|• Mayor (2008–2020)||Christian Vimpère|
|Area1||18.74 km2 (7.24 sq mi)|
|• Density||44/km2 (110/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||16003 / 16110|
|Elevation||70–134 m (230–440 ft)
(avg. 83 m or 272 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Agritois or Agritoises, alternatively Agritauds or Agritaudes
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Administration
- 5 Administration
- 6 Demography
- 7 Economy
- 8 Facilities, services and local life
- 9 Culture and heritage
- 10 See also
- 11 Notes and references
Location and access
The town is also traversed by the D11 from Vars to Chasseneuil-sur-Bonnieure and the D12 to Angoulême as well as by minor departmental roads: the D175 from Pont-d'Agris to Saint-Claud by the Bois de Bel-Air, the D40 to the nearby commune of La Rochette, and the D88 (called the Road of the Duchess) from La Rochefoucauld to Jauldes and Tourriers.
Hamlets and localities
The commune has many hamlets to the north-west of the village in the Tardoire valley. The main ones are Pont-d'Agris, located on the right bank and at the crossroads of the D6 and D11 and La Grange located on the left bank and on the D11 up to the heights of the village. On the right bank there is also the Les Camus, les Fougères, la Côte, la Brousse, les Garrauds, and on the left bank le Monac, chez Goby, les Martonnauds, les Chevilloux, which are almost part of the village. There are also les Vieilles Vaures in the south and les Treize Vents in the north
There are also many farms. The part of the forest west of the village is uninhabited.
||Coulgens||La Rochette||Les Pins|
Geology and terrain
The soil consists of limestone dating from the middle and upper Jurassic period (Callovian to Kimmeridgian from east to west). The plateau east of the Tardoire Valley is covered with alterite and flinty clay from the Massif Central close by (10 km east) and deposited during the Tertiary period. The valley is covered with alluvium and along the edges with sand and gravel terraces dating from the Quaternary period.
In the Braconne Forest there are excavations of Fosse Limousine, Fosse Mobile and Fosse Rode,[Note 1] which opens up in the form of a winding gallery in the upper reef. These collapses, sinkholes, galleries, and concretions form a caving site which is part of the La Rochefoucauld karst.
The relief of the commune is that of a low plateau sloping gently towards the valley of the Tardoire, with an average altitude of 110 m. The highest point is at an altitude of 134 m to the south-west in the Braconne forest near Gros Fayant. The lowest point is 70 m located on the Tardoire opposite the town of La Rochette. The village is 80 m above sea level.
Bandiat Valley is almost always dry in summer because its waters are absorbed by the successive sinkholes of the La Rochefoucauld karst so never reach the Tardoire Valley. The base of the Valley is nothing more than a ditch along a path between the Vieilles Vaures and the village. In winter the water still reaches the Vieilles Vaures but quickly sinks underground.
Tardoire Valley is also often dry in summer for the same reasons.
As in three-quarters of the department in the south and west, the climate is oceanic Aquitaine.
There are two hypotheses for the origin of the name Agris:
- Agris comes from the Latin Acrisium fundum or villa Acrisii meaning that the village was built around the property of a rich Gallo-Roman named Acrisius
- Agris comes from the Latin ager meaning "field"
In the Middle Ages, Agris was called Agresio.
Aerial photos reveal traces of ancient occupation in an undetermined era.
It is certain that the occupation of the site was very ancient as evidenced by the discovery of the Agris helmet, a ceremonial Celtic helmet dated from the 4th century BC. which was found in 1981 during archaeological excavations in Perrats Cave. This site's primary occupation dated to the Mesolithic period in 7000 BC. and was reused from the Neolithic period in the Bronze Age to the second Iron Age in the Roman period and also during the Middle Ages.
List of Successive Mayors of Agris
(Not all data is known)
In 2009 the commune had 823 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 3]
Distribution of Age Groups
Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Agris and Charente Department in 2009
|0 to 14 Years||17.6||19.2||17.3||15.5|
|15 to 29 Years||17.6||15.6||16.4||14.4|
|30 to 44 Years||19.7||21.5||19.2||18.5|
|45 to 59 Years||22.8||20.0||22.2||21.5|
|60 to 74 Years||14.1||13.3||15.8||16.2|
|75 to 89 Years||7.7||9.5||8.6||12.3|
- Evolution and Structure of the population of the Commune in 2009, INSEE.
- Evolution and Structure of the population of the Department in 2009, INSEE.
Agris had its peak population in 1851 then lost 43% of its population from 1851 to 1921. Since then the population has stabilized around 700-800 people.
During the 19th century three stone quarries were operating in the commune: Chez les Foucauds in La Moussière and Chez les Fouilloux.
Two grocery stores, a tobacco shop, a restaurant, a bakery and a hairdresser.
