Agreement between the Russian Federation and the Ukraine on cooperation in the use of the sea of Azov and the strait of Kerch

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The Agreement between the Russian Federation and the Ukraine on cooperation in the use of the sea of Azov and the strait of Kerch is an agreement on sea and fisheries between the Russian Federation and Ukraine adopted on 24 December 2003.[1] It was signed on 28 January 2003 between President of Ukraine Leonid Kuchma and President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin.[2]

Abstract[edit]

The Parties, proceeding from the necessity of conservation of the Azov-Kerch defined area of water as integral economic and natural complex, to be used in the interests of the Russian Federation and the Ukraine, have agreed as follows:

  1. The Sea of Azov and the Strait of Kerch are historically internal waters of the Russian Federation and the Ukraine.
  2. The Sea of Azov must be delimited by the state border in accordance with the Agreement signed by the Parties.
  3. Dispute settlement regarding the issues pertaining to the defined area of water of Kerch must be regulated by agreement between the Parties.
  4. Mercantile vessels and other state non-commercial vessels flying the flags of the Russian Federation and the Ukraine have free navigation in the sea of Azov and the strait of Kerch.
  5. Russian-Ukrainian cooperation in the spheres of navigation, fisheries, protection of marine environment, ecological safety and life-saving in the sea of Azov and the strait of Kerch must be implemented on the basis of existing international agreements and by conclusion, in respective cases, of the new ones.[1]

Commentary[edit]

In the context of the Kerch Strait incident, Sergei Lavrov at a press-conference in Rome said that while the agreement stipulates the free navigation, since the sea of Azov is the common internal waters, both sides have the right for inspection, which was exercised in the past without any complaints.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Agreement between the Russian Federation and the Ukraine on cooperation in the use of the sea of Azov and the strait of Kerch". Ecolex. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  2. ^ "Ukraine: Demarcation of Border with Russia". Loc.gov. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  3. ^ "В ФСБ сообщили о пересечении границы России тремя кораблями ВМС Украины" ("FSB Announced the Crossing of the Russian Border by Three Ukrainian Navy Ships")