Agnosphitys

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Agnosphitys
Temporal range: Late Triassic, 208 Ma
Agnosphitys cromhallensis2 copia.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Clade: Dinosauria
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Sauropodomorpha
Family: Guaibasauridae
Genus: Agnosphitys
Fraser et al., 2002
Species: A. cromhallensis
Binomial name
Agnosphitys cromhallensis
Fraser et al., 2002

Agnosphitys (/ˌæɡnsˈfts/; "unknown begetter"; sometimes mistakenly called Agnostiphys or Agnosphytis is a genus of silesaurid dinosauriform that lived during the Late Triassic. It contains only one species, the type species A. cromhallensis. Its remains include an ilium, maxilla, astragalus and humerus, which date variously from the Norian and Rhaetian stages of the Late Triassic.

The type species, Agnosphitys cromhallensis, was described by Nicholas Fraser, Kevin Padian, Gordon Walkden and A. L. M Davis in early 2002. The fossils, consisting of a partial skeleton including referred material, were found in Avon, England.

Classification[edit]

The remains of Agnosphitys defied precise classification in the original description; the describers placed it outside Dinosauria using the definition of Dinosauria outlined by Padian and May (1995) and provided (on p. 80) the following diagnosis: "Well-defined brevis fossa on the ilium; semi-perforate acetabulum; `kidney-shaped' antitrochanter; well-developed posterior portion of the iliac blade; two sacral vertebrae; subrectangular deltopectoral crest that is 33 per cent of the length of the humerus; astragalus with a distinct ascending process and a prominent depression immediately posterior to the ascending process; in dorsal aspect an acute anteromedial corner on the astragalus."[1]

Despite the paucity of known fossils, Agnosphitys has been included in two phylogenetic analyses analyzing primitive dinosaur relationships. Yates (2007) recovered the genus as a theropod, whereas Ezcurra (2010) recovered it as a member of Guaibasauridae. More recently, Agnosphitys has been considered a silesaurid based on an as-yet-unpublished description of Asilisaurus.[2]

A large phylogenetic analysis of early dinosaurs and dinosauromorphs carried out by Matthew Baron, David Norman and Paul Barrett (2017) recovered Agnosphitys as a member of the clade Silesauridae.[3]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nicholas C. Fraser, Kevin Padian, Gordon M. Walkden and A. L. M. Davis, 2002. Basal dinosauriform remains from Britain and the diagnosis of the Dinosauria. Palaeontology. 45(1), 79-95.
  2. ^ Nesbitt, Sidor, Irmis, Stocker, Angielczyk, and Smith, 2015. THE ANATOMY OF ASILISAURUS KONGWE (DINOSAURIFORMES: SILESAURIDAE) AND CLOSELY-RELATED TAXA PROVIDES NEW INSIGHTS INTO THE ANATOMICAL AND CHRONOLOGICAL EVOLUTION OF DINOSAURIFORMS. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 35 (Supplement):187A-188A.
  3. ^ Baron, M.G., Norman, D.B., and Barrett, P.M. (2017). A new hypothesis of dinosaur relationships and early dinosaur evolution. Nature, 543: 501–506. doi:10.1038/nature21700
  • Langer, 2004. Basal Saurischia. In Weishampel, Dodson and Osmolska. The Dinosauria Second Edition. University of California Press. 861 pp.
  • Yates, 2007. Solving a dinosaurian puzzle: the identity of Aliwalia rex Galton. Historical Biology. 19(1), 93-123.
  • Ezcurra, 2010. A new early dinosaur (Saurischia: Sauropodomorpha) from the Late Triassic of Argentina: A reassessment of dinosaur origin and phylogeny. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. 8(3), 371-425.