Aguada, Puerto Rico

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Aguada

Municipio de Aguada
City and Municipality
Josue sargento culon de la infanteria 14.
The main plaza and the Roman Catholic Church of Aguada
Jesus figueroa jusino alcalde de orocovis.
Flag
Enrique Roman delegado apostolico en moca.
Coat of arms
Nicknames: 
Anthem: "Muchos siglos han pasado"
Location of Aguada in Puerto Rico
Location of Aguada in Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 18°22′46″N 67°11′18″W / 18.37944°N 67.18833°W / 18.37944; -67.18833Coordinates: 18°22′46″N 67°11′18″W / 18.37944°N 67.18833°W / 18.37944; -67.18833
Commonwealth Puerto Rico
Founded1493 (disputed[1])
Government
 • MayorManuel "Gabina" Santiago Mendoza (Partido Nuevo Progresista)
 • Senatorial dist.4 - Mayagüez
 • Representative dist.18
Area
 • Total45.55 sq mi (118.0 km2)
 • Land30.93 sq mi (80.1 km2)
 • Water14.62 sq mi (37.9 km2)  32[2]%
Population
 (2010[3])
 • Total41,959
 • Density920/sq mi (360/km2)
Demonym(s)Aguadeños
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
Zip code
00602
Major routesPR primary 2.svg PR secondary 115.svg PR secondary 417.svg Ellipse sign 110.svg
Websiteaguada.gov.pr

Aguada (/əˈɡwɑːdə/; Spanish: [aˈɣwaða]) is a municipality of Puerto Rico (U.S.), located in the western coastal valley region bordering the Atlantic Ocean, east of Rincón, west of Aguadilla and Moca; and north of Añasco and Mayagüez. It is part of the Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastián Metropolitan Statistical Area. Aguada's population is spread over 17 wards and Aguada Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city).

History[edit]

According to sources, a Taíno settlement called Aymamón was located close to the Culebrinas River.[4] Although there is dispute to it, some sources believe that Christopher Columbus entered the island of Puerto Rico through Aguada on his second voyage in November 1493.[5][6]

In July 1510, Cristóbal de Sotomayor received control of the area from Juan Ponce de León and renamed the town Villa de Sotomayor. [7] However, in 1511 the settlement was attacked and burned by the local Taínos. That same year, the King ordered a monastery established in the island, and the Ermita de Espinar was founded. The name of the region was then changed to San Francisco de Asís de la Aguada, since the friars were Franciscan. The monastery was finished in 1516. In 1526, King Charles I of Spain officially founded the Aguada settlement. However, in 1529, Taínos attacked the monastery killing the friars and burning the settlement.[8]

Still, Aguada resurfaced and became a stopover point for ships on their way to Spain from South America. On September 17, 1662, King Charles II of Spain emitted a Royal Decree declaring Aguada as a "village", and assigning Juan López de Segura as First Lieutenant.[8]

In 1737, Philip V, King of Spain, declared that all mail en route to Venezuela and other South American countries from Puerto Rico must exit from Aguada's ports, leading to the area's economic growth. Also, an increase in population has been attributed to possible desertions from foreign merchant ships.[9]

In the early years of the 20th Century, two disasters affected the town of Aguada. First, a huge fire in 1912 destroyed most of the town buildings, including the old city hall, which contained all the city archives. On October 11, 1918 at 10:14:42 local time an earthquake known as the San Fermín earthquake destroyed the church and other structures.[10] At Rio Culebrinas, 1000 kg blocks of limestone from the wrecked Columbus monument were carried inland to distances of 46–76 meters (151–249 feet) by waves 4.0 m (13.1 ft) high.[11]

Folklore[edit]

El Matador de Tiburones (the killer of sharks) is folklore that comes out of Aguada and was written around 1640. A young man who was accustomed to fighting sharks, was without his religious, good luck charms, when he was asked to demonstrate his shark-fighting capabilities to dignitaries who were visiting the island, from Spain. All day and night he pondered whether he would or would not fight a shark because he had never fought a shark without his religious lucky charm. The Spanish had increased their offer to 3 bars of Spanish gold. In the morning, as the shark came into the bay, the spectators who were gathered on the beach screamed and yelled in anticipation. Encouraged and unable to stop himself he jumped into the sea pursuing the shark and fought the shark with his bare hands, as he had done so many times before. Only this time he was nearly killed when the shark hit him with his tail. He received his prize of gold, he healed, but never again fought a shark in the open sea.[12]

Geography[edit]

Aguada is located in the west coast of the island of Puerto Rico. It borders the Atlantic Ocean and Aguadilla on the north, Moca on the east, Añasco on the south, and Rincón on the west. Aguada is part of the Coastal Plains of the West, which features alluvial and fertile terrain. Although the terrain is mostly plain, there are some mountains to the south and southeast.[13][14]

