Agriculture and Food Act of 1981

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Agriculture and Food Act of 1981
Great Seal of the United States
Long titleAn Act to provide price and income protection for farmers, assure consumers an abundance of food and fiber at reasonable prices, continue food assistance to low-income households, and for other purposes.
  • 1981 U.S. Farm Bill
  • Agricultural Land Resources Policy Act
Enacted bythe 97th United States Congress
EffectiveDecember 22, 1981
Public law97–98
Statutes at Large95 Stat. 1213
Legislative history
Major amendments

The Agriculture and Food Act of 1981 (Pub.L. 97–98, also known as the 1981 U.S. Farm Bill) was the 4-year omnibus farm bill that continued and modified commodity programs through 1985. It set specific target prices for 4 years, eliminated rice allotments and marketing quotas, lowered dairy supports, and made other changes affecting a wide range of USDA activities. The next year this farm bill was amended to freeze the dairy price support level and mandate loan rates and acreage reserve provisions for the 1983 crops (Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1982, Pub.L. 97–253). Again in 1984, amendments were adopted to freeze target prices, authorize paid land diversion for feed grains, upland cotton, and rice, and provide a wheat payment-in-kind program for 1984 (Agricultural Programs Adjustment Act of 1984, Pub.L. 98–258).


  • Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from the Congressional Research Service document: Jasper Womach. "Report for Congress: Agriculture: A Glossary of Terms, Programs, and Laws, 2005 Edition" (PDF).