A large number of tradesmen and entrepreneurs are present in the commune: electrician, motor garage, carpenter, mason, painter, plasterer-tiler, plumber, and agricultural workers.
There are 3 rural cottages with 2 open all year.
Facilities, services and local life
Agris has a post office.
The school is an Intercommunal tecahing group (RPI) between Agris and La Rochette. Agris has the Primary School and La Rochette only the elementary school. The Agris school is located in the village.
Sport and activities
The US football club of Agris plays in the Marc Labrousse Stadium.
There is also an association for playing tennis and pétanque, an equestrian centre located in Chez Pelet, a quad bike club, a motor-cycle club, a hunting society, a club for seniors, and an association of parents.
The commune has a leisure centre and a library.
There is also an autocross circuit that hosted the championship of France several times [when?] but it has been closed since 2010.
There are two general practitioners and one home help service.
Culture and heritage
- The Casque d'Agris (Agris helmet) is a ceremonial Celtic helmet dating from the 4th century BC which was found in 1981 during archaeological excavations in the Perrats Cave, a Late Bronze Age site. The helmet was made with a shell of riveted iron covering the neck and gold plating on bronze decorated with plant motifs. It is displayed in the Angoulême museum.
- The Fouilloux site includes a moated structure dating to the Middle Bronze Age widely open to the west where stone ballast fills the moat.
- The Statue of the seated god of Agris shows the existence of Gallo-Roman "leftist gods".
- The Chateau of Fouilloux has a portal and Puyssaguet enclosure which are notable.
The commune has two sites that are registered as historical monuments:
- The Croix de la Tuilière (Tuilière Cross) is a wayside cross located at the intersection of the local road from Granges to Le Bourg and the local road from Granges to Le Chevilloux.
- The Parish Church of Saint Caprais (12th century). It depended on the priory of Saint-Florent de La Rochefoucauld. The church contains three items that are registered as historical objects:
Legend of the mobile pit: a man who killed his father and wanting to hide his corpse wandered all night to find this pit which concealed itself and moved constantly to avoid being complicit in the patricide. Exhausted, the man surrendered to police of La Rochefoucauld in the morning.
- Cantons of the Charente department
- Communes of the Charente department
- Arrondissements of the Charente department
- Agris official website (French)
- Agris on the Community of communes of Bandiat-Tardoire website (French)
- Agris, Catillus Carol, 1999 (French)
- Amigos del Románico, Descriptive page on the Romanesque Church of Saint-Caprais (French)
- Agris on Lion1906
- Agris on Google Maps
- Agris on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
- Agris on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Agris on the INSEE website (French)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- The Fosse Dufay where Trou des Duffaits is found is located at La Rochette, 100 metres north of the commune
- It is spelled this way on the Cassini website but it is probably meant to be Jaudes.
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Inhabitants of Charente (French)
- IGN Map on the Géoportail
- Google Maps
- Infoterre Visualiser, BRGM website (French)
- BRGM Map on the Géoportail (French)
- Notice on Mansle, BRGM, 1984, Infoterre, consulted on 13 November 2011 (French)
- H. Coquand, 1858
- Jean-Hippolyte Michon, Monumental Statistics of the Charente, Paris, Derache (reprinted in 1980 by Bruno Sépulchre, Paris), 1844, 334 p. (Read Online), p. 55 (French)
- Jean-Marie Cassagne and Stéphane Seguin, Origin of the names of towns and villages of Charente, Jean-Michel Bordessoules, 1998, 311 pages, p. 10, ISBN 2-913471-06-4, (French)
- The real life of our ancestors, François Dufay, 2008, Express, consulted on 20 March 2010 (French)
- Agris Helmet, Arbre celtique, consulted on 20 March 2010 (French)
- Thesis of S. Ducongé, Vol 19, revue Aquitania (French)
- List of Mayors of France (French)
- Agris on the Community of communes Bandiat-Tardoire website (French)
- The Intercommunal Teaching Groups, Academic Inspection Directorate of Charente, consulted on 29 May 2013 (French)
- Autocross circuit at Agris, Autocross-France.net, 2010, consulted on 5 February 2012 (French)
- Fouilloux website, Bulletin of the French Prehistorical Society, vol. 93, no.4, p.566-578, 1996, consulted on 20 March 2010 (French)
- Statue of God seated, Jean-Francois Buisson, José Gomez de Soto, Liaison and Information Bulletin - Association of Archeologists; Directorate of Antiquities Poitou-Charentes, ISSN 0295-3072, 2006, no.35, p.57-59, consulted on 20 March 2010 (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00104196 Croix de la Tuilière (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00104197 Parish Church of Saint Caprais (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM16000425 Harmonium (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM16000424 Winged Tabernacle (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM16000001 Stoup for holy water and Aspergillum (French)
- Walks and Stories in Charente, éditions du Soleil de Minuit, 2002, ISBN 978-2-911050-26-8 (French)
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