Among the mountains located in Aguada are the Atalaya peak, located within the limits of Aguada and Rincón. Also, the San Francisco mountain, which is the birthpoint of the Cordillera Central, and Cerro Gordo, peaking at 853 feet (260 meters).[15]

Water features[edit]

Aguada's hydrographic system is composed of the Río Culebrinas, Río Grande, Río Cañas, Río Culebra, Río Guayabo, and Río Ingenio. All of these rivers flow into the Mona Passage.[13]

Barrios[edit]

Aguada map labeled with barrio subdivisions

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Aguada is subdivided into barrios:[16][17][18][19]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
190010,581—    
191011,587+9.5%
192012,981+12.0%
193014,670+13.0%
194017,923+22.2%
195020,743+15.7%
196023,234+12.0%
197025,658+10.4%
198031,567+23.0%
199035,911+13.8%
200042,042+17.1%
201041,959−0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[21]
1899 (shown as 1900)[22] 1910-1930[23]
1930-1950[24] 1960-2000[25] 2010[18]
Racial - (self-defined) Aguada, Puerto Rico
- 2010 Census[27]
Race Population % of Total
White 36,350 86.6%
Black/Afro Puerto Rican 2,226 5.3%
Native Americans and
Alaska Native
129 0.3%
Asian 22 0.1%
Native Hawaiian
Pacific Islander
0 0.0%
Some other race 2,222 5.3%
Two or more races 1,010 2.4%

In 2010, the population of Aguada was 41,959, which represented a small decrease from the 42,042 registered in the 2000 Census.[28] This has been the first decrease in population in the last century, since Aguada's population had been increasing steadily from 14,670 in 1930 to its current population.[29]

According to the 2010 Census, 86.6% of the population identifies themselves as White, and 5.3% as Black. Also, according to the census, the population is equally divided by gender (49.1% are males, while 50.1% are females). Finally, 23.7% of the population is under 18 years old. The next biggest percentage of population (20.8%) is between 35 and 49 years old.[30]

Economy[edit]

Coloso Sugar Cane Refinery

Historically, the economy of Aguada was mostly based on the processing of sugarcane. The Central Coloso, located in the Guanábano ward of Aguada, was one of the most important refineries in the island. It was also the last one to cease operations, officially closing in 2003.[14][31]

Aside from sugar mills, there was also a cattle and wood industry. As of 2012, the economy relies mostly on small businesses and manufacturing.[13]

In late 2014, the government announced a $172 million deal with private investors to restart sugar production in Puerto Rico for the purpose of supplying the island rum producers with up to 56% of the molasses needed. The plan involved building a new processing plant on the grounds of the old Coloso Sugar Cane factory in Aguada.[32]

Tourism[edit]

Aguada is part of the Porta del Sol touristic region in Puerto Rico. The Porta del Sol website highlights Aguada's town square and beaches as its most notable touristic attractions. It also mentions landmarks like the Espinar Hermitage Ruins[33] and a children playground.[34]

Landmarks and places of interest[edit]

Museo de Antiguedades, Aguada

Human resources[edit]

Education[edit]

As of 2017, there are about two dozen public schools in the town, most of them in the elementary level. Like all other municipalities in the island, public education is overseen by the Puerto Rico Department of Education.

Public health[edit]

Although there are no hospitals in Aguada, the town does have a small emergency medical center located near the town center.

Special Communities Program[edit]

In 2001, law 1-2001 was passed[35] to identify communities with high levels of poverty in Puerto Rico.[36] In 2017, Governor Rosello created a new government agency to work with the Special Communities of Puerto Rico Program.[37][38] Of the 742 places on the list of Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods are in Aguada: Parcelas Noboa Vieja and Parcelas Noboa Nuevas in Guanaquilla barrio, Calle San Francisco, Calle San José, Comunidad Las Flores, Sector Las Bimbas in Luyando comunidad, Parcelas Matías, Parcelas Nieves, and Sector García.[39]

Culture[edit]

Like most municipalities, Aguada celebrates its fiestas patronales annually. They begin in October and are dedicated to Saint Francis of Assisi.[40]

Other festivals and celebrations held in Aguada are:[41]

  • Noche de San Juan Festival - June
  • Chopa Festival - August
  • Juey Festival - October
  • Artisans Fair - November

Also, every year in the month of November, a parade called "La Parada del Descubrimento" is celebrated to remember the discovery of Puerto Rico by Christopher Columbus. In this parade the people walk from the Catholic church in the town square to the Cross of Columbus next to the beach in Guaniquilla.[42]

Sports[edit]

Los Santeros de Aguada is the name of Aguada's basketball team.[43]

Transportation[edit]

The main road leading to Aguada is PR-115, if you're coming from the north. If you're traveling from the south, you have to take PR-2.

