Agusan del Norte

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Agusan del Norte
Flag of Agusan del Norte
Official seal of Agusan del Norte
Location in the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 09°10′N 125°30′E / 9.167°N 125.500°E / 9.167; 125.500Coordinates: 09°10′N 125°30′E / 9.167°N 125.500°E / 9.167; 125.500
Country Philippines
Region Caraga (Region XIII)
Founded June 17, 1967
Capital Cabadbaran City
Seat of government:
Butuan City
 • Type Province of the Philippines
 • Governor Maria Angelica Rosedell Amante-Matba (Liberal)
 • Vice Governor Ramon AG Bungabong (Liberal)
 • Total 2,730.24 km2 (1,054.15 sq mi)
Area rank 48th out of 81
  Excluding Butuan City
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 332,487
 • Rank 63rd out of 81
 • Density 120/km2 (320/sq mi)
 • Density rank 63rd out of 81
  Excluding Butuan City
 • Independent cities 1
 • Component cities 1
 • Municipalities 10
 • Barangays 166
including independent cities: 252
 • Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Agusan del Norte (shared with Butuan City)
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 8600 to 8611
Dialing code 85
ISO 3166 code PH-AGN
Spoken languages Cebuano, Tagalog, English, Surigaonon
‡ As per RA 8811, Cabadbaran is the officially-designated capital of the province. However, the provincial government still holds office in Butuan City, pending the actual transfer of provincial offices to the new capital.

Agusan del Norte (Tagalog: Hilagang Agusan, Cebuano: Amihanang Agusan) is a province in the Philippines located in the Caraga region in Mindanao. Its capital is the city of Cabadbaran and it borders Surigao del Norte to the north, Surigao del Sur to the east, Agusan del Sur to the south, and Misamis Oriental to the west. It faces Butuan Bay, part of the Bohol Sea, to the northwest.


An old 1880 Spanish map showing the current province territory as part of Surigao.

During the Spanish colonial period, Agusan was part of Surigao province. In 1911, the American government separated it from Surigao, creating the Agusan province.[3]

In 1942, the Japanese Imperial forces landed in Northern Agusan.

In 1945, Filipino soldiers of the 6th, 10th, 101st, 102nd, 103rd, 107th and 110th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and the 10th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary together with the recognized Agusan guerrilla fighter units against the Japanese forces beginning the liberation in Northern Agusan during World War II.

During World War II, a unit of the joint Philippine-American defense force were located at Manot, Talacogon, in the interior of the Agusan Valley.

In 1967, by virtue of Republic Act 4979, Agusan province was divided into two provinces, creating Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur.[4]

On August 16, 2000, the seat of provincial government was transferred from Butuan City to Cabadbaran by virtue of Republic Act 8811,[5] although the province is yet to complete the transfer of provincial services and functions to the new capital.



Located in the northeastern part of Mindanao, the province is bounded on the north by Butuan Bay and Surigao del Norte; east by Surigao del Sur; west by Misamis Oriental; and south and southeast by Agusan del Sur. Agusan del Norte occupies a total land area of 2,730.24 square kilometres (1,054.15 sq mi). When Butuan City is included for geographical purposes, the province's land area is 3,546.86 square kilometres (1,369.45 sq mi).[1]


The central portion of the province forms the lower basin of the third longest river in the country, the Agusan, its mouth located at the Butuan Bay. Consequently, the terrain surrounding the river features flat to rolling lands. Mountainous terrain dominate the northeastern and western areas.[3]

The country's fourth largest lake, Lake Mainit is situated at the northern border between the province of Surigao del Norte.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Agusan del Norte is divided into 10 municipalities and 1 component city.

The highly urbanized city of Butuan is geographically within but administratively independent from the province. The city of Cabadbaran is the officially-designated capital of the province per Republic Act 8811, which has a total of 31 barangays, an area of 21,444 hectares (52,990 acres), population of 69,241, and population density of 323 per km².

