Agricultural engineering

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Agricultural engineering is the engineering discipline that studies agricultural production and processing. Agricultural engineering combines the disciplines of mechanical, civil, electrical and chemical engineering principles with a knowledge of agricultural principles according to technological principles. A key goal of this discipline is to improve the efficacy and sustainability of agricultural practices.[1] One of the leading organizations in this industry is the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers.[1]

ASABE standards[edit]

The ASABE provides safety and regulatory standards for the agricultural industry. These standards and regulations are developed on an international scale and include topics on fertilizers, soil conditions, fisheries, biofuels, biogass, feed machinery, tractors, and machinery.[1]

History[edit]

The first curriculum in agricultural engineering was established at Iowa State University by Professor J. B. Davidson in 1903. The American Society of Agricultural Engineers, now known as the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, was founded in 1907.[2] A full history of events directly and indirectly influenced by agricultural engineering, see here.

Specialties[edit]

Agricultural engineers may engage in any of the following areas:

Agricultural engineers[edit]

Agricultural engineers may perform tasks such as planning, supervising and managing the building of dairy effluent schemes, irrigation, drainage, flood water control systems, performing environmental impact assessments, agricultural product processing and interpret research results and implement relevant practices. A large percentage of agricultural engineers work in academia or for government agencies such as the United States Department of Agriculture or state agricultural extension services. Some are consultants, employed by private engineering firms, while others work in industry, for manufacturers of agricultural machinery, equipment, processing technology, and structures for housing livestock and storing crops. Agricultural engineers work in production, sales, management, research and development, or applied science.

In the United Kingdom the term Agricultural Engineer is often also used to describe a person that repairs or modifies agricultural equipment.

Academic programs in agricultural and bio-systems engineering[edit]

Below is a listing of known academic programs that offer bachelor's degrees (B.S. or B.S.E. or B.E / B.Tech) in what ABET terms "Agricultural Engineering", "Biosystems Engineering", "Biological Engineering", or similarly named programs. ABET accredits college and university programs in the disciplines of applied science, computing, engineering, and engineering technology.

The Americas[edit]

North America[edit]

