Ahmad Shah Ahmadzai
|Ahmad Shah Ahmadzai|
|Prime Minister of Afghanistan
1992 – 26 June 1996
|Preceded by||Arsala Rahmani (Acting)|
|Succeeded by||Mohammad Rabbani|
|Born||30 March 1944
Ahmad Shah Ahmadzai (Pashto: احمد شاه احمدزی - born 30 March 1944) is an Afghan politician. He served as the prime minister of Afghanistan from 1992 to 1996. He is an ethnic Pashtun from the Ahmadzai sub-tribe.
Ahmad Shah Ahmadzai was born in Malang, a village in the Khaki Jabbar district of Kabul Province. He studied engineering at Kabul University and then worked in the agriculture ministry. In 1972 he received a scholarship to study in the United States, at Colorado State University. He received a master's degree in 1975 and became a professor at King Faisal University in Saudi Arabia.
Following the communist coup in 1978, Ahmadzai returned to Afghanistan to join the mujahideen. He was a close associate of Burhanuddin Rabbani, being deputy of his Jamiat-e Islami party, but then left and joined Abdul Rasul Sayyaf's Islamic Dawah Organisation of Afghanistan party in 1992, the year that communist rule ended. He served as a minister in the post-communist Afghan government, variously as interior, construction and education minister, and later became prime minister between 1995 and 1996, although he has downplayed the import of these posts given the chaos due to the fighting at that time.
Ahmadzai left Afghanistan in 1996 after the government fled the Taliban advance. He lived in exile in Istanbul and London, before he returned to Afghanistan in 2001 after the fall of Taliban. He was an independent candidate in the 2004 Afghan presidential election supporting an Islamic system of government. He secured 0.8% of the total votes counted.
- "Ahmad Shah Ahmadzai: Islamist Insists He's Broken Armed Faction Ties". Institute for War & Peace Reporting. 6 October 2004. Archived from the original on September 29, 2006.
- "Afghanistan Presidential Results - 2004". Independent Election Commission of Afghanistan. 4 November 2004.