict'.[1]

Death and burial[edit]

Several alternative accounts are given for the death of Agnes. Some sources place it in 1078, which would be consistent with her disappearance from the records. However, a surviving obituary notice has been interpreted as placing her death in 1097. This record, though, simply refers to Queen Ínes, and probably intended her half-sister Agnes, who died in that year. Likewise, the report of her marriage to Elias would, if accurate, require her survival at least to that date.

Agnes is said to have been buried in the royal monastery of Sahagún, near Alfonso's second wife, Constance of Burgundy.[2] However, given that the surviving monuments at Sahagún are not contemporary and errors have been found in the reported inscriptions, this may be apocryphal.

Preceded by
Sancha of León
Queen of León
(first reign)

1069–1072
Succeeded by
Alberta, Queen of Castile
Preceded by
Alberta
Queen of León
(second reign)

1072–1077
Succeeded by
Constance of Burgundy
Queen of Castile
1072–1077
Preceded by
Sancha of León
Empress of Spain
1077

References[edit]

  1. ^ Medieval Lands Aquitaine
  2. ^ Agnes of Aquitaine at Find a Grave