Institution Department Web site Email
Auburn University Biosystems Engineering www.eng.auburn.edu/ taylost at auburn.edu
Cal Poly San Luis Obispo BioResource and Agricultural Engineering www.brae.calpoly.edu/ ksolomon at calpoly.edu
Clemson University Biosystems Engineering [1] jjacks4 at clemson.edu
Cornell University Biological and Environmental Engineering bee.cornell.edu/ baa7 at cornell.edu
Dalhousie University Department of Engineering (Agricultural Campus) www.dal.ca Cathy.Wood at Dal.Ca
Florida A&M University Biological Systems Engineering [2]
Iowa State University Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering www.abe.iastate.edu/ estaben at iastate.edu
Kansas State University Biological and Agricultural Engineering www.bae.ksu.edu/home contact-l at bae.ksu.edu
Louisiana State University Biological and Agricultural Engineering www.bae.lsu.edu DConstant at agcenter.lsu.edu
McGill University Department of Bioresource Engineering www.mcgill.ca/bioeng/ valerie.orsat at mcgill.ca
Michigan State University Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering www.egr.msu.edu/bae/ srivasta at egr.msu.edu
Mississippi State University Agricultural and Biological Engineering www.abe.msstate.edu jpote at mafes.msstate.edu
North Carolina State University Biological and Agricultural Engineering www.bae.ncsu.edu/ robert_evans at ncsu.edu
North Carolina Agricultural & Technical State University Chemical, Biological and Bioengineering Department www.ncat.edu/ sbknisle at ncat.edu
North Dakota State University Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering www.ndsu.edu/aben/ aben at ndsu.edu
Ohio State University Food, Agricultural and Biological Engineering fabe.osu.edu shearer.95 at osu.edu
Oklahoma State University Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering biosystems.okstate.edu daniel.thomas at okstate.edu
Oregon State University Biological and Ecological Engineering Department bee.oregonstate.edu/ john.bolte at oregonstate.edu
Penn State University Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering abe.psu.edu/ hzh at psu.edu
Purdue University Agricultural and Biological Engineering www.purdue.edu/abe engelb at purdue.edu
South Dakota State University Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering www.sdstate.edu/abe/ Van.Kelley at sdstate.edu
Texas A&M University Biological and Agricultural Engineering baen.tamu.edu/ info at baen.tamu.edu
University of Arizona Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering cals.arizona.edu/abe slackd at u.arizona.edu
University of Arkansas Biological and Agricultural Engineering www.baeg.uark.edu/ lverma at uark.edu
University of California, Davis Biological and Agricultural Engineering bae.engineering.ucdavis.edu/ rhpiedrahita at ucdavis.edu
University of Florida Agricultural and Biological Engineering www.abe.ufl.edu/ dhaman at ufl.edu
University of Georgia Biological and Agricultural Engineering www.engr.uga.edu donleo at engr.uga.edu
University of Illinois Agricultural and Biological Engineering abe.illinois.edu/ kcting at Illinois.edu
University of Kentucky Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering jokko.bae.uky.edu/BAEHome.asp sue.nokes at uky.edu
University of Nebraska-Lincoln Biological Systems Engineering bse.unl.edu mriley3 at unl.edu
University of Manitoba Biosystems Engineering http://umanitoba.ca/ headbio at cc.umanitoba.ca
University of Minnesota Bioproducts and Biosystems Engineering www.bbe.umn.edu/ shri at umn.edu
University of Missouri Biological Engineering bioengineering.missouri.edu/ TanJ at missouri.edu
University of Saskatchewan Biosystems Engineering and Soil Science www.engr.usask.ca Pat.Hunchak at usask.ca
University of Tennessee Biosystems Engineering & Soil Science bioengr.ag.utk.edu edrumm at utk.edu
University of Wisconsin Biological Systems Engineering bse.wisc.edu/ bse at wisc.edu
Université Laval Génie Agroenvironnemental [3]
Utah State University Biological Engineering be.usu.edu ron.sims at usu.edu
Virginia Polytechnic University Biological Systems Engineering www.bse.vt.edu mlwolfe at vt.edu

Mexico, Central and South America[edit]

Institution Department Web site
Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, Peru School of Agricultural Engineering [4]
Universidad Autónoma Chapingo, Mexico Irrigation, Soils, Plant Science Department portal.chapingo.mx/irrigacion/
Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Mexico Agricultural Engineering http://www.uaaan.mx/v3/
Universidad de Costa Rica, Costa Rica Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering [5]
National University of Colombia Agricultural Engineering www.ing.unal.edu.co/
Federal University of Grande Dourados, Brazil Agricultural Engineering http://portal.ufgd.edu.br/
University of Campinas, Brazil Agricultural Engineering www.unicamp.br/unicamp/[permanent dead link]
University of São Paulo, Brazil Biosystems Engineering [6]
Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil Agricultural Engineering [7]
Federal University of Lavras, Brazil Engineering Department [8]
Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil Engineering Centre [9]
Pontifical Catholic University of Chile Faculty of Agronomy & Forest Engineering http://agronomia.uc.cl/
University of Concepción (Campus Chillán), Chile Agricultural Engineering [10]
Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina Faculty of Agronomy (FAUBA) [11]
Universidad Nacional de Río Cuarto, Argentina Faculty of Agronomy and Veterinary (FAV) [12]

Europe[edit]

