Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954
|Long title||An Act to increase the consumption of United States agricultural commodities in foreign countries, to improve the foreign relations of the United States, and for other purposes.|
|Nicknames||Food for Peace Act of 1954|
|Enacted by||the 83rd United States Congress|
|Effective||July 10, 1954|
|Statutes at Large||68 Stat. 454|
|Titles amended||7 U.S.C.: Agriculture|
|U.S.C. sections created||7 U.S.C. ch. 41 § 1691 et seq.|
The Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 (Pub.L. 83–480, enacted July 10, 1954) is a United States federal law that established Food for Peace, the primary and first permanent US organization for food assistance to foreign nations. The Act was signed into law on July 10, 1954, by President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
According to Eisenhower, the purpose of the legislation was to "lay the basis for a permanent expansion of our exports of agricultural products with lasting benefits to ourselves and peoples and peoples of other lands."
The act was first drafted by future Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) Administrator Gwynn Garnett in 1950. It is unusual in that it allows the FAS to conclude agreements with foreign governments without the advice or consent of the United States Senate.
- McDonald, Bryan L (2018). Food Powr: The Rise and Fall of the Postwar American Food System. Oxford University Press. p. 13.
- "Dwight D. Eisenhower: "Statement by the President Upon Signing the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954" July 10, 1954". Internet Archive. U.S. National Archives and Records. July 10, 1954. p. 626.
- "S. 2475 - Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954" [Food for Peace Act of 1954]. P.L. 83-480 ~ 68 Stat. 454. Congress.gov.
- Swanson, Ryan (March 2003). "The History of the Foreign Agricultural Service: Helping U.S. Producers Feed, Clothe and House the World" (PDF). Library of Congress. p. 5.
- Mustard, Allen (May 2003). "An Unauthorized History of the FAS". The Foreign Service Journal. Vol. 80, no. 5. pp. 38–39.
- Information about Food for Peace, from usaid.gov
- Information about U.S. agricultural legislation, from cornell.edu