Al-Bayhaqi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Ahmad Bayhaqi)
Jump to: navigation, search
Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Husayn al-Bayhaqi


أحمد بن الحسين بن علي بن موسى الخراساني البيهقي
Personal Details
Title Imam Al-Bayhaqi
Born Ramadan 384 AH / October 994
Bayhaq, now Sabzevar, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran
Died 10 Jumadi-ul-I, 458 AH/ 9 April, 1066 (aged 72)
Nishapur, now Khorasan, Iran
Era Islamic golden age
Religion Islam
Denomination Sunni
Jurisprudence Shafi'i[1]
Creed Ash'ari [2][3][4][5]
Main interest(s) Hadith, Shafi'i fiqh
Notable work(s) Sunan al-Kubra, Al-Asma' wa al-Sifat

Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Husayn Ibn 'Ali Ibn Moussa al-Khosrojerdi al-Bayhaqi (Arabic) , البيهقي also known as Imam Al-Bayhaqi was born 994 CE/384AH in the small town of Khusraugird near Sabzevar, then known as Bayhaq, in Khurasan.[8] During his lifetime, he became a famous Sunni hadith expert, following the Shafi'i school in fiqh and the Ash'ari school of aqeedah.[9][10][11]

Biography[edit]

Al-Bayhaqi's full name is أحمد بن الحسين بن علي بن موسى الخراساني البيهقي المشهور بالبيهقي.

Al-Bayhaqi was a scholar of fiqh, of the Shafi'i school of thought as well as of that of hadith. He studied fiqh under Abu al-Fath Nasir ibn al-Husayn ibn Muhammad al-Naysaburi as well as Abul Hasan Hankari. He also studied hadith under Hakim al-Nishaburi, Abu Mansur Al-Baghdadi and others, and was al-Nishaburi's foremost pupil. He died in 1066 CE.[citation needed]

Works[edit]

Bayhaqi was a prominent author in his time, having authored more than one thousand volumes according to Al-Dhahabi.[12] Among the most well-known books authored by him are:

  • Al-Sunan al-Kubra, commonly known as Sunan al-Bayhaqi
  • Ma`arifa al-Sunan wa al-Athar
  • Bayan Khata Man Akhta`a `Ala al-Shafi`i (The Exposition of the Error of Those who have Attributed Error to al-Shafi`i)
  • Al-Mabsut, a book on Shafi`i Law
  • Al-Asma' wa al-Sifat (The Divine Names and Attributes)
  • Al-I`tiqad `ala Madhhab al-Salaf Ahl al-Sunna wa al-Jama`a
  • Dala'il al-Nubuwwah (The Signs of Prophethood)
  • Shu`ab al-Iman (The branches of faith)
  • Al-Da`awat al-Kabir (The Major Book of Supplications)
  • Al-Zuhd al-Kabir (The Major Book of Asceticism)

References[edit]

  1. ^ A.C. Brown, Jonathan (2014). Misquoting Muhammad: The Challenge and Choices of Interpreting the Prophet's Legacy. Oneworld Publications. p. 105. ISBN 978-1780744209. 
  2. ^ Ovamir Anjum, Politics, Law, and Community in Islamic Thought: The Taymiyyan Moment (Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization) 2012, p 142. ISBN 1107014069
  3. ^ Gibb, H.A.R.; Kramers, J.H.; Levi-Provencal, E.; Schacht, J. (1986) [1st. pub. 1960]. Encyclopaedia of Islam (New Edition). Volume I (A-B). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 1130. ISBN 9004081143. 
  4. ^ Holtzman, Livnat. “Does God Really Laugh?” - Appropriate and Inappropriate Descriptions of God in Islamic Traditionalist Theology. p. 185. 
  5. ^ Brown, Jonathan (2013). The Canonization of al-Bukhari and Muslim: The Formation and Function of the Sunni Hadith Canon (Islamic History and Civilization). Brill. p. 219. ISBN 9004158391. 
  6. ^ Constructive Critics, Ḥadīth Literature, and the Articulation of Sunnī Islam, By Scott C. Lucas, pg. 98
  7. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=RwPnCAAAQBAJ&pg=PA197&lpg=PA197&dq=abu+mansur+al+baghdadi+teacher+of+al+bayhaqi&source=bl&ots=fsSctRrQGT&sig=Ex3dJvQCPQ3GADkfYFcOhT82Aes&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjni_Xlq-DOAhUOgx4KHYVYATMQ6AEIKDAC#v=onepage&q=abu%20mansur%20al%20baghdadi%20teacher%20of%20al%20bayhaqi&f=false
  8. ^ Imam Bayhaqi
  9. ^ Ovamir Anjum, Politics, Law, and Community in Islamic Thought: The Taymiyyan Moment (Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization) 2012, p 142. ISBN 1107014069
  10. ^ Gibb, H.A.R.; Kramers, J.H.; Levi-Provencal, E.; Schacht, J. (1986) [1st. pub. 1960]. Encyclopaedia of Islam (New Edition). Volume I (A-B). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 1130. ISBN 9004081143. 
  11. ^ Holtzman, Livnat. “Does God Really Laugh?” - Appropriate and Inappropriate Descriptions of God in Islamic Traditionalist Theology. p. 185. 
  12. ^ The Classification of Hadith, by Dr. Suhaib Hassan