Institution Department Web site
Agricultural Engineering Agricultural Engineering and Technology http://eng.au.dk/
Agricultural University of Athens, Greece Natural Resources Management and Agricultural Engineering http://www.aua.gr/
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece Hydraulics, Soil science and Agricultural Engineering http://www.agro.auth.gr/
Ankara University, Turkey Agricultural Engineering agri.ankara.edu.tr
Akdeniz University, Turkey Agricultural machinery and Technology Engineering [13]
Atatürk University, Turkey Agricultural Structures and Irrigation www.atauni.edu.tr
Ege University, Turkey Faculty of Agriculture [14]
ETH Zurich, Switzerland Agricultural Science https://www.ethz.ch/
Harran University, Turkey Agricultural Machinery ziraat.harran.edu.tr
Harran University, Turkey Agricultural Structures and Irrigation ziraat.harran.edu.tr
Namik Kemal University, Turkey Agricultural Engineering http://ziraat-en.nku.edu.tr/
University of Bologna, Italy Agricultural engineering and mechanics http://www.unibo.it/
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Spain Agricultural Engineering http://www.upc.edu/
Leibniz University Hannover, Germany Water Resources and Environmental Management http://www.bgt-hannover.de/
University of Hohenheim, Germany Institute of Agricultural Engineering www.uni-hohenheim.de/
University of Reading, UK Agricultural Engineering http://www.reading.ac.uk/
University of Liège, Belgium Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, [15]
Universiteit Gent, Belgium Faculty of Bioscience Engineering [16]
K.U. Leuven, Belgium Faculty of Bioscience Engineering www.kuleuven.be/english
Szent Istvan University, Hungary Faculty of Mechanical Engineering www.gek.szie.hu
U.C. Louvain, Belgium Faculty of Bioscience Engineering [17]
University of Lisbon, Portugal Instituto Superior de Agronomia www.isa.utl.pt/

University of Évora, Portugal

University of Algarve, Portugal Faculty of Sciences and Technology www.ualg.pt/home/en/curso/1459
University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Portugal Agronomy http://ecav.utad.pt/vPT/Area2/Departamentos/agronomia
University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Austria Sustainable Agricultural Systems http://www.boku.ac.at/
University College Dublin, Ireland Biosystems Engineering www.ucd.ie/eacollege/biosystems/
University of Debrecen, Hungary Agricultural Engineering http://edu.unideb.hu/

Asia[edit]