There are 18 bridges in Aguada.[44]

Government[edit]

Mayors[edit]

All municipalities in Puerto Rico are administered by a mayor, elected every four years. The current mayor of Aguada is Manuel "Gabina" Santiago Mendoza, of the (PNP). He was elected at the 2016 general elections.

This is a list of registered and known mayors of Aguada, until present time.[45]

Years Mayor Political Party
1921 - 1928 Manuel Ruiz Gonzalez
1928 - 1932 Carlos Gonzalez
1932 - 1936 Efigenio Charneco
1936 - 1940 Femando Rivera
1940 - 1944 Andres Carrero
1944 - 1948 Juan Villarrubia Santiago PPD
1948 - 1960 Manuel Egipciaco PPD
1960 - 1968 Juan Figueroa Gonzalez PPD
1968 - 1972 Julio C. Roman Gonzalez (Yuyo) PNP
1972 - 1976 Mabel Velez de Acevedo PPD
1976 - 2000 Julio C. Roman Gonzalez (Yuyo) PNP
2000 - 2004 Miguel A. Ruiz Hernandez (Miguelito) PPD
2004 - 2012 Luis A. Echevarria Santiago (Berty) PNP
2012–2016 Jessie Cortés Ramos PPD
2017–present Manuel "Gabina" Santiago Mendoza PNP

Senate[edit]

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district IV of Mayagüez-Aguadilla, which is represented by two Senators. In 2016, Evelyn Vázquez and Luis Daniel Muñiz were elected as District Senators.[46]

Symbols[edit]

Flag[edit]

Aguada flag

Aguada's flag was designed by Pedro Vélez Adróvar. It features three main colors: white, red, and yellow. White represents purity and the waters of Culebrinas River. Over the white field, a blue triangle with a blue dove is featured. The dove is the symbol of peace that unites the towns. Red symbolizes the martyrdom of Franciscan friars from Espinal. Over the red field, there's a cross which represents the birth of Christianity in Puerto Rico. The name of "Aguada" is also above the cross. The yellow field represents happiness and hospitality of the residents. Over the yellow field, there's a star which symbolizes the hope of the town for more development and progress.[47]

Coat of Arms[edit]

Aguada coat of arms

The coat of arms is divided into two main fields. The upper field features a cross, with the interlaced arms of Christ and Father Saint Francis. It is taken from the badge of the Order of Friars Minor. It represents the motto "Pax et Bonum", which means "peace and good will between man and the Redeemer". The sun below the cross symbolizes the light that brightens the world. The lower part of the shield consists of five ships that symbolize the second voyage of Christopher Columbus, who allegedly arrived at the western "Guaniquilla" coast on November 19, 1493 to gather water. Although the precise location is disputed, the Aguada wells is a plausible site for the actual event.[citation needed]

The mural crown in the upper part of the shield signifies the title of village, that was given to this town by King Charles III in 1778. The official colors of the shield are: red, which stands for the fraternal love in Aguada; gold, for the Spanish royalty in Puerto Rico; green, for the island's hope and fertility; black, for the wooden beam of the cross; blue, for the sky and the kingship of God; and white, for Christ's purity and the purity of the people of the town toward the cultural patrimony.[48][49]

Nicknames[edit]

Aguada has various nicknames, most of them pertaining to its origins. One is "La Villa del Sotomayor" ("Sotomayor Village"), which was the name originally given to it by Cristóbal de Sotomayor during its colonization in 1510. It is also called "Villa de San Francisco de Asís de la Aguada", which was the name given to the region when the Franciscan friars took control of it. Aguada is also called "La Ciudad del Descubrimiento" ("City of the Discovery") in reference to it being one of the possible places where Christopher Columbus entered the island. Other nicknames are "El Pueblo Playero" ("The Beach Town") for its many beaches, and "La Ciudad del Vaticano" ("The Vatican City") for being considered the "capital of Catholicism" in the island.[50][51]

Anthem[edit]

The anthem of Aguada was written by Rolando Acevedo Lorenzo.[52]

