Agudas Chasidei Chabad

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Agudas Chassidei Chabad is the umbrella organization for the worldwide Chabad-Lubavitch movement. It administers the three central Chabad Lubavitch offices: Machneh Israel, Merkos L'Inyonei Chinuch, and the Kehot Publication Society. The chairman of the Executive Committee is Rabbi Abraham Shemtov.

History[edit]

Chabad headquarters, 770 Eastern Parkway

Agudas Chasidei Chabad was established by the sixth Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Yosef Yitzchok Schneersohn in 1923. In 1940, upon his arrival in the United States, he assumed the role of President and in 1941, upon the arrival of his son-in-law, Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson, he appointed him as executive chairman.

Its initial purpose was to "unify the Chasidim (adherents) of Chabad; to establish ordinances in every Chabad synagogue concerning the communal study of Chasidus... To establish Cheders for children and with God-fearing teachers. To establish Yeshivot for students to learn, from whom Torah may spread forth... and to support the organizations founded by the previous (Chabad) Rebbes."[1][2][3]

After the passing of Rabbi Yosef Yitzchok Schneersohn in 1950, his son-in-law, Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson succeeded him as President of Agudas Chassidei Chabad. Since then, Agudas Chassidei Chabad has served as the umbrella organization for the Chabad Lubavitch movement.[4]

In 1984, Rabbi Schneerson selected several new people to serve on the board. After their appointments, the board consisted of the following:[5]

In March 1990, the documents were once again modified and Rabbi Schneerson selected a total of twenty-two individuals to serve as members on the board of the umbrella organization:[6]

Ownership of 770 Eastern Parkway[edit]

In 2010, a New York judge ruled in favor of Agudas Chasidei Chabad, deciding over an ownership dispute between the organization and the Gabbayim of the synagogue housed at 770 Eastern Parkway. The court ordered the Gabbayim to deliver possession of the premises of 770 Eastern Parkway to Agudas Chasidei Chabad.[7]

Library of Agudas Chassidei Chabad[edit]

During World War II, Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak was forced to flee from the USSR and went to Poland. He was given permission by the Soviet government to take many of his religious texts from his library with him. In March 1940, Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak managed to escape Europe for the United States, but was forced to leave his library behind. In the 1970s, many of the texts were recovered in Poland and were returned to Chabad. Today, the chief librarian is Rabbi Shalom Dovber Levine and contains over 250,000 books.[8][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ancient Tales Reveal Answers to the Greatest Mysteries of Life – Boulder Jewish News". boulderjewishnews.org.
  2. ^ "JLI Launches New Course on Fascinating Talmudic Tales • CrownHeights.info - Chabad News, Crown Heights News, Lubavitch NewsCrownHeights.info – Chabad News, Crown Heights News, Lubavitch News". crownheights.info.
  3. ^ "Chabad offers new six-week course in Clinton".
  4. ^ American Jewish Year Book 2014. Page 498.
  5. ^ "ח"י שנים ליחידות אגו"ח - שטורעם.נט כל חב"ד יודעת". www.shturem.net.
  6. ^ Lpkin, Binyamin. Cheshbono Shel Olam. Pages 56-66.
  7. ^ Line, Chabad On. "Aguch Wins 770 Shul". collive. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  8. ^ Fitzgerald, Sean M. "Teachings of the Torah brought to life weekly at Linwood Library".
  9. ^ "Learning to Live with Integrity". 21 February 2013. Archived from the original on 29 March 2015.

External links[edit]