Institution Department Web site
Hokkaido University, Japan /School of Agriculture/Graduate School of Agriculture/Research Faculty of Agriculture Department of Bioresource and Environmental Engineering https://www.agr.hokudai.ac.jp/s/bioresource-and-environmental-engineering
Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Japan Department of Agro-environmental Science, Division of Environmental and Agricultural Engineering http://www.obihiro.ac.jp/~doboku/index.html
Hirosaki University, Japan Department Of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering http://nature.cc.hirosaki-u.ac.jp/department/regional/
Japan, Kitasato University, School of Veterinary Medicine Division of Environmental Bioscience https://www.kitasato-u.ac.jp/vmas/faculty/re/index.html
Japan, Iwate University, Faculty of Agriculture Department of Environmental Sciences http://news7a1.atm.iwate-u.ac.jp/english/e_env.html
Japan, Miyagi University, School of Project Design Department of Regional creation science class and Regional Studies course http://www.myu.ac.jp/site/gakumu/chiiki.html [18]
Japan, Akita Prefectural University, Faculty of Systems Science and Technology Department of Agribusiness, Agricultural production technology system "Agri Technology Group" and agricultural and rural infrastructure and environmental system "Rural Engineering Group" https://www.akita-pu.ac.jp/language/EN/intro.html
Japan, Yamagata University, Faculty of Agriculture Department of Food, Life and Environmental Sciences, Environmental Science and Technology for Water and Land Use https://www.tr.yamagata-u.ac.jp/~water/course/
Japan, Ibaraki University's College of Agriculture, Course of Regional symbiotic Department of Regional and Comprehensive Agriculture http://www.agr.ibaraki.ac.jp/summary/local/local_course.html
Japan, Utsunomiya University, School of Agriculture Division of Environmental Engineering http://agri.mine.utsunomiya-u.ac.jp/hpe/depart/04.html
Japan, University of Tsukuba, School of Life and Environmental Sciences Master's College of Agro-Biological Resource Sciences, Biological resources Science, Biological and Environmental Engineering area http://www.life.tsukuba.ac.jp/programs/seibutusigen/index.html
Japan, University of Tsukuba, School of Life and Environmental Sciences Doctor's College of Agro-Biological Resource Sciences, International territorial Technology Development Science, Ecoregions Foundation of Development Studies area http://www.life.tsukuba.ac.jp/programs/tien/index.html
Japan, University of Tsukuba, Undergraduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences College of Agro-Biological Resource Sciences, Course of Enviomental Engineering https://www.bres.tsukuba.ac.jp/
The University of Tokyo/Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences and Faculty of Agriculture Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering/Environmental and Resource Sciences Course, Major in Biological and Environmental Engineering https://www.a.u-tokyo.ac.jp/
Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology/Graduate School of Agriculture and Faculty of Agriculture Graduate School Department of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering / Department of Ecoregion Science, Agricultural and Environmental Engineering Department http://web.tuat.ac.jp/~ageng/
Tokyo University Of Agriculture/Graduate School of Agriculture and Faculty of Agriculture Agriculture Graduate School of Agricultural Engineering / Department of Regional Environment Science production environment http://www.nodai.ac.jp/academics/reg/eng/
Meiji University, School of Agriculture Department of Agriculture, Production and Environment Engineering course https://www.meiji.ac.jp/agri/laboratory/index.html
Nihon University (Fujisawa, Kanagawa)/Graduate School of Bioresource Science/College of Bioresource Science Department of Bioenvironmental and Agricultural Engineering http://hp.brs.nihon-u.ac.jp/~bae/
Japan, Shinshu University, Faculty of Agriculture Department of Agriculture (Ina Campus), Division of Forest and Environmental Symbiosis Science https://www.shinshu-u.ac.jp/faculty/agriculture/english/education/#divForest
Japan, Niigata University, Faculty of Agriculture Department of Agriculture, Program of Environmental Sciense for Agriculture and Forestry https://www.agr.niigata-u.ac.jp/english
