The Ahir clans are the various subsets of the Ahir a community of India. According to the researches (till 1914) made by Shrotriya Pandit Chotelal Sharma of Phulera, Rajasthan - Ahir clan had 1768 or more variants (gotra) & subsets in it.
According to the Markandeya Purana, all the Haiheya aggressors (warrior caste) were killed in a massacre led by Parshuram. In that time, the Ahirs were either a sub-clan of the Hayheya or sided with the Hayheya.
- 1 Ahir clans of North India
- 2 Ahir clans in Gujarat and Maharastra
- 3 Rulers and chiefs
- 4 See also
- 5 References
Ahir clans of North India
The Yaduvanshi Ahir, also spelled Jadubansis, Jadubans, Yadavanshi, Yadavamshi) claim descent from the ancient Yadava tribe of Krishna. According to history professor Rahul Shukla, In western UP, the early Yadavs were Yaduvanshi Yadavs who traced their lineage to Lord Krishna. They dominated the plains from Punjab, present-day Haryana to western UP, up to the Yamuna.The Yadavs of the western districts, especially Etawah, Mainpuri, Firozabad, Kannauj etc. are socially more influential traders, business-owners, and later went into government and private service in a big way. They were the Zamidaars and they also ruled in many parts of India. Rewadi (Hariyana) Dhaulpur Alwar (Rajsthan) Bharaul,Kurri kupa ( Firozabad U P ) were some of the riyasats of Ahir (Yadavas). The Ahirs of Bokaro, Dhanbad and Ramgarh in the state of Jharkhand claim to be Krishnauth and are called Yaduvanshi Ahir. They wear the Sacred Thread too.
A legendary story of the origin of the Nandvanshi Ahirs narrates that on his way to kill the rakshas, Krishna crossed the river Yamuna accompanied by the Gawlis; those that crossed the river with him became the Ahir Nandabanshi.
The Gwalvanshi Ahirs are historically associated with cowherding. According to history professor Rahul Shukla, the Gwalvanshi Ahirs had settled in Azamgarh, Varanasi, Gorkakhpur, Mirzapur etc., besides in Bihar. "They were cultivators or farmers in eastern Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. At the turn of the century, they evolved into business and other vocations in a big way.
The Ghosi are a community found mainly in North India. They were the Zamidaars and small kings of various parts of country. The Ghosi claim descent from both the Gurjar and Ahir communities. Ghosi trace their origin to King Nand, the professed ancestor of Yaduvanshi Ahirs.
The Phatak are a clan of Ahir herdsmen, one of the agricultural castes bearing considerable resemblance to Rajputs, claim to be descended from a Sisodia king of Chittore and the daughter of an Ahir King Digpal of Mahaban, to whom he was married.
The Ahar are a Hindu caste of good agriculturists. The Ahar tribe are spread through Rohilkhand and other districts of N.W. provinces, following pastoral pursuits. They claim to descended from Yadu.
Kishnaut Ahir clan is dominantly found in the Saran district of Bihar province. They are traditionally cowherders and cultivators and are Hindu by religion. Manjaraut, Goria and Kanaujia are the other Ahir clans in Saran. Kishnaut claim that Lord Krishna was born among their caste. They worship Bir Kuar, a caste deity, for the protection of their cattle and lands. Bir Kuar was a Kishnaut Ahir, who died protecting cattle from the attack of tigers. They are known as Ahir Zamindars.
Ahir clans in Gujarat and Maharastra
The Boricha's are a sub-division of the Ahir caste found in the state of Gujarat, India. They from the Kutch region. Some of them migrated to the districts of Jamnagar, Rajkot & Morbi and Junagdh because of frequent draught. The community was speaking kutchi language but now only some of them know this language. Now they speak regional Kathiyawadi or rough Gujarati and proper Gujarati or Guajarati. In the past their only business was farming, but now they have developed transport, construction and dairy businesses, agriculture, education institutes & private health sectors. The Boricha are divided into fifty two clans, the main ones being the Garchar, Sabad, Mala, Sodhiya, Makhela, Kumbharvadia, Mathiya, Davera, Vank, Dasotiya, Dangar, Jilaria, Savseta, Natda, Khungla, Gogra, Gajia, Basiya and Baria.
The community is believed to have derived its name from the Panchal region in Saurashtra, their original homeland. According to their traditions, they migrated from Mathura along with Krishna to the Parathar region of Saurashtra.
The Machchhoiya are a sub-group of the Ahir caste found in the state of Gujarat in India. The Maschoiya are a community of Ahirs who are said to have settled along the banks of the Machhu-katia river, and the word Maschoiya literally means those from Macchu-katia.
The Bhurtiya are a sub-division of the Ahir community, and like other Ahirs, they claim descent from the god Krishna. They are said to have immigrated to Gujarat, where they were known as Gurjar Rajputs. About three centuries ago, these Gurjar Rajputs settled in Awadh. The etymology of the word Bhurtiya is that it is a corruption of the Hindi word phurti (quickness). According to their tribal legends, an ancestor of the community was in such a rush, that she left her jewellery, and was given the nickname phurti, and this name was given to her descendents, and over time corrupted to Bhurtiya. They are found mainly in the districts of Varanasi, Allahabad, Meerut and Mathura.
