Agriculture in Serbia

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Over 60% of Serbia is arable land

Agriculture in Serbia is still an important section of Serbian economy with an annual potential of EUR 12 billion in exports.[1] The total area of agricultural land exceeds 6.12 million hectares.[2][3] Agricultural production is most prominent in Northern Serbia on the fertile Pannonian Plain, and the southern lowlands adjacent to the Sava, Danube and Great Morava rivers. There has been in a sharp decline in agricultural activity since 1948, when almost three-quarters of the population engaged in farming, to the present one-quarter.[4]


Serbia produces various agricultural products, mostly grains, fruits and vegetables which constitute a significant part of its GDP and exports. Serbia is number two producer of raspberries (84,299 tons, second to Russia) and plums (146,776 tons, second to China) in the world, it is also significant producer of maize (6,158,120 tons, ranked 32nd in the world) and wheat (2,095,400 tons, ranked 35th in the world). The production of sugar beet (2,299,770 tons) and sunflower seeds (454,282 tons) meets domestic demand for sugar and vegetable oil and permits export of some 180,000 tons of sugar to the European Union.[5]


A vineyard near Vlasotince, Serbia

There are nearly 70,000 hectares of vineyards in Serbia, producing about 425,000 tons of grapes annually, which position Serbia among the first 15 wine producing countries in the world. The majority of production is dedicated to local wineries.

Major varieties include the Belgrade Seedless, Prokupac, Sauvignon, "Italian Riesling", Cabernet, Chardonnay, White and Red Burgundy, Hamburg, Muscat, Afus Ali, Vranac, Tamjanika, Krstac, Smederevka, and Dinka.

Wine production in 2004 was 1,550,000 litres.

Fruit production[edit]

Fruit farms cover over 310,000 hectares of arable land in Serbia.

Fruit production volume in tons (2012):[6]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Serbia's agricultural potential - EUR 12 billion". B92. 15 March 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  2. ^ "Food Industry". SIEPA. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  3. ^ "Agriculture and Enlargement" (PDF). European Commission. May 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 May 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  4. ^ "Agriculture and forestry". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  5. ^ "Serbia Overview". Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Archived from the original on 1 April 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  6. ^ "Food Industry in Serbia" (PDF). SIEPA. Retrieved 14 June 2013.