Japan, Ishikawa Prefectural University, Faculty of Bioresources and Environmental Sciences Department of Environmental Science http://www.ishikawa-pu.jp/undergraduate/environmental_science/index.html
Japan, Gifu University, Graduate School of Applied Biological Sciences and Faculty of Applied Biological Sciences Applied Biological Sciences Department of production environmental science course environment ecology science course http://www.abios.gifu-u.ac.jp/eng/
Japan, Mie University, School of Agriculture Symbiotic environment Department of Earth Environmental Design Education, Irrigation, Drainage and Reclamation Engineering Course http://agri.mine.utsunomiya-u.ac.jp/hpe/depart/04.html
Japan, The University of Shiga Prefecture, School of Environmental Science Department of Biological Resources Management https://www.usp.ac.jp/english/gakubu/kankyo/gakka/#seibutsu
Japan, Kyoto University/Graduate School of Agriculture / School of Agriculture Graduate School Department of Environmental Sciences and Technology /School Department of Environmental Sciences and Technology https://www.kais.kyoto-u.ac.jp/japanese/undergraduate/dep_agrienv/
Japan, Osaka Prefecture University/College of Life, Environment, and Advanced Sciences/Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences School of Environmental Sciences and Technology, Environmental Resource Management Studies territory https://www.osakafu-u.ac.jp/en/academics/graduate/g_life_envi/
Japan, Kobe University/Graduate School of Agricultural Science and Faculty of Agriculture Department of Agricultural Engineering and Economics Production Environmental Engineering course, Regional Environmental Engineering Program http://www.ans.kobe-u.ac.jp/jyukensei/eng/
Japan, Kindai University,(Nara Campus) Graduate School & Undergraduate Faculty of Agriculture Department of Environmental Management https://www.kindai.ac.jp/english/academics/undergraduate/agriculture/
Japan, Okayama University, Graduate School & Undergraduate Faculty of Agriculture Department of Environmental Sciences and Technology http://www.est.okayama-u.ac.jp/index_e.html
Japan, Tottori University, Graduate School & Undergraduate Faculty of Faculty of Agriculture Department of Agriculturel,Life and Environmental Science, International Arid Land Agriculture course http://muses.muses.tottori-u.ac.jp/subject/leas/course/kansou/
Japan, Shimane University, Graduate School & Undergraduate Faculty of Life and Environmental Science Department of Symbiotic Science, Regional Engineering Course http://www.ess.shimane-u.ac.jp/course/pg160.html
Japan, Ehime University, Graduate School & Undergraduate Faculty of Agriculture Department of Science and Technology for Biological Resources and Environment, Course of Rural Engineering http://www.agr.ehime-u.ac.jp/en/faculty-department/biological-environment/bre02.html
Japan, Kochi University, Graduate School & Undergraduate Faculty of Agriculture and Marine Sciences(Mononobe Campus) Department of Agriculture, Forestry, Bioresource and Environmental Sciences, Production environment management science area http://www.kochi-u.ac.jp/agrimar/english/graduate/index.html
Japan, Kyushu University, Graduate School & Undergraduate Faculty of Agriculture Category A: Agricultural Resources, Engineering and Economics http://www.agr.kyushu-u.ac.jp/
Japan, Saga University, Graduate School & Undergraduate Faculty of Agriculture Agro-Environmental Sciences, Agro-Environmental Conservation http://www.ag.saga-u.ac.jp/
Japan, University of Miyazaki, Graduate School & Undergraduate Faculty of Agriculture Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences/Department of Forest and Environmental Sciences(a part) http://www.agr.miyazaki-u.ac.jp/english/
Japan, Kagoshima University, Graduate School & Undergraduate Faculty of Agriculture School of Environmental Sciences and Technology, Environmental Resource Management Studies territory http://ace1.agri.kagoshima-u.ac.jp/en/
Japan, University of the Ryukyus, Graduate School & Undergraduate Faculty of Agriculture Department of Regional Agricultural Engineering, Course of Biosystems Engineering, Course of Rural Environmental Engineering http://www.u-ryukyu.ac.jp/en/mains/faculties/faculty_agr.php
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, India Agricultural Engineering https://sites.google.com/a/tnau.ac.in/aecrikum/

