Agua Caliente Solar Project

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Agua Caliente Solar Project
CountryUnited States
LocationYuma County, Arizona
Coordinates32°58′00″N 113°30′00″W / 32.96667°N 113.50000°W / 32.96667; -113.50000Coordinates: 32°58′00″N 113°30′00″W / 32.96667°N 113.50000°W / 32.96667; -113.50000
StatusOperational
Construction began2011
Commission dateApril, 2014
Construction cost$1.8 billion
Owner(s)NRG Energy and BHE Renewables
Operator(s)First Solar Services
Solar farm
TypeFlat-panel PV
fixed tilt
Site area2,400 acres (971 ha)
Power generation
Units operational5.2 million First Solar panels
Nameplate capacity290 MWAC
Capacity factor28.6% (2016-2020)
Annual net output727 GW·h
External links
WebsiteAgua Caliente Solar Project

The Agua Caliente Solar Project is a 290 megawatt (MWAC) photovoltaic power station, built in Yuma County, Arizona using 5.2 million cadmium telluride modules made by the U.S. thin-film manufacturer First Solar. It was the largest solar facility in the world when the project was commissioned in April 2014.[1][2]

History[edit]

39 MW was online as of December 2011 and 100 MW was completed as of April 2012.[3][4] 200 MW was completed as of July 2012,[5] and 247 MW in August 2012, when the 10th section was completed.[6] The addition of more panels has halted until 2013, with crates of panels covered to protect them.[7] Full power was achieved ahead of schedule in September 2013.[8]

Project overview[edit]

In August 2011, the Department of Energy finalized a $967 million loan guarantee for the project. The project sponsor, NRG Solar, estimated the photovoltaic generation facility would fund approximately 400 construction jobs and 16 full-time operating jobs, and would become one of the largest plants of its kind in the world when completed.[9] The power produced is being sold to PG&E (Pacific Gas & Electric) in California in a 25-year Power Purchase Agreement.[10][11]

The Series 3 thin film panels use CdS/CdTe,[12] and are rated from 77 watts to 82.5 watts each,[13] and are mounted at a fixed tilt angle. 20,940 are connected in each array, rated at 1.26 MWAC. 400 SMA 720CP inverters were initially foreseen, but in the end 500 SMA 630CP are used.[14][15] Installed modules total power is 410 megawatt-peak (MWDC).[16]

Award[edit]

In February 2012, Agua Caliente competed in the Excellence in Renewable Energy Awards and won Project of the Year Award.[11]

Electricity production[edit]

Agua Caliente Solar Project's production is as follows, averaging 727 GW·h annual, yielding about 300 MW·h/acre.[8]

Generation (MW·h) of Agua Caliente Solar Project [8]
Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
2012 2,830 41,750 49,640 50,440 52,650 54,140 52,830 41,780 33,535 379,595
2013 34,138 45,555 53,720 61,050 64,998 65,452 63,631 61,470 64,870 64,605 48,294 47,742 675,525
2014 50,790 50,560 66,490 69,912 74,990 73,533 71,022 67,401 63,912 60,676 55,189 36,706 741,181
2015 46,007 54,670 65,495 70,829 72,742 69,880 69,307 70,319 60,023 56,974 54,110 49,378 739,734
2016 49,412 58,327 67,227 66,997 75,385 69,159 73,136 69,135 60,662 60,662 50,348 43,083 743,533
2017 47,671 46,840 67,082 68,626 72,991 72,219 68,464 68,565 63,263 61,654 45,679 45,686 728,740
2018 50,151 50,877 63,711 67,512 74,187 69,705 64,469 69,550 63,477 56,043 51,746 41,896 723,324
2019 45,979 46,912 62,930 67,181 71,999 71,168 66,646 70,400 62,679 64,270 47,119 38,884 716,167
2020 49,620 52,221 57,708 68,379 73,737 69,996 70,568 65,616 61,024 59,763 50,358 45,691 724,681
Total 6,172,480

The Loan Programs Office projected annual generation, calculated using the project's and NREL Technology specific capacity factors, was of 559 GW·h.[17] Sector estimates predicted an average production of about 626 GW·h each year. [15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World's Biggest Solar PV Plant a Feather in DOE's Cap". breakingenergy.com. April 30, 2014. Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  2. ^ "Agua Caliente, World's Largest Solar Photovoltaic Plant, Helps Advance America's Solar Leadership". U.S. Department of Energy. April 29, 2014. Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  3. ^ Cheyney, Tom (October 14, 2011). "Utility-scale with a capital 'U': First Solar's Agua Caliente PV project pushes toward initial power". PVTech. Archived from the original on 2012-07-22. Retrieved 2012-07-18.
  4. ^ "Arizona project reaches 100MW mark". UPI. 26 April 2012.
  5. ^ Katie Fehrenbacher (16 July 2012). "Huge Arizona solar panel farm now 2/3 completed". Archived from the original on 2012-07-17. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
  6. ^ "World's Largest Operational Solar PV Project, Agua Caliente, Achieves 250 Megawatts of Grid-Connected Power" (Press release). Tempe, Arizona: First Solar. September 10, 2012. Archived from the original on 2013-05-01. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
  7. ^ Martin, Christopher; Doom, Justin (August 30, 2012). "First Solar Stops Installation at Agua Caliente Project". Bloomberg. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c "Agua Caliente Solar Project, Monthly". Electricity Data Browser. Energy Information Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  9. ^ "Department of Energy Finalizes a $967 Million Loan Guarantee to Support the Agua Caliente Solar Project". Energy.gov. August 5, 2011.
  10. ^ "Agua Caliente Solar Project". CleanEnergy Action Project. Archived from the original on 2013-08-13. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
  11. ^ a b "Excellence in Renewable Energy Awards Winners: Project of the Year and Readers' Choice". Renewable Energy World. 17 February 2012. Archived from the original on 9 April 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2021.
  12. ^ http://www.power-technology.com The world's biggest solar power plants, 29 August 2013
  13. ^ "Top Plant: Agua Caliente Solar Project, Yuma County, Arizona". December 1, 2014.
  14. ^ Olson, Syanne (March 7, 2012). "SMA tapped to deliver more than 400 inverters for Agua Caliente solar project". PVTech. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
  15. ^ a b "Top Plant: Agua Caliente Solar Project, Yuma County, Arizona". www.powermag.com. Access Intelligence, LLC. 1 December 2014. Archived from the original on 18 August 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2021. The plant is predicted to produce an average of about 626 GWh each year
  16. ^ "Session 4 - PV Plant Design and Operations" (PDF). www.osti.gov. 18 September 2012. p. 9. Archived from the original on 20 March 2021. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  17. ^ "Agua Caliente". Loan Programs Office. www.energy.gov. U.S. Department of Energy. 2011. Archived from the original on 12 January 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2021. Agua Caliente is expected to generate 559,000 MWh of clean energy annually

External links[edit]