This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)(Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Born||1973 (age 43–44)
|Charge(s)||No charge (held in extrajudicial detention)|
|Status||Transferred to a refugee camp in Albania.|
Ahmed Adil is a citizen of China who was held in extrajudicial detention in the United States Guantanamo Bay detainment camps, in Cuba. Adil's Guantanamo Internment Serial Number was 260. American intelligence analysts estimate he was born in 1973, in Kashgar, China.
Adil is one of approximately two dozen detainees from the Uyghur ethnic group. Adil is one of approximately half a dozen Uyghurs whose Combatant Status Review Tribunals determined they were not enemy combatants after all. Five of the Uyghurs were transferred to Albania. Several others had new Tribunals convened that reversed the earlier determination.
He is one of approximately two dozen Uyghur captives accused by security officials of membership in the Eastern Turkistan Islamic Movement, which China considers to be both terrorist and secessionist in nature.
Documents released in response to the writ of habeas corpus Hassan Anvar v. George W. Bush contained a December 30, 2004 memo which provided one-paragraph information of 22 Uyghur detainees, all the detainees faced allegations from Joint Task Force Guantanamo intelligence officials of having received training at an "ETIM training camp".
The information about Ahmed Adil stated:
- Ahmed Adil is a 31-year-old Chinese Citizen who is an ethnic Uighur from the Xinjiang province of China. Adil was last interviewed in the end of 2002. He has no reported incidents of violence in his discipline history. Adil is suspected as [sic] being a probable member of the East Turkistan Islamic Movement (ETIM). He is suspected of having received training in an ETIM training camp in Afghanistan.
The information paper also identified him as "Ahnad Adil".
Combatant Status Review
The Bush administration asserted that:
- the protections of the Geneva Conventions did not extend to captured prisoners who are not members of the regular Afghan armed force nor meet the criteria for prisoner of war for voluntary forces.
Critics argued the Conventions obliged the U.S. to conduct competent tribunals to determine the status of prisoners. Subsequently, the U.S. Department of Defense instituted Combatant Status Review Tribunals (CSRTs), to determine whether detainees met the new definition of an "enemy combatant".
"Enemy combatant" was defined by the U.S. Department of Defense as:
- an individual who was part of, or supporting, the Taliban, or al-Qaeda forces, or associated forces that are engaged in hostilities against the United States or its coalition partners. This includes any person who commits a belligerent act or has directly supported hostilities in aid of enemy armed forces.
The CSRTs are not bound by the rules of evidence that would normally apply in civilian court, and the government’s evidence is presumed to be “genuine and accurate.” From July 2004 through March 2005, CSRTs were convened to determine whether each prisoner had been correctly classified as an "enemy combatant".
Ahmed Adil was among the 60% of prisoners who chose to participate in tribunal hearings. A Summary of Evidence memo was prepared for the tribunal of each detainee, listing the allegations that supported their detention as an "enemy combatant".
Ahmed Adil's memo accused him of the following: 
- The detainee supported the Taliban against the United States and its coalition partners:
- The detainee traveled to Jalalabad, Afghanistan from Pakistan in 2001.
- The detainee went to Afghanistan in October 2001 to receive training.
- The detainee traveled from Jalalabad to a Uighur camp in the Tora Bora mountains and stayed there for approximately forty-five days.
- Uighur groups in China’s Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region (XUAR) have formed ties with Al Qaeda and other Islamic terrorist groups and China’s two principal militant Uighur groups are the East Turkistan Islamic Movement (ETIM) and the East Turkistan Liberation Organization (ETLO).
- The East Turkistan Islamic Movement is listed in the U.S. Department of Homeland Security Terrorist Organization Reference Guide, as being one of the most militant groups, and has financial and training ties to Al Qaeda.
- While in the Tora Bora Mountains, the detainee learned how to “break down” the Kalashniko.
- The detainee was in the Tora Bora mountains when the U.S. bombing campaign occurred.
- Pakistani soldiers, while fleeing Afghanistan into Pakistan, captured the detainee, along with other Uighurs and Arabs.
