Agoristenidae

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Agoristenidae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Opiliones
Suborder: Laniatores
Infraorder: Grassatores
Superfamily: Gonyleptoidea
Family: Agoristenidae
Šilhavý, 1973
Species

see text

Diversity
25 genera, > 70 species

Agoristenidae are a neotropical harvestman family of the Suborder Laniatores, in the superfamily Gonyleptoidea.

Name[edit]

The name of the type genus is a combination of Ancient Greek agora "gathering" and stenos "few", referring to the rarity of the family at the time of its discovery.[1]

Description[edit]

These harvestmen range in body length from two to about five millimeters. Their coloring ranges from yellowish to dark brown. Some show yellow stripes or white or green patches.[1]

Distribution[edit]

The subfamily Agoristeninae is endemic to the Greater Antilles. The other subfamilies have been found from northern South America.

Relationships[edit]

Zamorinae are the basal clade, with Agoristeninae and Leiosteninae as sister groups. Agoristeninae is sister group to all Gonyleptoidea except Stygnopsidae.[1]


Stygnopsidae



Agoristenidae

Zamorinae




Agoristeninae



Leiosteninae





other Gonyleptoidea



(after Kury 1997b, 1997c)

Species[edit]

Agoristeninae[edit]

Leiosteninae[edit]

Zamorinae[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Pinto-da-Rocha, Ricardo & Kury, Adriano B. (2007): Agoristenidae Šilhavý, 1973. In: Pinto-da-Rocha et al. 2007: 171ff
  • Kury, Adriano B. (1997b): A new subfamily of Agoristenidae, with comments on suprageneric relationships of the family (Arachnida, Opiliones, Laniatores). Trop. Zool. 10: 333-346.
  • Kury, Adriano B. (1997c): Os Stygnopsidae na filogenia de Gonyleptoidea, com comentários sobre a biogeografia da superfamilia. P. 30 in Actas del Primer Encuentro de Aracnólogos del Cono Sur. Montevideo, Uruguay.
  • Pinto-da-Rocha, R., Machado, G. & Giribet, G. (eds.) (2007): Harvestmen - The Biology of Opiliones. Harvard University Press ISBN 0-674-02343-9
  • Pinto-da-Rocha, R. and Hara, M.R. (2010) : New familial assignments for three species of Neotropical harvestmen based on cladistic analysis (Arachnida: Opiliones: Laniatores). Zootaxa, 2241: 33–46.