Ahmadiyya in Pakistan

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Between 0.02%-2.2% of Pakistan's population is Ahmadi.[1][2][3][4][5] Hence Pakistan is the home to the largest population of Ahmadis in the world. The city of Rabwah in Punjab, Pakistan used to be the global headquarters of the Ahmadiyya Community before they were moved to England. The Ahmadiyya population in Pakistan has often come under persecution and discrimination by the Sunni majority.

The Ahmadiyya movement has its origins in the Punjab region, in the city of Qadian (now India). Following the independence of Pakistan, as a separate nation for Muslims in the Indian subcontinent. there have been a number of notable Pakistani people who have belonged to the Ahmadiyya Community, including the country's first Nobel Prize laureate, Abdus Salam and Pakistan's first foreign minister Muhammad Zafarullah Khan.


Pre-independence era[edit]

Supporters of Pakistani movement[edit]

Movement for returning of Jinnah[edit]

Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad, the second spiritual leader of the community gave command to the cleric of Ahmadiyya Community in England named Maulana Abdul Raheem Dard to talk with Jinnah. He met Jinnah in King Bench Walk London for three hours.[6] Jinnah agreed to it and he returned to India.

Support in AIML in 1946 elections of India[edit]

Muhammad Zafarullah Khan, drafted Pakistan Resolution,[7] Ahmad advised the Ahmadis to support All India Muslim League in the elections of 1945–6.[8] Khan also did a speech in London for the freedom of India.

Resignation of Khizar Hayat Tiwanna[edit]

Khan, gave an advise to Khizer Hayat to resign from the ministry and he resigned.[9]

Struggle for Muslim Rights in Boundary Commission[edit]

After the creation of Pakistan and creation of Rabwah[edit]

After the creation of Pakistan, some Ahmadis with the Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad came to Pakistan and constructed their own city which they considered a promised land.

1953 Anti-Ahmadiyya riots[edit]

A massive persecution was launched by Anti-Ahmadiyya groups to persecute the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community by Islamists including Jamaat-e-Islami. The Government of Pakistan put down the unrest. The Ahrar sect was banned shortly after

1974 Anti-Ahmadiyya riots and Second Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan[edit]

Amidst more massive persecution and the appearance of an Anti-Ahmadiyya movement called Tehreek-e-Khatme Nabuwwat, Pasban Khatme Nabuwwat launched by all Islamist parties. They forced the Government of Pakistan under Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto to pass a constitutionally Second Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan for declaring members of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community as not-Muslims.

1984 Anti-Ahmadiyya Amendment[edit]

Under president Zia-ul-Haq, an anti-Ahmadiyya ordinance was made in the Constitution of Pakistan which restricted the freedom of religion for Ahmadis. According to this law, Ahmadis cannot call themselves Muslim or "pose as Muslims" which is punishable by three years in prison.[10]

Headquarters shifted to London[edit]

After these two amendments, which legalized persecution of them, the caliph of the community, Mirza Tahir Ahmad, shifted the central headquarters to London.

Community issues[edit]

Persecution and anti-Ahmadiyya sentiment[edit]

Qadiani and Mirzai are the deragatory terms used for Ahmadis. Anti-Ahmadiyya groups have called for an Islamist jihad to the finish the community.[11]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The 1998 Pakistani census states that there are 291,000 (0.22%) Ahmadis in Pakistan. However, the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community has boycotted the census since 1974 which renders official Pakistani figures to be inaccurate. Independent groups have estimated the Pakistani Ahmadiyya population to be somewhere between 2 million and 5 million Ahmadis. However, the 4 million figure is the most quoted figure and is approximately 2.2% of the country. See:
  2. ^ over 2 million: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (2008-12-04). "Pakistan: The situation of Ahmadis, including legal status and political, education and employment rights; societal attitudes toward Ahmadis (2006 - Nov. 2008)". Retrieved 2012-06-28. 
  3. ^ 3 million: International Federation for Human Rights: International Fact-Finding Mission. Freedoms of Expression, of Association and of Assembly in Pakistan. Ausgabe 408/2, Januar 2005, S. 61 (PDF)
  4. ^ 3–4 million: Commission on International Religious Freedom: Annual Report of the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom. 2005, S. 130
  5. ^ 4.910.000: James Minahan: Encyclopedia of the stateless nations. Ethnic and national groups around the world. Greenwood Press . Westport 2002, page 52
  6. ^ "Movement for returning Jinnah to India". Perseuction.org. Retrieved 13 March 2012. 
  7. ^ Khan, Wali. "Facts are Facts: The Untold Story of India's Partition" (PDF). pp. 40–42. Retrieved March 9, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Support of AIML in elections by Bashir Ahmad". Persecution.org. Retrieved 13 March 2012. 
  9. ^ "Resignation of Malik Khizar Hayat Tiwana". Persecution.org. Retrieved 13 March 2012. 
  10. ^ "ORDINANCE NO. XX OF 1984". The Persecution. Retrieved 14 November 2011. 
  11. ^ "Anti-Ahmadiyya conferences on the increase in Pakistan" (Press release). Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat International. 30 April 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2011.