Ahal Region

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Ahal region in Turkmenistan
Ahal region in Turkmenistan
Country Turkmenistan
Capital Anau
 • Total 97,160 km2 (37,510 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 939,700
 • Density 9.7/km2 (25/sq mi)

Ahal Region (Turkmen: Ahal welaýaty; from Persian آخال Axāl) is one of the regions of Turkmenistan. It is in the south-center of the country, bordering Iran and Afghanistan along the Kopet Dag Range. Its area is 97,160 km2 (37,510 sq mi) and population 939,700 (2005 est.).[1]


In 2000, Ahal Region accounted for 14% of Turkmenistan's population, 11% of the total number of employed, 23% of agricultural production (by value), and 31% of the country's total industrial production.[2]

Ahal's agriculture is irrigated by the Karakum Canal, which stretches all the way across the province from east to west, tracking Turkmenistan's southern border. Another water source is Tejen River, which flows north from Afghanistan in the south-east corner of the province, passing through two large reservoirs south of the city of Tejen.

Ahal is known for the Geok Tepe battle of 1881, today the site of an imposing new mosque, and for the Baharden underground warm lake (in the Kov Ata karst cave),[3][4] both west of Ashgabat.

The capital of Ahal Province is Anau (or Annau), a town on the south-eastern outskirts of Ashgabat. Other notable towns are Abadan (formerly Büzmeýin, Russian: Безмеин) north-west of Ashgabat and Tejen in the south-east near the border with Mary Province. Turkmenistan's largest city, Ashgabat, is located within the Ahal Province, but it has the status of a special capital district outside the provincial jurisdiction.


Ahal Region is administratively divided into 9 districts (etraplar; singular etrap) and 3 cities (il) that have etrap status. Name changes since 1995 are shown in parentheses:[5][6]

Kopet Dag Mountains in Ahal

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Statistical Yearbook of Turkmenistan 2000-2004, National Institute of State Statistics and Information of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, 2005.
  2. ^ Social-economic situation of Turkmenistan in 2000, National Institute of State Statistics and Information of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, 2001, pp. 129-130 (in Russian).
  3. ^ Baharden warm lake Archived November 21, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. in Kov Ata cave.
  4. ^ Turkmenistan: an official guide Archived October 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. (downloadable Word file).
  5. ^ Ахалский Велаят Archived 2008-09-13 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Turkmenistan Districts
  7. ^ Halk Maslahaty resolution changing the status of Tejen City Archived 2009-01-07 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ Изменения наименований географических объектов Туркменистана, Rosreestr, 2010.

External links[edit]

Media related to Ahal Province at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 38°30′N 59°0′E / 38.500°N 59.000°E / 38.500; 59.000