Agnes of Waiblingen

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Agnes of Waiblingen
Duchess consort of Swabia
Margravine consort of Austria
Markgraefin Agnes.JPG
Margravine Agnes, Babenberg pedigree, Klosterneuburg Monastery, c. 1490
Born1072
Died24 September 1143 (aged 70–71)
Klosterneuburg
Noble familySalian
Spouse(s)
Issue
FatherHenry IV, Holy Roman Emperor
MotherBertha of Savoy

Agnes of Waiblingen (1072/73 – 24 September 1143), also known as Agnes of Germany, Agnes of Poitou and Agnes of Saarbrücken, was a member of the Salian imperial family. Through her first marriage, she was Duchess of Swabia; through her second marriage, she was Margravine of Austria.[1][2]

Family[edit]

She was the daughter of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, and Bertha of Savoy.[3]

First marriage[edit]

In 1079, aged seven, Agnes was betrothed to Frederick, a member of the Hohenstaufen dynasty; at the same time, Henry IV invested Frederick as the new duke of Swabia.[4] The couple married in 1086, when Agnes was fourteen. They had twelve children, eleven of whom were named in a document found in the abbey of Lorsch:

  • Hedwig-Eilike (1088–1110), married Friedrich, Count of Legenfeld
  • Bertha-Bertrade (1089–1120), married Adalbert, Count of Elchingen
  • Frederick II of Swabia[5]
  • Hildegard
  • Conrad III of Germany[5]
  • Gisihild-Gisela
  • Heinrich (1096–1105)
  • Beatrix (1098–1130), became an abbess
  • Kunigunde-Cuniza (1100–1120/1126), wife of Henry X, Duke of Bavaria (1108–1139)[6]
  • Sophia, married Konrad II, Count of Pfitzingen
  • Fides-Gertrude, married Hermann III, Count Palatine of the Rhine[5]
  • Richildis, married Hugh I, Count of Roucy

Second marriage[edit]

Following Frederick's death in 1105,[7] Agnes married Leopold III (1073–1136), the Margrave of Austria (1095–1136).[8] According to a legend, a veil lost by Agnes and found by Leopold years later while hunting was the instigation for him to found the Klosterneuburg Monastery.[1]

Their children were:[9]

According to the Continuation of the Chronicles of Klosterneuburg, there may have been up to seven other children (possibly from multiple births) stillborn or who died in infancy.

In 2013, documentation regarding the results of DNA testing of the remains of the family buried in Klosterneuburg Abbey strongly favor that Adalbert was the son of Leopold and Agnes.[10]

In 1125, Agnes' brother, Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor, died childless, leaving Agnes and her children as heirs to the Salian dynasty's immense allodial estates, including Waiblingen.

In 1127, Agnes' second son, Konrad III, was elected as the rival King of Germany by those opposed to the Saxon party's Lothar III. When Lothar died in 1137, Konrad was elected to the position.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Wilhelm Muschka (22 May 2012). Agnes von Waiblingen - Stammmutter der Staufer und Babenberger-Herzöge: Eine mittelalterliche Biografie. Tectum Wissenschaftsverlag. p. 74. ISBN 978-3-8288-5539-7.
  2. ^ Thomas Oliver Schindler (20 February 2003). Die Staufer - Ursprung und Aufstieg eines Herrschergeschlechts. Grin. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  3. ^ Robinson, Henry, p. 266
  4. ^ Robinson, Henry, pp. 189, 223.
  5. ^ a b c Lyon 2013, p. 244.
  6. ^ Decker-Hauff, Zeit der Staufer, III, p. 350.
  7. ^ Robinson, Henry, p. 330.
  8. ^ Robinson, Henry, p. 332.
  9. ^ Decker-Hauff, Zeit der Staufer, III, p. 346
  10. ^ Bauer, Christiane Maria; Bodner, Martin; Niederstätter, Harald; Niederwieser, Daniela; Huber, Gabriela; Hatzer-Grubwieser, Petra; Holubar, Karl; Parson, Walther (February 2013). "Molecular genetic investigations on Austria's patron saint Leopold III". Forensic Science International. Genetics. 7 (2): 313–315. doi:10.1016/j.fsigen.2012.10.012. PMC 3593208. PMID 23142176.

Sources[edit]

  • Lyon, Jonathan R. (2013). Princely Brothers and Sisters: The Sibling Bond in German Politics, 1100-1250. Cornell University Press.
  • Karl Lechner, Die Babenberger, 1992.
  • Brigitte Vacha & Walter Pohl, Die Welt der Babenberger: Schleier, Kreuz und Schwert, Graz, 1995.
  • Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Line 45-24
  • I.S. Robsinson, Henry IV of Germany, 1056-1106 (Cambridge 2003).
  • H. Decker-Hauff, Die Zeit der Staufer, vol. III (Stuttgart, 1977).