Notable "Aguadeños"[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aguada: Founding and History. Accessed 10 September 2019.
  2. ^ "EPA Municipio Aguada Discharges" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-08-05. Retrieved 2018-08-05.
  3. ^ "Census Tract". Archived from the original on 2014-07-01. Retrieved 2011-04-10.
  4. ^ Caciques y Yucayeques de Puerto Rico Archived November 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine on Proyecto Salon Hogar
  5. ^ "Cristóbal Colón". Archived from the original on 2014-07-01. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
  6. ^ Aguada también quiere la estatua de Cristóbal Colón Archived 2010-11-24 at the Wayback Machine on Primera Hora; Vargas, Maelo (July 26, 2010)
  7. ^ Fuson, Robert (2000). Juan Ponce De Leon and the Spanish Discovery of Puerto Rico and Florida. Blacksburg, Virginia: McDonald & Woodward. p. 79. ISBN 0-939923-82-3.
  8. ^ a b Aguada, la Villa del Sotomayor Archived 2014-07-17 at the Wayback Machine on Proyecto Salon Hogar
  9. ^ "Aguada Municipality". Enciclopedia PR. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  10. ^ Aguada: Fundación e historia Archived 2014-07-01 at the Wayback Machine on Enciclopedia de Puerto Rico
  11. ^ Tsunamis in the Caribbean Sea - NOAA
  12. ^ "Selección de Leyendas puertorriqueñas - El Matador de Tiburones (1640)". ufdc (in Spanish). p. 27.
  13. ^ a b c Aguada Archived 2012-06-17 at the Wayback Machine on Enciclopedia de Puerto Rico
  14. ^ a b "Aguada Municipality General Info (Location, Square Miles, Economy and Geography)". enciclopediapr. Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH). Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  15. ^ Aguada Archived 2011-10-08 at the Wayback Machine on SalonHogar.com
  16. ^ Picó, Rafael; Buitrago de Santiago, Zayda; Berrios, Hector H. Nueva geografía de Puerto Rico: física, económica, y social, por Rafael Picó. Con la colaboración de Zayda Buitrago de Santiago y Héctor H. Berrios. San Juan Editorial Universitaria, Universidad de Puerto Rico,1969.
  17. ^ Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  18. ^ a b Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, U.S. Census Bureau. 2010.
  19. ^ "Map of Aguada" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-04-17. Retrieved 2018-12-29.
  20. ^ "US Census Barrio-Pueblo definition". factfinder. US Census. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  21. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  22. ^ "Report of the Census of Porto Rico 1899". War Department, Office Director Census of Porto Rico. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  23. ^ "Table 3-Population of Municipalities: 1930, 1920, and 1910" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  24. ^ "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities, Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  25. ^ "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  26. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2017-01-08. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  27. ^ Bureau, U. S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.
  28. ^ Censo 2000: Población de Puerto Rico por Municipios y Barrios Archived 2014-07-02 at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
  29. ^ "Población de Puerto Rico por Municipios: 1930-2000". CEEPUR. Archived from the original on 2013-03-21.
  30. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: Aguada, Puerto Rico". US Census 2010. Archived from the original on 2013-07-27.
  31. ^ Central Coloso Archived 2012-07-08 at the Wayback Machine on Enciclopedia de Puerto Rico
  32. ^ [1] Archived 2015-01-01 at the Wayback Machine on El Nuevo Día newspaper
  33. ^ Ruinas de la Ermita Espinar Archived 2012-10-06 at the Wayback Machine on Travel and Sports
  34. ^ Porta del Sol - Pueblos Archived June 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine on Porta del Sol
  35. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  36. ^ "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 8 August 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  37. ^ "Evoluciona el proyecto de Comunidades Especiales". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). 24 February 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  38. ^ ElVocero.com, Por. "Ya es ley Oficina para el Desarrollo Socioeconómico y Comunitario". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  39. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza:Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (Primera edición ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 273, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  40. ^ "LinkToPuertoRico.com - Aguada" (in Spanish). Proyecto Salon Hogar. Archived from the original on 2014-07-17. Retrieved 2017-12-27.
  41. ^ Pariser, Harry S. (2003). Explore Puerto Rico, Fifth Edition. San Francisco: Manatee Press. pp. 52–55. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  42. ^ "Aguada celebra sus 500 años". El Nuevo Día (in Spanish). November 21, 2010. Archived from the original on January 22, 2013.
  43. ^ VOCERO, Redacción, EL. "Bayamón y Aguada comandan en el inicio de los cuartos de final". El Vocero de Puerto Rico.
  44. ^ "Aguada Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  45. ^ Aguada... la Villa de Sotomayor Archived 2014-07-17 at the Wayback Machine on ProyectoSalonHogar
  46. ^ Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General Archived 2013-01-15 at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
  47. ^ Bandera de Aguada Archived 2012-01-06 at the Wayback Machine on Aguada Official website
  48. ^ "Banderas y escudos municipales" (Flags and Municipal Shields) by Anisa Productions Inc.
  49. ^ Escudo de Aguada Archived 2015-10-04 at the Wayback Machine on Aguada Official website
  50. ^ Aguada Archived April 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine on FiliRealty
  51. ^ "Directorio de Municipios de Puerto Rico". pr.gov.
  52. ^ Aguada Archived 2011-10-08 at the Wayback Machine on Salon Hogar
  53. ^ "Museo de Tallas de Santos" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2018-08-05. Retrieved 2018-08-05.

External links[edit]