A rainbow above the village
|Canton||Ustaritz-Vallées de Nive et Nivelle|
|Intercommunality||CA Pays Basque|
|• Mayor (2014-2020)||Philippe Élissalde|
|Area1||11 km2 (4 sq mi)|
|• Density||180/km2 (470/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|INSEE/Postal code||64009 /64210|
|Elevation||7–100 m (23–328 ft)
(avg. 25 m or 82 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aheztars.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Administration
- 5 Demography
- 6 Economy
- 7 Culture and heritage
- 8 Facilities
- 9 Notable People linked to the commune
- 10 See also
- 11 Notes
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Ahetze village is at the intersection of departmental roads D655 from Arbonne to Bidart and D855 from Saint-Pee-sur-Nivelle to Saint-Jean-de-Luz. The commune can be accessed from Exit 4 (Biarritz La Négresse) and Exit 3 (Saint-Jean-de-Luz nord) from the A63 autoroute.
The Biarritz–Anglet–Bayonne Airport is 15-minute drive from the village.
Located in the watershed of the Adour, the commune is traversed by a tributary of the coastal river Uhabia: the Zirikolatzeko erreka and its tributaries, the streams: Amisolako, Uroneko, and Besaingo, as well as the Pemartiko erreka, a tributary of the Besaingo.
Paul Raymond also stated in his Topographical dictionary of Bearn-Basque Country in 1863 that a tributary of the Alborga: the Haïstéchéhé flows through Ahetze after rising in Saint-Pee-sur-Nivelle.
- Belhardiko Errota
- Larrunta or Larruntaldea
The commune name in Basque is also Ahetze.
Jean-Baptiste Orpustan suggested that Ahetze comes from aiz meaning "stone" and by extension "high rock".
The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.
|Villa quœ dicitur Ahece||12th century||Raymond||
- Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy
- Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. (in French)
- Lhande: Pierre Lhande, Basque-French Dictionary 1926
- Bayonne: Cartulary of Bayonne or Livre d'Or (Book of Gold)
- Chapter: Titles of the Chapter of Bayonne
According to Eugène Goyheneche: "two houses (…) had medieval names of Akarreta and Haranbillaga".
In the Middle Ages the Compostela pilgrims who chose the passage along the Atlantic coast passed near Ahetze, Ibarron and the hospital (Ospitale Zaharra) in Sare. Others preferred to fork through part of Ahetze to reach the chapel Saint-Jacques of Serres and also visit Vera by passing by Olhette and the Ibardin Pass.
Party per pale, one of Or a lion rampant of gules supporting a processional cross with six small bells all sable; two azure a pilgrim's stick of Or surmounted by two escallops the same..
List of Successive Mayors of Ahetze
|1957||1971||Élie Charles Philippe Marie d'Elbée|
|2008||2011||Jean d'Elbée||Oceanographer & Biologist|
|2011||2020||Philippe Élissalde||School Teacher, Director|
(Not all data is known)
Ahetze is a member of 8 Intercommunal organisations:
- the Agglomeration of 'Sud Pays Basque
- the union of Ouhabia
- the intercommunal association of secondary schools of Saint-Jean-de-Luz
- the intercommunal association Nive-Nivelle
- the mixed association of Bizi Garbia
- the association to support Basque culture
- the joint association for drinking water from the Ura
- the joint sanitation association of the Ura
The commune is a member of the Basque Eurocity Bayonne - San Sebastian.
In 2009 the commune had 1,697 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
The commune is part of the urban area of Bayonne.
The 2006 classification by INSEE indicated the median household incomes for each commune with more than 50 households (30,687 communes out of 36,681 communes identified) classed Ahetze at the rank of 7,693 with an average income of €17,944.
The flea market takes place every third Sunday of the month and regularly attracts lovers of antiques from the Paris region, to the Spanish communes all around and contributes to the economic revitalization of the village which has mainly agricultural activity.
Culture and heritage
Established in 1971, the Committee of Festivals of Ahetze (Ahetzeko Mozkor Banda) organises the following events: wheat threshing, dance evenings, a gala of Basque rural sports, loto, and employers' festivals that take place between 25 October and 11 November.
- The Ostalapia farm, now a restaurant, is a former way station on the road to Saint Jacques de Compostela and long before was a haven for the Guethariars and Bidartars when they were attacked by pirates from the ocean or by robbers. There are some boulders once used for walls in the parking area.
- Some old Baserri dating from the 17th and 18th centuries, some of which have been extended over time. New construction follows the Labourdin style.