The community is believed to have derived its name from the Parathar region, their original homeland. According to their traditions, they migrated from Mathura along with Krishna to the Parathar region of Saurashtra. The Paratharia then migrated to Kutch around 1500–1600 AD. They are now distributed in eighty four villages in Kutch District, out of which thirty four are in Bhuj taluka, twenty four Anjar talukas and twelve villages in Nakathrana. A few are also found in Saurashtra. The Paratharia are a Gujarati speaking community. The Paratharia community consist of a number of clans, the main ones being the Batta, Gagal, Dheela, Dhangar, Chhangha, Varchand, Mata and Chad. Each of the clans are of equal status and intermarry. Like neighbouring Hindu communities, the community practice clan exogamy. The Paratharia are a community of small and medium-sized farmers. Milk selling is an important subsidiary of the community, while small number are now petty businessmen.
The Sarothia are a sub-group of the Yaduvanshi Ahir found in the state of Gujarat in India. The community is believed to have derived its name from the Sorath region, their original homeland. According to their traditions, they migrated from Mathura along with Krishna.
They are mainly found in Rajkot, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Kutch and other all District of Saurashtra prant. The Sorathia speak Gujarati. The Sorathia community consist of near abou sixty clans: Utadia,Der,Bhuva, Bodar, Dangar, Chandravadiya, Varu, Ram, Solanki, Chavda, Chudasama, Solanki, Barad, Gojiya, Kandoriya, Karangiya, Ravaliya, Vadhiya, Vala, Garaniya, Bhammar,Suva and Pampaniya, Dangiya, Naiyaran. Each of the clans are of equal status and intermarry. Like neighbouring Hindu communities, the community practice clan exogamy.
The Sorathia are a community farmers and Landlords. Many of them are in transport business. Some of them earn a living as contractors. The Boxite Minining business in Jamnagar district is completely in hands of Sorathiyas. All Boxite Mine owners are Sorathiyas. Their looks quite vary compared to other castes like Caucasian, especially their straight nose, tall, thin lips, is believed to have Scythian origin.
Rulers and chiefs
The foolowing Ahir rulers and chiefs are mentioned in the Indian history, epigraphy and numismatic accounts:
- Rao Rura Singh
- Rao Tula Ram
- Rao Mitra Sen Ahir
- Devat Bodar
- Asa Ahir
- Kosal Dev Singh
- Puranmal Ahir
- Churaman Ahir
- Rao Gopal Dev
- Rudramurti Ahir
- Raja Budh
- Adi Raja 
- Raja Digpal
- Rana Katira
- Virsen Ahir
- Ratan Mani Lal (May 11, 2014). "Azamgarh: Why Mulayam cannot take Yadav votes for granted". Ratan Mani Lal. firstpost.com. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
- People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part two by K S Singh page 542 to 545 Manohar Publications
- Lucia Michelutti, Sons of Krishna: the politics of Yadav community formation in a North Indian town (2002) London School of Economics and Political Science University of London, p.90-98
- Ravindra K. Jain (2002). Between History and Legend: Status and Power in Bundelkhand. Orient Blackswan,. p. 32. ISBN 9788125021940.
- Ramchandra Keshav Mutatkar (1978). Caste Dimensions in a Village. Shubhada-Saraswat. p. 26.
- Ramchandra Keshav Mutatkar (1978). Caste Dimensions in a Village. Shubhada-Saraswat. p. 55.
- Kutty, Sushil (3 May 2014). "Lok Sabha Elections 2014: Going over the great divide in Varanasi". DNA. Retrieved 2014-12-31.
- Oliver Mendelsohn,Marika Vicziany (1998). The Untouchables: Subordination, Poverty and the State in Modern India Volume 4 of Contemporary South Asia. Cambridge University Press. pp. xi. ISBN 9780521556712.
- Subodh Kapoor (2002). Indian Encyclopaedia, Volume 1. Genesis Publishing Pvt Ltd. p. 108. ISBN 9788177552577.
- National Geographical Society of India. (1975). The National Geographical Journal of India, Volumes 21-22. National Geographical Society of India., Original from the University of California. pp. 189–191.
- L.S.S. O'malley (2007). Bihar And Orissa District Gazetteers : Saran. Concept Publishing Company,. p. 44. ISBN 9788172681364.
- William George Archer (1947). The Vertical Man: A Study in Primitive Indian Sculpture. G. Allen & Unwin, Original from the University of California. pp. 53,104.
- W. G. ARCHE (1948). The Vertical Man: A Study in Primitive Indian Sculpture. The Macmillan Company, New York. p. 122.
- Jadunath Sarkar (1994). A History of Jaipur: C. 1503-1938. Orient Blackswan. p. 164. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
- R.K. Gupta, S.R. Bakshi (2008). Studies In Indian History: Rajasthan Through The Ages The Heritage Of Rajputs (Set Of 5 Vols. Sarup & Sons. p. 91. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
- B.H. Mehta (1984). Gonds of the Central Indian Highlands Vol II. Concept Publishing Company. p. 632.
- S. D. S. Yadava (2006). Followers of Krishna: Yadavas of India. Lancer Publishers. p. 54. ISBN 9788170622161.
- जयंत कुमार दीक्षित, मुख्य विकास अधिकारी, बदायूं (26 Aug 2013). "अहीर राजा बुद्ध की नगरी में दूध के लिए मारामारी". जयंत कुमार दीक्षित, मुख्य विकास अधिकारी, बदायूं (उत्तर प्रदेश). जागरण. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- Subodh Kapoor (1 Jan 2002). Encyclopaedia of Ancient Indian Geography, Volume 1. Genesis Publishing Pvt Ltd. pp. 17, 18, 19. ISBN 9788177552980. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- Uttar Pradesh (India). Uttar Pradesh District Gazetteers: Rampur. Government of Uttar Pradesh. p. 17.
- Jalgaon distt. "JALGAON HISTORY". Jalgaon distt Aministration Official Website. Jalgaon distt Aministration. Retrieved 7 February 2015.