Letter to the Secretary of State
Adil wrote to Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice on January 19, 2006. In it he wrote that his Tribunal determined he was innocent on May 9, 2005. He said he was appealing directly to Rice because he had tried all other options.
Asylum in Albania
On May 5, 2006 the Department of Defense announced that they had transferred five Uyghurs who had been determined not to have been enemy combatants, to Albania. Seventeen other Uyghurs continue to be held at Guantanamo, because their CSRTs determined they were enemy combatants.
The McClatchy interview
On June 15, 2008 the McClatchy News Service published articles based on interviews with 66 former Guantanamo captives. McClatchy reporters interviewed Ahmed Adil. During his interview Ahmed Adil described life in the Uyghur construction camp:
"It was a simple life, but there was food and shelter, and company. I'd only been there 45 days when the bombing started. At first I wasn't worried, because it had nothing to do with me. But then it did. The bombs got close."
Ahmed Adil told his interviewers that he spent long periods in solitary confinement, in a cell that was only 3 x 6 feet, and that he was always chained to the floor during his interrogations.
- "List of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba from January 2002 through May 15, 2006" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 2006-05-15.
- China's Uighurs trapped at Guantanamo Archived 2009-08-01 at WebCite, Asia Times, November 4, 2004
- "Guantanamo Bay Detainees Classifed [sic] as 'No Longer Enemy Combatants'". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 11 August 2006.
- "Detainees Found to No Longer Meet the Definition of "Enemy Combatant" during Combatant Status Review Tribunals Held at Guantanamo". United States Department of Defense. November 19, 2007.
- Arun, Neil (January 11, 2007). "Albanian fix for Guantanamo Dilemma". BBC. Retrieved 2008-04-25.
- Mark Denbeaux, Joshua Denbeaux, David Gratz, John Gregorek, Matthew Darby, Shana Edwards, Shane Hartman, Daniel Mann, Megan Sassaman and Helen Skinner. "No-hearing hearings" (PDF). Seton Hall University School of Law. p. 17. Retrieved April 2, 2007.
- JTF-GTMO-JIG (2004-10-30). "Information paper: Uighur Detainee Population at JTF-GTMO" (PDF). Department of Defense. pp. 28–34. Retrieved 2009-08-01. mirror
- "China's Uighurs trapped at Guantanamo". Asia Times. November 4, 2004. Archived from the original on 2009-08-01. Retrieved 2008-03-28.
Why the Uighur Muslims were captured, and why they were deemed no longer to pose a threat to the US, is not clear. However, there is little chance that the detainees will be freed from US custody any time soon, because there is little maneuverability for Washington's Xinjiang policy. The US will continue to search for a country that will accept the detainees, but China's importance to global capital markets makes this unlikely to succeed.
- "Q&A: What next for Guantanamo prisoners?". BBC News. 2002-01-21. Retrieved 2008-11-24. mirror
- "Guatanamo Detainee Processes," United States Department of Defense, updated October 2, 2007, accessed February 23, 2010
- Elsea, Jennifer K. (July 20, 2005). "Detainees at Guantanamo Bay: Report for Congress" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 2007-11-10.
- OARDEC, Index to Transcripts of Detainee Testimony and Documents Submitted by Detainees at Combatant Status Review Tribunals Held at Guantanamo Between July 2004 and March 2005, September 4, 2007
- OARDEC (9 November 2004). "Summary of Evidence for Combatant Status Review Tribunal -- Adil, Ahmed" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. pp. 95–96. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-19.
- "US releases Guantanamo files". Melbourne: The Age. April 4, 2006. Archived from the original on 2008-11-25. Retrieved 2008-03-15.
- Letter to Condoleezza Rice, January 19, 2006[dead link]
- Albania accepts Chinese Guantanamo detainees, Washington Post, May 5, 2006[dead link]
- Tom Lasseter (June 15, 2008). "Guantanamo Inmate Database: Page 2". McClatchy News Service. Archived from the original on 20 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-16.
- Tom Lasseter (June 15, 2008). "Guantanamo Inmate Database: Ahmed Adil". McClatchy News Service. Archived from the original on 26 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-16.