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|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||2002 – 2007|
|Rank||Specialist (reduced to Private First Class after court-martial)|
|Unit||1st Battalion, 18th Infantry Regiment, 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Infantry Division|
|Commands held||FORSCOM, V Corps|
|Awards||National Defense Service Medal
Iraq Campaign Medal
|Other work||Conscientious Objector Advocate|
Agustín Aguayo (born c. 1971) is a veteran of the Iraq War. After several failed attempts to attain conscientious objector status, he deserted his unit in Germany in September 2006 to avoid redeployment to Iraq. He was convicted of desertion by a court martial March 6, 2007 and served six months in prison. His trial led Amnesty International to declare him a prisoner of conscience, and made him a hero to the American and European anti-war movements.
Agustín Aguayo is a U.S. citizen who was born in Guadalajara, Mexico. He enlisted in the United States Army in 2002 to earn money for his education. The following year, Operation Iraqi Freedom began. Aguayo was trained by the Army as a combat infantryman. After his advanced individual training he was stationed in Germany, and was soon deployed to the Middle East.
Though Aguayo was not anti-war at the time of his enlistment, he stated that he became anti-war as a result of his experiences in the Army. In February 2004, he applied for conscientious objector status, but was denied, reportedly by a vote of two to one by the three-person panel. He was deployed to Tikrit, where he served a year as a combat medic. In 2005, he sued in federal court to force the Army to recognize him as a conscientious objector, but his suit was denied.
Agustín Aguayo was notified his unit would be returned to Iraq and instead missed his unit's movement to that theater of operations. When military police came to his home in Schweinfurt, Germany on September 2, 2006, he climbed out of the bathroom window, going AWOL for 24 days. On September 27, he turned himself in at Fort Irwin in California, stating that "It is the right thing to do... I'm not a deserter or a coward."
On March 6, 2007, Aguayo was convicted of desertion by a court-martial in Würzburg, Germany. He was given a sentence of only eight months' imprisonment, rather than the possible maximum of seven years. Aguayo told the court that "I tried my best, but I couldn’t bear weapons and I could never point weapons at someone." An army prosecutor dismissed Aguyao's reasoning, stating, "His service was going to be important as a medic regardless of whether he was carrying a weapon or not." He was given a bad conduct discharge and his rank reduced to the lowest grade. Following his conviction, Amnesty International named Aguayo a prisoner of conscience, arguing that he had taken "reasonable steps to secure release from the army" and that he was "imprisoned solely for his conscientious objection to participating in war".
Release and activism
As Aguayo had already served 161 days in prison, he was released on April 18. He then returned to his family in Los Angeles. On his return, he spoke of his experiences before an audience of antiwar activists, who gave him what the Los Angeles Times described as "a hero's welcome". Der Spiegel also described him as a "hero" to the US and European anti-war movements as a result of his trial. Aguayo began a speaking campaign at U.S. schools, describing his activities by saying, "I want to bring young people awareness. We ask them to sacrifice so much yet we don't educate them about the realities of war." He was awarded the Stuttgart peace prize in December 2007.
Aguayo has a wife, Helga Aguayo, and two daughters.
- "UA 60/07 Prisoner of conscience: USA Agustín Aguayo". Amnesty International. March 8, 2007. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- Charles Hawley (March 6, 2007). "Aguayo Follows His Conscience to the Brig". Der Spiegel. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- "Soldier who refused Iraq tour turns himself in". MSNBC. Associated Press. September 27, 2007. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- "Army medic found guilty of desertion". MSNBC. Associated Press. March 6, 2007. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- Amy Goodman (May 17, 2007). "War Resister Agustin Aguayo Speaks Out After his Release from Military Prison for Refusing to Fight in Iraq". Democracy Now!. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- Catherine Hornby (March 6, 2007). "U.S. medic gets 8 months jail for Iraq desertion". Reuters. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- Mark St. Clair (May 10, 2007). "After jail stint, deserter Aguayo returning to L.A.". Stars and Stripes. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- Stuart Silverstein (July 23, 2007). "War resister gets a hero's welcome". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- Madeline Chambers (December 17, 2007). "Army deserter wants to change recruitment". Reuters. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
- "English Information about Stuttgart Peace Price and Die AnStifter". Stuttgarter Friedenspreis der AnStifter. Retrieved 26 November 2014.