Agrasen ki Baoli

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Agrasen ki Baoli, hidden among the tall buildings of Connaught Place

Agrasen ki Baoli (also known as Agar Sain ki Baoli or Ugrasen ki Baoli), designated a protected monument by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act of 1958, is a 60-meter long and 15-meter wide historical step well on Hailey Road [1] near Connaught Place, Jantar Mantar in New Delhi, India.[2] Although there are no known historical records to prove who built Agrasen ki Baoli, it is believed that it was originally built by the legendary king Agrasen[3] during the Mahabharat epic era[4][5][6] and rebuilt in the 14th century by the Agrawal community which traces its origin to Maharaja Agrasen.

Origin of the word Baoli[edit]

Baoli or bawdi, also referred to as baori or bauri, is a Hindi word (from Sanskrit wapi [7][8] or vapi, vapika).[9][10] In Rajasthan and Gujarat the words for step well include baoli, bavadi, vav, vavdi and vavadi.[11] Water temples[12] and temple step wells were built in ancient India and the earliest forms of step well and reservoir were also built in India in places like Dholavira as far back as the Indus Valley Civilisation.


Close view of the baoli arches from top
Inner arches of the baoli

This Baoli, with 103 steps, is among a few of its kind in Delhi. The visible parts of this historical step well consist of three levels. Each level is lined with arched niches on both sides. From an architectural perspective, this step well was probably rebuilt[13] during the Tughlaq period. However, the oldest existing Baoli in Delhi, the Anangtal Baoli [14][15] located in Mehrauli which was also known as Yoginipura, was built in the 10th century by the Rajput King Anang Pal II of Tomar Dynasty. Anang Tal literally means reservoir provided by Anang Pal of the House of Tomar.

Agrasen ki Baoli Agar Sain ki Baoli or Ugrasen ki Baoli) Haily Road Iran embassy Road.Persian architecture

Regarding the name Agrasen Ki Baoli it should be stated that in 1132 AD an Agrawal poet named Vibudh Shridhar [16] mentions, in his work Pasanahacariu, a wealthy and influential Agrawal merchant of Dhilli named Nattal Sahu who was also a minister[17] in the court of King Anang Pal III. Rebuilding the old Agrasen Ki Baoli would have been within the means of a well established and wealthy Agrawal community during the 14th century.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The connecting road between Kasturba Gandhi Road and Barakhamba Road
  2. ^ Agrasen ki Baoli gets new lease of life The Times of India, January 2, 2002.
  3. ^ Mittal, J.P. (2006), History of Ancient India (4250 BC to 637 AD) page 675, ISBN 978-81-269-0616-1 (This author considers King Agrasen an actual historical figure)
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^ Suryakanta(1975), Sanskrit Hindi English Dictionary, page 519, Orient Longman (ISBN 086125 248 9).
  8. ^ Whitworth,George Clifford (1885), An Anglo-Indian Dictionary (See Baoli).
  9. ^ Jutta Jain- Newbauer (1981), The step wells of Gujarat in art-historical perspective (see the term).
  10. ^ A Sanskrit English Dictionary by Monier Monier-Willams, originally published in 1899 by Clarendon Press Oxford, reprinted by Motilal Banarasidass.
  11. ^
  12. ^ Water Temples of India
  13. ^ Baolis in Delhi.
  14. ^
  15. ^ City Walls, edited by James D.Tracy (2000), Studies in Comparative Early Modern History, University of Minnesota, Center for Early Modern History, pages 251-252, Cambridge University Press.
  16. ^ Cohen, Richard (1989), An early Attestation of the Toponym Dhilli, Journal of the American Oriental Society, Volume 109, No.4 (Oct-Dec 1989) pages 513-519.
  17. ^ Pande, BM (2006), Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Oxford University Press.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 28°37′34″N 77°13′30″E / 28.62611°N 77.22500°E / 28.62611; 77.22500