Ahmed Bey ben Mohamed Chérif

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Hadj Ahmed Bey Ben Mohammed Chérif
الحاج أحمد باي بن محمد شريف
Hadj Ahmed Bey
Prtrait of Ahmed Bey
Born around 1784
Constantine, Algeria
Died August 30, 1851(1851-08-30) (aged 65)
Algiers
Nationality Algerian
Known for Last bey of Constantine, French conquest of Algeria

Ahmed Bey ben Mohamed Chérif, also known as Ahmed Bey or Hadj Ahmed Bey (Arabic: الحاج أحمد باي‎) (c. 1784 - c. 1850) was the last Bey of Constantine, Algeria, ruling from 1826 to 1848.[1] He was the successor of Mohamed Menamenni Bey ben Khan. As head of state, he led the local population in a fierce resistance to the French occupation forces.[2] In 1837 the territory was conquered by the French, who reinstated the Bey as ruler of the region. He remained in this position until 1848, when the region became a part of the colony of Algiers and the Bey was deposed.

Biography[edit]

Ahmed Bey was born a "kouloughli" meaning he was born to a Turkish father and an Arab mother.[3] Barely eighteen years old, the bey Abd Allah gave him the title of Caïd (Chief) of the el Aouassi tribes. Following the earthquake in the Blida region the dey, appointed him to Hunah el Kadous, around Algiers, and gives him the enjoyment of haouch Ouled Baba. Ahmed Bey engages in passions, such as hunting and the horses. From time to time he took part in several expeditions to protect the Ottoman troops, who were engaged against hostile Kabyle tribes such as the Beni Menad and the Beni Djenad. During his pilgrimage to Mecca which lasted fifteen months, from Egypt he met several famous people, including Muhammad Ali Pasha, his son Ibrahim Pasha and Toussoun Pasha.

Appointed bey of Constantine in 1826, he modernized the country focusing on the army. He led the Algerian resistance against the French occupation forces in the East of the Algeria with the aid of Hussein Pasha[disambiguation needed] and, after the capture of Algiers, he retired in his province to Constantine. In 1832 he entrusted to his lieutenant Ben Aïssa the care for the population of Bône. He organized the defence of Constantine, Algeria, and lead several battles against the French army.

In January 1834, the Bey of Constantine Hadj Ahmed Bey and the chiefs of the constantinoises tribes send a complaint to the British Parliament to seek the help of Britain against French forces.

He won his first success in 1836 against the maréchal Clauzel. When Constantine was sieged by the French in 1837, Ahmed Bey managed to escape and to organize resistance in the Aurès Mountains. In 1842, he rallies the tribe of Ouled Nasser, hoping to give the hand in the Kabyles, and approached the camp of Ain Roumel. Launched its Crown, on 25 August 1842, French General Jean-René Sillègue enters the land of the Amouchas, name of a village north of Sétif, and met a gathering of two to three thousand Kabyles who failed to stop him. On September 10, the General defeated the Cavalry of Hadj Ahmed Bey at the foot of Djbel Bou Taleb, and manages to destroy his influence on the tribes of the Tell.

Ahmed died on August 30, 1850, 65 years old. According to his wishes, he is buried in Algiers in the mosque of Sidi Abder Rahman of Algiers in Bab El Oued. His marble mausoleum, is surmounted by a turban.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A History of the Maghrib in the Islamic Period [1] Jamil M. Abun-Nasr
  2. ^ Henache, Delila. "Algerian director Ali Aissaoui awarded 'Golden screen 2008' for 'Hello Constantine'" Echorouk Online. November 18, 2008. Accessed December 22, 2008
  3. ^ Alexis Tocqueville, Second Letter on Algeria (August 22, 1837), Bronner, Stephen Eric; Thompson, Michael (eds.), The Logos Reader: Rational Radicalism and the Future of Politics, (University of Kentucky Press, 2006), 205;"This bey, contrary to all custom, was coulougli, meaning the son of a Turkish father and an Arab mother."

Bibliography[edit]

  • Tocqueville, Alexis de (2006), "Second Letter on Algeria (August 22, 1837)", in Bronner, Stephen Eric; Thompson, Michael (eds.), The Logos Reader: Rational Radicalism and the Future of Politics, University Press of Kentucky, ISBN 0813191483 .