https://sites.google.com/a/tnau.ac.in/aecri-cbe/

CCS Haryana Agricultural University,Hisar,India Agricultural Engineering http://hau.ernet.in/coaet/coaet.php
KCAET, Kerala Agricultural University Agricultural Engineering https://kcaet.ac.in/
Nims University,Jaipur,India Agricultural Engineering https://web.archive.org/web/20160813023642/http://nimsuniversity.org/schools/nims-engineering-technology-schools/nims-school-of-agricultural-engineering/
IIT KHARAGPUR Agricultural Engineering http://www.agri.iitkgp.ernet.in/
Institute Of Engineering – Purwanchal Campus, Tribhuvan University, Dharan, Nepal Agricultural Engineering http://www.ioepc.edu.np
North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology, India Agricultural Engineering http://www.nerist.ac.in
Acharya N G Ranga Agricultural University, Bapatla, India Agricultural Engineering and Technology www.caebapatla.co.in
Punjab Agricultural University,Ludhiana,Punjab,India Agricultural Engineering [19]
G.B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar Agricultural Engineering [20]
Nagaland University Agricultural Engineering and Technology [21]
China Agricultural University Agricultural Engineering english.cau.edu.cn/col/col5470/index.html
Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University, China Agricultural Soil and Water Engineering en.nwsuaf.edu.cn/
Shanghai Jiatong University, China Biological Engineering; Food Science and Engineering en.sjtu.edu.cn/academics/undergraduate-programs/
Xi’an Jiaotong University, China Energy and Power Engineering nd.xjtu.edu.cn/web/English.htm
Yunnan Agricultural University, China Agricultural Water-Soil Engineering www.at0086.com/YUNNAU
Zhejiang University, China Biosystems Engineering and Food Science www.caefs.zju.edu.cn/en/index.asp
Odisha University of Agriculture & Technology Agricultural Engineering http://www.ouat.ac.in/[permanent dead link]
Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture and Technology, Allahabad, India Agricultural, Water, Resources, Food, and Energy Engineering http://shuats.edu.in/
Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering [22]
Institut Teknologi Sumatera, Indonesia Biosystem Engineering [23]
Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia Mechanical and Biosystem Engineering, Food Science and Technology, Agroindustrial Technology, Civil and Environmental Engineering [24]
Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering [25]
University of Southeastern Philippines Agricultural Engineering [26]
Bangladesh Agricultural University Agricultural Engineering and Food Engineering [27]
Sylhet Agricultural University Agricultural Engineering and Technology [28]
Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science & Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh Agricultural Engineering [29]
University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru,Karnataka, India Agricultural Engineering www.uasbangalore.edu.in
University of agricultural sciences, Raichur, Karnataka, India Agricultural Engineering http://uasraichur.edu.in/index.php/en/
Southern Philippines Agri-Business and Marine and Aquatic School of Technology, Digos City, Davao del Sur Agricultural Engineering [30]
Xavier University – Ateneo de Cagayan, Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines Agricultural Engineering http://www.xu.edu.ph/
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar Pakistan Agricultural Engineering, Soil and Water Conservation Engineering, Farm Machinery [31]
King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang (KMITL), Bangkok, Thailand Agricultural Engineering [32]
Central Mindanao University – Maramag, Bukidnon Agricultural Engineering http://www.cmu.edu.ph/
A. S. ENGINEERING ENTERPRISE – RAMRAJATALA, HOWRAH Agricultural Equipment http://www.asagroups.com/
Central Luzon State University (CLSU) Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering http://www.cenclsu.ph/
PJTS Agricultural University, Hyderabad Agricultural Engineering http://www.pjtsau.ac.in
Bahawal-din-Zakriya University Multan,Pakistan(BZU) Agricultural Engineering https://www.bzu.edu.pk/
Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia Biosystems Engineering https://bioprocess.unimap.edu.my/index.php/academic/undergraduate-programmes/19-biosystems-engineering-undergraduate
Sindh Agriculture university tandojaam Agricultural Engineering sau.edu.pk

Oceania[edit]

Institution Department Web site
University of Southern Queensland, Australia School of Civil Engineering and Surveying, Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences www.usq.edu.au
Flinders University, Australia School of Computer Science, Engineering and Mathematics flinders.edu.au

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "ASABE". www.asabe.org. Retrieved 2018-04-13.
  2. ^ "ASABE website". Archived from the original on 14 May 2009. Retrieved 15 May 2009.

Further reading[edit]

  • Brown, R.H. (ed). (1988). CRC handbook of engineering in agriculture. Boca Raton, FL.: CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-3860-3.
  • Field, H. L., Solie, J. B., & Roth, L. O. (2007). Introduction to agricultural engineering technology: a problem solving approach. New York: Springer. ISBN 0-387-36913-9.
  • Stewart, Robert E. (1979). Seven decades that changed America: a history of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, 1907-1977. St. Joseph, Mich.: ASAE. OCLC 5947727.
  • DeForest, S. S. (2007). The vision that cut drugery from farming forever. St. Joseph, Mich.: ASAE. ISBN 1-892769-61-1.

External links[edit]