Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954

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Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954
Great Seal of the United States
Long titleAn Act to increase the consumption of United States agricultural commodities in foreign countries, to improve the foreign relations of the United States, and for other purposes.
NicknamesFood for Peace Act of 1954
Enacted bythe 83rd United States Congress
EffectiveJuly 10, 1954
Citations
Public law83-480
Statutes at Large68 Stat. 454
Codification
Titles amended7 U.S.C.: Agriculture
U.S.C. sections created7 U.S.C. ch. 41 § 1691 et seq.
Legislative history

The Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 (Pub.L. 83–480, enacted July 10, 1954) is a United States federal law that established Food for Peace, the primary and first permanent US organization for food assistance to foreign nations.[1] The Act was signed into law on July 10, 1954, by President Dwight D. Eisenhower.[2][3]

The act was popular in Congress because it allowed American farmers to sell their surplus commodities, fed hungry people, and developed future markets.[4]

According to Eisenhower, the purpose of the legislation was to "lay the basis for a permanent expansion of our exports of agricultural products with lasting benefits to ourselves and peoples and peoples of other lands."

The act was first drafted by future Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) Administrator Gwynn Garnett in 1950. It is unusual in that it allows the FAS to conclude agreements with foreign governments without the advice or consent of the United States Senate.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ McDonald, Bryan L (2018). Food Powr: The Rise and Fall of the Postwar American Food System. Oxford University Press. p. 13.
  2. ^ "Dwight D. Eisenhower: "Statement by the President Upon Signing the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954" July 10, 1954". Internet Archive. U.S. National Archives and Records. July 10, 1954. p. 626.
  3. ^ "S. 2475 - Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954" [Food for Peace Act of 1954]. P.L. 83-480 ~ 68 Stat. 454. Congress.gov.
  4. ^ Swanson, Ryan (March 2003). "The History of the Foreign Agricultural Service: Helping U.S. Producers Feed, Clothe and House the World" (PDF). Library of Congress. p. 5.
  5. ^ Mustard, Allen (May 2003). "An Unauthorized History of the FAS". The Foreign Service Journal. Vol. 80, no. 5. pp. 38–39.

External links[edit]