Agrasen ki Baoli

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Situated in Delhi is a historical monument.

Agrasen ki Baoli (also known as Agrasen ki Baodi), designated a protected monument by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act of 1958, is a 60-meter long and 15-meter wide historical step well on Hailey Road [1] near Connaught Place, Jantar Mantar in New Delhi, India.[2] Although there are no known historical records to prove who built Agrasen ki Baoli, it is believed that it was originally built by the legendary king Agrasen,[3] and rebuilt in the 14th century by the Agrawal community which traces its origin to Maharaja Agrasen.[citation needed] It is a popular tourist destination and hangout in New Delhi.[4][5][6]

Origin of the word Baoli[edit]

Baoli or bawdi, also referred to as baori or bauri, is a Hindi word (from Sanskrit wapi [7][8] or vapi, vapika).[9][10] In Rajasthan and Gujarat the words for step well include baoli, bavadi, vav, vavdi and vavadi.[11] Water temples[12] and temple step wells were built in ancient India. The earliest forms of step well and reservoir were also built in India in places like Dholavira as far back as the Indus Valley Civilisation.[citation needed]

Architecture[edit]

Panoramic shot of Agrasen ki Baoli, with the arches visible.
Agrasen Ki Baoli is a popular tourist destination

This Baoli, with 108 steps, is among a few of its kind in Delhi. The visible parts of this historical step well consist of three levels. Each level is lined with arched niches on both sides. From an architectural perspective, this step well was probably rebuilt during the Tughlaq period.[13] However, the oldest existing Baoli in Delhi, the Anangtal Baoli [14][15] located in Mehrauli, which was also known as Yoginipura, was built in the 10th century by the Rajput King Anang Pal II of Tomara dynasty. Anang Tal literally means reservoir provided by Anang Pal of the House of Tomar.[citation needed]

Regarding the name Agrasen Ki Baoli it should be stated that, in 1132 CE, an Agrawal poet named Vibudh Shridhar mentions, in his work Pasanahacariu, a wealthy and influential Agrawal merchant of Dhilli named Nattal Sahu, who was also a minister in the court of King Anang Pal III.[16][17] Rebuilding the old Agrasen Ki Baoli would have been within the means of a well established and wealthy Agrawal community during the 14th century.[citation needed]

In popular culture[edit]

One of the many graffiti outside the monument

The location has been used to shoot scenes from various Bollywood films such as the blockbuster film PK starring Aamir Khan and Sultan starring Salman Khan. It was also featured in the 2017 Sridevi thriller Mom. [18][19][20] There have also been reports of the Baoli being haunted.[21][22][23][24] In 2012, a photo-shoot of Formula One models also took place here.[25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The connecting road between Kasturba Gandhi Road and Barakhamba Road
  2. ^ Agrasen ki Baoli gets new lease of life. The Times of India, January 2, 2002. Retrieved from http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2002-01-03/delhi/27142365_1_baoli-asi-official-groundwater-level[dead link].
  3. ^ Mittal, J.P. (2006), History of Ancient India (4250 BCE to 637 CE) page 675, ISBN 978-81-269-0616-1 (This author considers King Agrasen an actual historical figure)
  4. ^ "India's Most Haunted: Agrasen ki Baoli in Delhi". Travel India. 2016-07-08. Retrieved 2018-02-04. 
  5. ^ "The Top 10 Things to Do Near Agrasen Ki Baoli, New Delhi - TripAdvisor". www.tripadvisor.in. Retrieved 2018-02-04. 
  6. ^ "Steal A Moment Of Peace Amidst The City's Chaos At Agrasen Ki Baoli | LBB". LBB, Delhi. 2018-01-12. Retrieved 2018-02-04. 
  7. ^ Suryakanta(1975), Sanskrit Hindi English Dictionary, page 519, Orient Longman (ISBN 086125 248 9).
  8. ^ Whitworth,George Clifford (1885), An Anglo-Indian Dictionary (See Baoli).
  9. ^ Jutta Jain- Newbauer (1981), The step wells of Gujarat in art-historical perspective (see the term).
  10. ^ A Sanskrit English Dictionary by Monier Monier-Willams, originally published in 1899 by Clarendon Press Oxford, reprinted by Motilal Banarasidass.
  11. ^ http://www.rainwaterharvesting.org/Rural/Traditional2.htm
  12. ^ http://www.designflute.wordpress.com/2007/09/.../water_temples_of_india/ Water Temples of India
  13. ^ Baolis in Delhi.
  14. ^ http://India9.com/i9show/Baoli-61723.htm
  15. ^ City Walls, edited by James D.Tracy (2000), Studies in Comparative Early Modern History, University of Minnesota, Center for Early Modern History, pages 251-252, Cambridge University Press.
  16. ^ Cohen, Richard (1989), An early Attestation of the Toponym Dhilli, Journal of the American Oriental Society, Volume 109, No.4 (Oct-Dec 1989) pages 513-519.
  17. ^ Pande, BM (2006), Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Oxford University Press.
  18. ^ "8 Facts You Didn't Know About Agrasen Ki Baoli". Native Planet. Retrieved 2018-02-04. 
  19. ^ "Agrasen Ki Baoli - Agrasen Ki Baoli". Agrasen Ki Baoli. Retrieved 2018-02-04. 
  20. ^ "Bollywood movies shot at Agrasen ki Baoli". www.bollylocations.com. Retrieved 2018-02-04. 
  21. ^ "A Visit To Agrasen Ki Baoli Considered A Haunted Monument in New Delhi". desi Traveler. 2015-01-05. Retrieved 2018-02-04. 
  22. ^ jain, aditi. "Agrasen Ki Baoli". Tripoto. Retrieved 2018-02-04. 
  23. ^ Show, Subhas Chandra. "Agrasen ki Baoli Haunted, Ugrasen ki Baoli new Delhi". Ghoststoriesworld.com. Retrieved 2018-02-04. 
  24. ^ "Agrasen Ki Baoli, New Delhi". hauntedindia.blogspot.in. Retrieved 2018-02-04. 
  25. ^ "Agrasen Ki Baoli - Not a haunted stepwell in Delhi by Jatin Chhabra". jatinchhabra.com. Retrieved 2018-02-04. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 28°37′34″N 77°13′30″E / 28.62611°N 77.22500°E / 28.62611; 77.22500