Agricultural Land Reform Code (Philippines)

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The Agricultural Land Reform Code (RA 3844) was an advancement of land reform in the Philippines and was enacted in 1963 under President Diosdado Macapagal. It abolished tenancy and established a leasehold system in which farmers paid fixed rentals to landlords, rather than a percentage of harvest. In agricultural leasehold, the farmer cultivates the land belonging to, or possessed by, another with the latter's consent for a price certain in money or in produce or both. It also established the Land Bank of the Philippines to help with land reform, particularly the purchase of agricultural estates for division and resale to small landholders, and the purchase of land by the agricultural lessee.[1]

While the law was a significant advance over previous legislation, though the bill was weakened by numerous amendments imposed by Congress, which was dominated by landlords.[2] It was also weakened by the failure of Congress to allocate necessary funds for effective implementation of the law. The act has been further amended several times subsequent to becoming law by later legislation.[3]


The main provisions of the Agricultural Land Reform Code were:[4]

  • To establish and encourage the formation of family-sized farms as the basis for Philippine agriculture
  • To improve the lives of farmers by liberating them from harmful practices such as illegal interest rates
  • To encourage greater productivity and increase income of small farmers
  • To apply labor laws equally regardless of status
  • To provide a land settlement program and promote equitable distribution of land
  • To make poor farmers self-reliant, responsible citizens to strengthen society

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Republic Act No. 3844, The Agricultural Land Reform Code of the Philippines, approved 8 August 1963.
  2. ^ Malaya, J. Eduardo; Jonathan E. Malaya (2004). So Help Us God: The Presidents of the Philippines and Their Inaugural Addresses. Manila: Anvil. p. 203. ISBN 971-27-1486-1.
  3. ^ Subsequent legislation includes
  4. ^ Lacsamana, Leodivico Cruz (1990). Philippine History and Government. Quezon City: Phoenix Publishing House. p. 185. ISBN 971-06-1894-6.

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