Modern Baserri (late 20th century)
The Church of Saint Martin (16th century) is registered as an historical monument. The church contains a number of items that are registered as historical objects:
- A Retable and 7 Paintings (1700)
- A Processional Cross (15th century). This cross, whose arms are garnished with bells, was used in witchcraft trials in the year 1609 to the outrage of Councilor Lancre who saw it as an evil object. The carvings on the Cross represent the faces of Christ, the Virgin, Saint John, a pelican, and two women's heads. On the back of the cross there is the representation of a Bishop, undoubtedly Saint Martin.
- A Statue: Virgin of the Assumption (18th century)
- A Statue: Saint Jacques dressed as a pilgrim (18th century)
- The Church Picture Gallery
Sports and sports facilities
Ahetze has two Frontons, one is old and built into the wall of the town hall, a second was completed in 2008 as part of the new development of the town.
A Trinquet called Pantxoa Sein is next to the primary school.
A marked fitness trail runs through the south-east of the village.
Ahetze has a primary school and a nursery.
Ahetze has several health services: a general practitioner, a dentist, a nurse, a physiotherapist, and a speech therapist.
- Mattin Treku, born on 11 November 1916 in Ahetze and died on 22 July 1981 in the same commune, was a Bertsolari (singer of bertso) renowned in French Basque Country.
- Morton H. Levine, born in California and died in 1982, was a North American Anthropologist who, during the 1960s, conducted the first research that highlighted specific Basque haematology with the entire population of the villages of Macaye and Ahetze. These studies put in evidence in relation to the surrounding population the high frequency of blood group O and Rh negative and the particularities of distribution of Gm antigens and HL-A.
- Arrondissements of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
- Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Piarres Erdozaintzi is a sculptor born in 1957, resident in Saint-Just-Ibarre - Source: Harria et herria, Pierre et pays, Bulletin du Musée basque, 2003 (in French)
- Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- SANDRE Notice for Ahetze[permanent dead link] (in French)
- Raymond, Paul (1863). Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees (in French). Imprimerie nationale. (Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011)
- Géoportail, IGN (in French)
- Orpustan, Jean-Baptiste (2006). New Basque Toponymy (in French). Presses universitaires de Bordeaux. ISBN 2 86781 396 4.
- Manuscript from the 14th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- Chapter of Bayonne in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- Eugène Goyheneche, Basque Country: Soule, Labourd, Lower Navarre, Société nouvelle d’éditions régionales et de diffusion, Pau, 1979, BnF FRBNF34647711 (in French)
- Philippe Veyrin, The Basques, Arthaud, 1975, ISBN 2 7003 0038 6, page 53. (in French)
- Guy Ascarat Archived November 9, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
- List of Mayors of France (in French)
- At a council meeting on 21 September 2011, Mayor Jean d'Elbée, in response to a blockage of the decision-making process, called for the resignation of the entire council. After two rounds of municipal elections on 20 and 27 November 2011 Philippe Elissalde was elected mayor
- "Count rendered by the Municipal Council on 21 September 2011" (PDF) (in French).
- Statistical Summary by commune, department, and employment sector, INSEE, consulted on 9 September 2009 (in French)
- Another Hilarri from Ahetze is displayed in the Bayonne Basque History Museum.
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00084305 Church of Saint Martin (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000023 Retable and 7 Paintings (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000022 Processional Cross (in French)
- Philippe Veyrin, The Basques, Arthaud, 1975, ISBN 2 7003 0038 6, page 303. (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000731 Statue: Virgin of the Assumption (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000730 Statue: Saint Jacques dressed as a pilgrim (in French)
- "Xalbador eta Mattin". YouTube.
- Claude Dendaletche, The Basque Archipelago, Éditions Privat - Cahors, 2005, ISBN 2 7089 5619 1, page 133 (in French)
- The results of these studies were published in 1967 (The Basques Natural History, New York, J. Dausset, L. Legrand, M. H. Levine M. H., J. C. Quilice, M. Colombani, J. Ruffié), 1972 (Genetic Structure and Distribution of HL-A Antigens in a Basque village, in "Histocompatibility Testing", Copenhague, J. Ruffie, M. H. Levine, M. Blanc, P. Richard), 1972 (A New lmmunoglobulin haplotype Gm (-1, -17, 21) in a Kurdish isolate and in a French Basque village, M. H. Levine, J. Ruffie, H. Darrasse) and in 1973 (Basque Isolation: I A Hemaypological Survey of Basque Villages)
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