Agricultural Marketing Act of 1929
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|Other short titles||Agricultural Marketing Act of 1929|
|Long title||An Act to establish a federal farm board to promote the effective merchandising of agricultural commodities in interstate and foreign commerce, and to place agriculture on a basis of economic equality with other industries.|
|Nicknames||Farm Relief Bill|
|Enacted by||the 71st United States Congress|
|Effective||June 15, 1929|
|Statutes at Large||46 Stat. 11|
The Agricultural Marketing Act of 1929, under the administration of Herbert Hoover, established the Federal Farm Board from the Federal Farm Loan Board established by the Federal Farm Loan Act of 1916 with a revolving fund of half a billion dollars. The original act was sponsored by Hoover in an attempt to stop the downward spiral of crop prices by seeking to buy, sell and store agricultural surpluses or by generously lending money to farm organizations. Money was lent out to the farmers in order to buy seed and food for the livestock, which was especially important since there had previously been a drought in the Democratic South. However, Hoover refused to lend to the farmers themselves, as he thought that it would be unconstitutional to do so and if they were lent money, they would become dependent on government money.
The Federal Farm Board's purchase of surplus could not keep up with the production; as farmers realized that they could just sell the government their crops, they reimplemented the use of fertilizers and other techniques to increase production. Overall, the deflation could not be countered because of a massive fault in the bill: there was no production limit. Had there been a production limit, the deflation might have been helped somewhat. The funds appropriated were eventually exhausted and the losses of the farmers kept rising.
The Act was the precursor to the Agricultural Adjustment Act.
- Chapter 4: Crisis and Activism: 1929-1940, United States Government Printing Office
- Gerhard Peters; John T. Woolley. "Herbert Hoover: "Statement on the Enactment of the Farm Relief Bill and on Plans for the Federal Farm Board.," June 15, 1929". The American Presidency Project. University of California - Santa Barbara.
- Peters, Gerhard; Woolley, John T. "Herbert Hoover: "Letter to the Speaker of the House Recommending Appropriations for the Federal Farm Board.," June 17, 1929". The American Presidency Project. University of California - Santa Barbara.
- Peters, Gerhard; Woolley, John T. "Herbert Hoover: "Executive Order 5200, Transferring the Division of Cooperative Marketing to the Federal Farm Board.," October 1, 1929". The American Presidency Project. University of California - Santa Barbara.
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