Ahmad ibn al-Tayyib al-Sarakhsi
Al-Sarakhsi was killed by Caliph al-Mu'tadid because, according to an anecdote preserved in Yaqut al-Hamawi's Mu'jam al-Udaba', he had urged the caliph towards apostasy. Al-Biruni reports in his Chronology that al-Sarakhsi had written books in which he denounced prophecy and ridiculed the prophets, whom he styled charlatans. However, Rosenthal has disputed the historicity of the stories that claim al-Sarakhsi was executed for heretical beliefs.
- Frye, ed. by R.N. (1975). The Cambridge history of Iran (Repr. ed.). London: Cambridge U.P. p. 415. ISBN 978-0-521-20093-6.
The physicians of the caliphs continued to be Christians and Jews until the time of the caliph al-Muctadid who had a Persian Muslim physician, Ahmad b. al-Tayyib al-Sarakhsl.
- F. E., Peters (1968). Aristotle and the Arabs: The Aristotelian Tradition in Islam. New York University Press. p. 159.
- McKinney, Robert C. (2004). The case of rhyme versus reason: Ibn al-Rūmī and his poetics in context. Leiden: Brill. p. 27. ISBN 90-04-13010-1.