|This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (June 2011)|
The Maschoiya are a community of Ahirs who are said to have settled along the banks of the Machhu-katia river, and the word Maschoiya literally means those from Macchu-katia. According to the traditions of the Maschoiya were originally Soomra Rajputs, and an ancestor left Sindh for Saurashtra, where he married an Ahir girls. His descendents thus became Ahir. The Maschoiya Ahir are found mainly in Rajkot District, with a few also found in Junagadh District. They are a Gujarati speaking community.
The Maschoiya are divided into a number of exogamous clans called Ataks like Makawana, Dangar, Jalu, Bakotra, Karetha, Virda, Meta, Herbha, Shiyayar, Chavda, Chudasama, all of which are of equal status. They claim to be Kshatriya but fall below the Rajputs in social ranking. Unlike other Ahir communities in Gujarat, the Maschoiya practice consanguineous marriages. Traditionally, the Maschoiya were pastoralist, but now a majority settled agriculturist. A small number are sharecroppers. Many have begun to move to the towns and cities of Gujarat, where many are employed in textiles mills and factories.
- People of India Gujarat Volume XXII Part One edited by R.B Lal, S.V Padmanabham & A Mohideen page 46 to 49 Popular Prakashan
- Kumar Suresh Singh; Rajendra Behari Lal; Anthropological Survey of India (2003). Gujarat, Part 1 Gujarat, Anthropological Survey of India. Popular Prakashan,. p. 46. ISBN 9788179911044.
- Kumar Suresh Singh; Rajendra Behari Lal; Anthropological Survey of India (2003). Gujarat, Part 1 Gujarat, Anthropological Survey of India. Popular Prakashan,. p. 48. ISBN 9788179911044.