City or
District[6] Area
(per km²)
No. of

Buenavista 2nd 475.61 56,139 118 25 8601 1st 8°58′28″N 125°24′33″E / 8.9744864°N 125.4090875°E / 8.9744864; 125.4090875 (Buenavista)
Butuan 1st 816.62 309,709 379.3 86 8600 1st 8°57′12″N 125°31′44″E / 8.9534142°N 125.5288755°E / 8.9534142; 125.5288755 (Butuan City)
Cabadbaran 2nd 214.44 69,241 322.9 31 8605 6th 9°07′22″N 125°32′05″E / 9.1228175°N 125.5346346°E / 9.1228175; 125.5346346 (Cabadbaran City)
Carmen 2nd 311.02 19,781 63.6 8 8603 4th 9°00′00″N 125°15′54″E / 8.9999623°N 125.2648773°E / 8.9999623; 125.2648773 (Carmen)
Jabonga 2nd 293.00 23,833 81.3 15 8607 3rd 9°20′33″N 125°30′59″E / 9.3425441°N 125.5163749°E / 9.3425441; 125.5163749 (Jabonga)
Kitcharao 2nd 171.92 17,377 101.1 11 8609 4th 9°27′29″N 125°34′32″E / 9.4581891°N 125.5756654°E / 9.4581891; 125.5756654 (Kitcharao)
Las Nieves 1st 582.69 26,856 46.1 20 8610 2nd 8°44′07″N 125°36′04″E / 8.7351844°N 125.6010053°E / 8.7351844; 125.6010053 (Las Nieves)
Magallanes 2nd 44.31 21,481 484.8 8 8604 4th 9°01′21″N 125°31′05″E / 9.0225629°N 125.5179545°E / 9.0225629; 125.5179545 (Magallanes)
Nasipit 2nd 144.40 40,663 281.6 19 8602 3rd 8°59′18″N 125°20′27″E / 8.9884377°N 125.3408268°E / 8.9884377; 125.3408268 (Nasipit)
Remedios T. Romualdez 2nd 79.15 15,735 198.8 8 8611 5th 9°03′07″N 125°35′06″E / 9.0518496°N 125.5850066°E / 9.0518496; 125.5850066 (Remedios T. Romualdez)
Santiago 2nd 275.61 20,955 76 8 8608 4th 9°15′56″N 125°33′37″E / 9.2654938°N 125.5602995°E / 9.2654938; 125.5602995 (Santiago)
Tubay 2nd 138.09 20,426 147.9 13 8606 4th 9°09′54″N 125°31′22″E / 9.1650676°N 125.5226912°E / 9.1650676; 125.5226912 (Tubay)
 †  Provincial capital and component city      Municipality
     Highly urbanized city (geographically within but independent from the province)
  • Coordinates mark the vicinity of the city/town center, and are sorted according to latitude.
  • Income classifications for cities are italicized.


Population census
of Agusan del Norte
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 237,629 —    
1995 267,411 +2.24%
2000 285,570 +1.42%
2007 314,027 +1.32%
2010 332,487 +2.10%
Excluding Butuan City
Source: National Statistics Office[2]

The population of Agusan del Norte (excluding Butuan City) was 314,027 at the 2007 census, and 332,487 in the 2010 census, making it the country's 63rd most populous province. The population density is 120 inhabitants per square kilometre (310/sq mi).

When Butuan City is included for geographical purposes, the province's population is 642,196 people, with a density of 181 inhabitants per square kilometre (470/sq mi).


In 2013, the Butuan (Diocese) [Catholic-Hierarchy] reported that Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion of the province comprising roughly 79% of the population. The remaining beliefs usually belong to other Christian denominations as well as Islam.


The economy of the province is dominantly agricultural, and it is one of the nation's leading producers of rice.[citation needed]


The province has many beaches in the city of Cabadbaran and the towns of Carmen, Buenavista, and Nasipit. Mount Hilong-Hilong, one of the tallest in the province, is located in Cabadbaran.

From the top of Prayer Mountain (Mount Pongkay), visitors can have a panoramic view of Cabadbaran which includes buildings, churches, rivers, and the sea, among others. The Agusan River, the longest in Mindanao and the third longest in the Philippines, is in Butuan City. Mount Mayapay looming southwest of the Agusan Valley is a mountain plateau. The ancient Balangay boats were found in Butuan. They were excavated in the Balangay Shrine, across the Masao River from Bood Promontory. They played a major role because Butuan was, and is, a port city. Since its discovery, the Balangays have become an icon of Butuan. The Kaya ng Pinoy, Inc. recreated the Balangay boats and have sailed it as part of their project, the Balangay Voyage.


  • Agay Central Elementary School
  • Buenavista Central Elementary School
  • Buenavista Special Education Integrated School (SPED-IS)
  • Butuan Central Elementary School
  • Butuan City Special Education Center (BC-SPED)
  • Cabadbaran South Central Elementary School
  • Carmen Central Elementary School
  • Del Pilar Integrated School (North Cabadbaran District)
  • Jaliobong Elementary School
  • Kitcharao Central Elementary School
  • Magallanes Central Elementary School
  • Matabao Elementary School
  • Nasipit Central Elementary School — (West Nasipit District)
  • North Cabadbaran Central Elementary School
  • Tolosa Central Elementary School


  1. ^ a b "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Lancion, Jr., Conrado M.; cartography by de Guzman, Rey (1995). "The Provinces; Agusan del Norte". Fast Facts about Philippine Provinces (The 2000 Millenium ed.). Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines: Tahanan Books. p. 18. ISBN 971-630-037-9. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  4. ^ "Republic Act No. 4979; An Act Creating the Provinces of Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur". The LawPhil Project. 17 June 1967. Retrieved 4 December 2015. Section 1. The Province of Agusan is hereby divided into two provinces, to be known as Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur. 
  5. ^ "Republic Act No. 8811; An Act Transferring the Capital and Seat of Government of the Province of Agusan del Norte from Butuan City to the Municipality of Cabadbaran, Agusan del Norte" (PDF). Congress of the Philippines (official website). Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c "Province: Agusan del Norte". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 
  7. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010 (Caraga)" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 

External links[edit]